JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL 2
TOPIC – ANIMAL PESTS AND DISEASE CONTROL
1. Farm Animals Diseases
2. Mode of Transmission
3. Symptoms of Farm Animals Diseases
4. Effects of Diseases on Farm Animals
5. Methods of Prevention and Control
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. list farm animal diseases.
2. state modes of transmission of farm animal diseases.
3. identify symptoms of farm animal diseases.
4. state effects of diseases on the farm animals.
5. state some methods of prevention and control.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Pictures and charts of diseases of farm animals, disease organisms.
2. Preserved specimens of diseases causing organisms.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
6. Classes and Uses of Farm Animals Basic 7 (JSS 1)
7. Animals Feeds and Feeding Tools Basic 8 (JSS 2)
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
FARM ANIMAL DISEASES
Farm animal diseases are illness unhealthy or abnormal condition in the body of farm animals. These illnesses result in changes in the well-being of these animals.
TYPES OF FARM ANIMAL DISEASES
2. Contagious abortion in ruminants, pigs, etc.
Ring worm (all farm animals)
Foot and mouth diseases (all animals except poultry).
1. Coccidiosis in poultry and rabbit.
2. Prypanosomiasis – nagana (cattle).
E. Worms (all farm animals)
MODES OF TRANSMISSION OF FARM ANIMAL DISEASES
1. Contact with the infected animals
2. Contact with discharges
3. Vector (tsetse fly), etc.
SYMPTOMS OF FARM ANIMAL DISEASES
The symptoms of farm animals diseases of farm animal diseases include –
1. Enlarged udder
3. High fever
4. Blood stained
6. Loss of weight
7. Loss of hair
8. Reduced productivity
EFFECTS OF DISEASES ON FARM ANIMALS
1. Reduce productivity
2. Loss of appetite
3. Loss of weight
METHODS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL
1. Adopting good sanitation practices
3. Isolation/disposal etc
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;
2. Displays pictures and charts of disease organisms and dead animals.
Student’s Activities – Guided discussion on animal disease causing organisms and disease symptoms.
3. Develops charts on casual organisms, symptoms and animals affected.
Student’s Activities – Observe charts and pictures and familiarize themselves with the symptoms and animals affected.
4. Invites veterinary personnel as a guest speaker.
Student’s Activities – Listen and ask questions. Carry out good sanitation practices on the school farm animals.
5. Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Visit abattoir to observe meat inspection.
6. Give a board summary.
Student’s Activities – Copy board summary.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. list five farm animal diseases.
2. mention four organisms that cause farm animal diseases.
3. state four modes of transmission of farm animal diseases.
4. describe three symptoms of farms animal diseases.
5. state three methods of prevention/control of farm animal diseases.