Cultural and Creative Arts JSS 1 Curriculum Guides – Hear Training and Harmony | Playing an Instrument (Recorder) | Rudiment of Music | Theory of Music | Uses of Music

 

 

THEME – PERFORMING ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT (MUSIC) 

TOPIC 1 – EAR TRAINING AND HARMONY

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Music manuscript

2. Whiteboard/magic boards

3. Pianos, Recorders

4. Textbooks and note books

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain ear training.

2. explain 4-part harmony.

3. state the rudiments of harmony.

4. explain 2-part harmony.

 

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Definition/Meaning of Ear Trainings (Aural Skill)

Ear training is the ability to recognize music other than notation.

It is also known as aural skill.

Ear training begins with

  • identifying sounds by ear and naming them
  • transcribing them
  • playing them back
  • singing them
  • singing them at more advanced levels, and
  • improvising upon them according to harmonic rules.

 

 

2. Meaning of Harmony

Harmony is the simultaneous combination of sounded musical notes to produce a pleasing effect and ensuing relationships of intervals and chords.

 

Features of Harmony

1. Chord — Simultaneous combination of tones (typically three or more) that constitute a single block of harmony.

2. Scale — A series of tones or pitches in ascending or descending order.

3. Tonality — The principal of organizing a work around a central tonic, or home pitch, based on a major or minor scale.

Reference – Music Outline

 

 

2. Rudiments of Harmony in Two sides sides Part Writing and Four Part Writing

TWO PART WRITING 

Two part writing occurs when one musical staff is used for two different instruments, voices, or melody/harmony lines.

 

FOUR PART WRITING 

Four part writing occurs when two staves are used for four different instruments, voices or melody/harmony lines.

 

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher lists and explains the components of harmony.

 

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students listen and note down teacher’s explanation.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks students to,

1. play a tune with the recorder on a given scale.

2. name the components of harmony.

 

 

THEME – PERFORMING ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT (MUSIC) 

TOPIC 2 – PLAYING AN INSTRUMENT (RECORDER)

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Recorders

2. Music manuscripts

3. Whiteboard/magic boards

4. Textbooks and notebooks

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain what a recorder is.

2. state the uses of a recorder.

3. name the key signatures of a recorder.

4. explain how to play the recorder.

 

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. The Recorder

Recorderiis s an instrument in the woodwind family that come in soprano, alto and tenor versions.

 

 

2. Uses of a Recorder

1. It is good for music beginners.

2. It is useful for sight reading and developing listening skills.

 

 

3. Key Signatures of a Recorder

A key signature is a visual symbol, printed on a musical staff, that indicates what key a section of music is written in.

Key signatures are represented by using accidentals—better known as sharps and flats.

 

 

4. Steps of Playing the Recorder

1. Purchase a recorder

2. Learn how to hold the recorder and make sound.

3. Learn correct tonguing technique.

4. Learn the fingering chart.

5. Practice makes perfect!

Reference – West Music

 

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. explains the nature and uses of the Recorder while playing for emphasis.

2. writes the key signatures for the students to copy in their music manuscripts.

3. enumerates steps in playing the recorder.

 

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. listen to the teacher’s explantion and takes notes.

2. listen to teacher’s explanation on basic steps to play the recorder.

3. play a tune with the recorder.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks students to,

1. identify an alto, tenor or soprano recorder.

2. state three steps of playing the recorder.

3. individual performance of the recorder.

 

 

THEME – PERFORMING ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT (MUSIC) 

TOPIC 3 – RUDIMENTS OF MUSIC

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Music manuscripts

2. Flash cards

3. Pianos

4. Decent recorders

5. Modulators.

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. identify the musical alphabets

2. draw and name the staves, lines and spaces.

3. identify different types of staff/stave using clef signs.

4. recognize and name the notes in the modern usage.

5. identify the relative values of the notes.

6. define a scale.

 

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Musical Alphabets

2. Clef and Names of the Staves

3. Types of Staff

  • Treble
  • Bass
  • Great stave

 

4. Musical Notes and their Relative Value

5. Major Scale of C Natural

  • Definition
  • Application

 

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. guides students to recognize the types of staff/stave.

2. guides the students to draw line and spaces, bass, treble and the great stave.

3. explains the relationship in value between one note and the next.

4. constructs a series of notes from C in alphabetical order up to its eigth degree (octave).

5. assists the students to identify the notes on a key board instrument.

 

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. name the musical alphabets and types of stave.

2. draw the different lines and name the lines and spaces.

3. Identify each musical note by:

  • describing the shape, and
  • reproducing the notes and their values.

4. Sing the scale produced using solfa names.

5. Sing a melody using a solfa notation.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks students to,

1. name the seven musical alphabets

2. draw the great stave.

3. give the letter names of the treble stave.

4. list the six musical notes in the descending order of their valves.

5. draw the diatonic scale of a major key (c or G).

 

 

THEME – PERFORMING ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT (MUSIC) 

TOPIC 4 – THEORY OF MUSIC (FUNDAMENTALS OF MUSIC) 

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Music manuscripts

2. Pianos

3. Recorders

4. Whiteboard/magic boards

5. Textbooks

6. Notebooks

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. define the theory of music

2. define the fundamentals of music.

3. state the fundamentals of music.

4. identify notes on the key board.

 

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Definition/Meaning of Theory of Music

Theory of music is the study of music in its entirety, how music works, the language and notation, and elements of music.

 

 

2. Fundamentals of Music

  • Pitch
  • Melody
  • Harmony
  • Rhythm
  • Texture
  • Timbre
  • Quality
  • Form or structure

 

 

3. Notes on the Keyboard

A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers or keys on a musical instrument.

There are seven natural notes on a piano: C, D, E, F, G, A, B.

 

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. defines the theory of music.

2. outlines and explains the fundamentals of music.

3. leads the class in discussion on fundamentals of music.

4. guides the students to represent the appropriate notation in their manuscripts, e.g. pitch, rhythm, texture etc.

5. guides the students to identify notes on the keyboard.

 

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. listen to the teacher and copy notes.

2. use their manuscripts to write notes.

3. draw the different lines, spaces and name them.

4. sing or play the scale.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks students to,

1. define and state the theory of music.

2. list the fundamentals of music.

3. mention two they have drawn in the music manuscripts.

 

 

THEME – PERFORMING ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT (MUSIC) 

TOPIC 5 – USE OF MUSIC

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Radio

2. Tape recorders

3. Pictures showing performing musicians

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. State the uses of music in the society.

2. State the impact of music on human life.

 

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Uses of Music

Music is a group of sound that people listen to and enjoy.

It can be voices or instruments. People clapped, moved their body and tapped their while listening to music.

The uses of music are as follows:

  • For ritual purpose
  • For ceremonial purpose
  • Advertisement
  • Healing
  • Communication
  • Education
  • Sport

 

 

2. Impact of Music in the Society

  • During important occasions
  • At joyous moments
  • Creating employment

 

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. Illustrates uses of music in festivals, worship, advertisement, healing, etc.

2. guides students in enumerating the impact of music in society.

 

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. participate in discussing the uses of music.

2. describe ways in which music can affect human lives.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks students to,

1. state three uses of music in the locality.

2. state four ways music can have impact on their lives and the society.