PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME: DRUG EDUCATION
PREVIOUS LESSON – Drug Use and Their Consequences | Ways of Taking Drugs | Meaning and Types of Alcohol and Tobacco Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 3 Week 10 Physical and Health Education
TOPIC – DRUG EDUCATION
2. Meaning and Effects of Drug Abuse
3. Meaning of Herbal Medicine
4. Different between NAFDAC and Herbal Medicines
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the meaning of drug abuse.
2. state the effects of drug abuse on individual, family and society.
3. explain the meaning of herbal medicines.
4. differentiate between NAFDAC and herbal medicines.
The pupils can identify and differentiate between NAFDAC and herbal medicines.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts showing NAFDAC and herbal medicines.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
A drug is any substance that can change the activities of the body.
Some of these substances can make us sleepy, excited, awake or take away pains.
There are drug that capable of affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior.
MEANING OF DRUG USE
Drug use is normally used according to doctor’s prescription.
MEANING OF DRUG MISUSE
Drug misuse is the wrong used of drug.
Mostly, drugs are used without doctor’s prescription or ignorantly, not understand the use of such drugs.
MEANING OF DRUG ABUSE
Drug abuse is the wrong (misuse) of drugs to get self drive.
Drugs used this ways are not prescribed by doctors, nurses or pharmacists.
COMMONLY DRUG ABUSE
Commonly abuse drugs are as follows:
5. Indian hemp
LESSON 2 – EFFECTS OF DRUGS
EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE ON AN INDIVIDUAL
The effects of drug abuse on an individual are as follows:
1. Respiratory tract infection
2. High blood pressure
3. Permanent or temporary stroke
4. Loss of weight
5. Loss of memory
6. Dropout of school
7. Strange behaviour
10. Loss of job
11. Financial crisis
EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE ON THE FAMILY
The effects of drug abuse on the family are as follows:
1. Lack of trust
2. Division among family members
3. Reckless behavior within the family
5. Stay away from home
6. Exposure to other drugs
7. Causing parental grief
LESSON 3 – EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE ON THE SOCIETY
The effects of drug abuse on the society are as follows:
1. Bad behaviour
2. Poor performance in school
9. Financial problems
10. HIV infection
MEANING OF HERBAL AND NAFDAC MEDICINES
Herbal medicine is the use of plants to prevent and treat disease or enhance general health and wellbeing.
NAFDAC medicines are both synthetic and natural occurring drugs that are test and approved by NAFDAC.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher organizes pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.
3. Teacher asks pupils to discuss the ways people abuse drugs.
Pupil’s Activities – Discuss how people abuse drugs.
4. Teacher listens to the pupils and uses their responses to introduce the lesson.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson.
5. Teacher leads a discussion on the meaning of drug use, abuse and misuse.
Pupil’s Activities – Differentiate between drug use, abuse and misuse.
6. Teacher states the drugs that are commonly abuse.
Pupil’s Activities – State the drugs that are commonly abuse.
7. Teacher displays sample of synthetic and natural occurring drugs.
8. Teacher asks pupils to differentiate between the both drugs.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and describe synthetic and natural occurring drugs.
9. Teacher uses the drugs to lead a discussion on herbal and NAFDAC medicines.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.
10. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board with appropriate lesson evaluation.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson by responding correctly to the lesson evaluation and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. explain the meaning of drug abuse.
2. state 5 effects of drug abuse on an individual.
3. mention 5 effects of drug abuse on a family.
4. list 5 effects of drug abuse on the society.
5. explain the meaning of herbal medicines.
6. differentiate between NAFDAC and herbal medicines.