Balanced Diet – Meaning of Food Nutrition | Composition of Food Nutrients Primary 3 (Basic 3) – Agriculture

Last Updated on September 16, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

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AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 2

PRIMARY 3

THEME – BASIC CONCEPTS IN AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Agriculture Primary 2 (Basic 2) – Home Economics

 

TOPIC – FOOD NUTRIENTS (BALANCED DIET) 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of balanced diet

3. Composition of Food Nutrients

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. state the meaning of food nutrients.

2. name the ingredients in a food nutrients.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOURS 

The pupils can identify food and fruits.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Charts of components of a balanced diet.

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2. Pictorial display of healthy children.

3. Pictorial display of children suffering from kwashiorkor, goiter, knock/bow legs.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF FOOD NUTRIENTS (BALANCED DIET) 

Food nutrients are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

This is also known as balanced diet.

 

COMPOSITION OF FOOD NUTRIENTS (BALANCED DIET) 

Balanced diet contained the following –

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1. Carbohydrates

2. Proteins

3. Fats and Oils

4. Minerals

5. Vitamins

6. Water

 

LESSON 2 – CONTINUATION

1. CARBOHYDRATES 

Carbohydrates are the energy giving foods.

For example, rice, yam, maize, bread, etc.

 

2. PROTEINS 

Proteins are the body building foods.

For example, eggs, meat, fish, plantain, etc.

 

3. Fats and OILS 

Fats and oils are the oily and fatty foods.

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For example, groundnut, groundnut oil, palm oil, butter, etc.

 

4. MINERALS 

Minerals are the fruits and vegetables foods. They contain high content of minerals.

 

5. VITAMINS 

Vitamins are the fruits and vegetables foods. They contain high content of minerals.

 

6. WATER 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Displays sample of balanced diet or chart showing balanced diet.

3. Lets pupils identify the content of the content.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and state the content of the food.

4. Tells them, the food contains balanced diet.

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5. Explain the meaning of balanced diet.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the teacher’s explain.

6. Asks pupils to mention the food taken this morning.

Pupil’s Activities – Say the food eaten in the morning.

7. Lists the different food eaten by each pupils in a day.

8. Classifies the food into food types.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and state the classes of food eaten.

  • Closely observe and identify foodstuffs that can make up a balanced diet.

9. Forms the list, state what makes up a balanced diet or unbalanced diet.

Pupil’s Activities – Keep a record of all the food you eat in a day.

10. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher instructed.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Energy Giving Foods – Meaning and Examples Carbohydrates Primary 3 (Basic 3) – Home Economics

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to – 

1. explain the meaning of balanced diet.

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2. state 6 classes of food with appropriate examples.

3. differentiate between balanced diet and unbalanced diet.

2. name the ingredients in a food nutrients.

 

WORKBOOK

 

1. _______ are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

A. Food Nutrients

B. Carbohydrates

C. Proteins

 

2. _______ is also known as balanced diet.

A. Food Nutrients

B. Carbohydrates

C. Proteins

 

3. _______ is body building foods.

A. Food Nutrients

B. Carbohydrates

C. Proteins

 

4. _______ is energy giving foods.

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A. Food Nutrients

B. Carbohydrates

C. Proteins

 

5. Rice, yam, maize and bread are _______.

A. Food Nutrients

B. Carbohydrates

C. Proteins

 

6. Groundnut, groundnut oil, palm oil and butter are body building foods.

A. Food Nutrients

B. Carbohydrates

C. Proteins

 

7. _______ and _______ are fruit and vegetable foods.

A. Carbohydrates and proteins

B. Minerals and vitamins

C. Oil and fat

 

State the 3 components of a balanced diet.

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8. ______________________

 

9. ______________________

 

10. _____________________

 

 

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