SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (SSS 1)
THEME: BASIC CONCEPTS
PREVIOUS LESSON – Agricultural Science Plan Lesson Notes for Senior Secondary Schools – SSS 1
TOPIC – AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
1. Land Tenure Systems in Nigeria
2. Land Use Degree of 1978 and Its Characteristics
3. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Land Use Decree
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –
1. List and explain the land tenure systems in Nigeria.
2. Explain the land use decree of 1978 and its characteristic/features.
3. List the advantages and disadvantages of the land use decree.
The students can state the importance of land.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of a copy of the Nigerian land use Acts of 1978.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. National Curriculum SSS Classes
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LAND TENURE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
The Land Use Decree of 1978 was an attempt by the Federal Military Government to try to correct some of the problems with the existing land tenure regimes in the country, to provide the country with a uniform land tenure system and to ensure equitable and secure access to land for productive proposes.
The Land use act (formerly called the Land Use Decree) was promulgated on 29th of March 1978. Former President Olusegun Obasanjo takes credit for being the man who made the Land Use Act an integral part of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria during the military regime before he eventually handed over to Alhaji Shehu Shagari led Federal Government.
TYPES OF LAND TENURE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
There are various forms of land tenure systems in Nigeria –
1. Communal Ownership
Communal ownership is a system where the head of the community decide the basis for allocating or sharing land.
2. Inheritance Tenure System
Inheritance tenure system is the transfer of ownership one person to the next of kin. It is common practice in Nigeria.
3. Leasehold Tenure System
Leasehold tenure system is a temporary ownership based on agreement between the tenant and landlord. The lease agreement is usual on a long term and cannot serve as security for loans for any of the parties involved.
4. Rent Tenure System
Rest tenure system is also temporary ownership of land for a short period of time, usually a year.
5. Gift Tenure System
Gift tenure system as the name implies, land owner has the rights to voluntarily given out by his ownership to another person as a gift.
6. Freehold Tenure System
In freehold tenure system, the new owner pays a certain sum of money to own a piece of land.
7. Tenant at Government will
Tenants at government will system is whereby land is given out to farmers by the Federal Government of Nigeria.
FEATURES OF THE LAND USE ACT
The main features of the Land Use Act were:
1. to effect structural change in the system of land tenure.
2. to achieve fast economic and social transformation.
3. to negate economic inequality caused by the appropriation of rising land values by land speculators and landholders.
4. to make land available easily and cheaply, to both the government and private individual developers.
ADVANTAGES OF THE LAND USE DECREE IN NIGERIA
To a large extent, the land use act achieved its aims and objectives:
1. Ensuring that whosoever requires land for any purpose with the ability to make optimum use of it will obtain it.
2. Making it illegal for indigenes to allocate land without government’s approval.
3. Preventing the practice of land speculators buying up large acres of land in order to obtain high prices for a future sale to another person.
4 Reduction in boundary disputes, the number, and frequency of court cases of land ownership since the survey of acquired land is mandatory for occupancy right to be granted.
5. Allowing for easy acquisition of land for agricultural.
DISADVANTAGES OF THE LAND USE DECREE IN NIGERIA
1. Abuse of office
2. Delay in land acquisition
Source – propertypro.ng – Land Use Act in Nigeria
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
2. Discussion and expository.
Student’s Activities – Comments on the Nigerian land use decree of 1978 and its implications of agricultural development.
3. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Student’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask students to:
1. List and explain five land tenure systems in Nigeria.
2. Explain the land use decree of 1978 and state five characteristics.
3. Give examples of the land tenure system in their locality.
4. List 5 advantages and 5 disadvantages of the land use decree.