CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS
JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (SSS 1)
TOPIC – PRACTICAL WORKS IN TIE AND DYE USING DIFFERENT METHODS
2. Meaning/Definition of Dye an Tie
3. Methods of Tying
4. Materials and Tools for Tie and Dye
5. Dying Process
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –
1. prepare the dye solution.
2. design and dye fabric in one colour using:
3. list materials and tools used for tie and dye.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of samples of tied and dyed of fabric, dye of fabric, dye stuff, plain unstarched cotton fabric, raffia, plastic bowl, gloves, cloth line, pegs.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. National Curriculum for SSS Classes
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF TIE AND DYE
Tie and Dye is the process of decorating and adding personality to cloth (fabric).
In this process, tie prevents the cloth from dye, while the untied takes the dye.
Tie and dye Tie and dye is a fabric decoration technique that is common in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Tie and dye designs can be simple or complex.
They can be of a single colour (monochrome), or multicoloured.
Other techniques of fabric decoration include printing, embroidery, painting, and appliqué.
MATERIALS AND TOOLS FOR TIE AND DYE
2. Dye pigment
3. Chemical (Caustic Soda, Hydrochloride)
4. Plastic bowls
5. Wooden sticks
METHODS OF MAKING TIE AND DYE
Folding is a method of making stripes patterns by folding.
Tying is a method of tying the fabric to create a patterns or designs.
Stitching is a method of using needle (machine) and tread to join or pull together to form or create a patterns or designs.
Knotting is a method of using clamps and pegs to hold fabric together create patterns or designs.
Pleating is a method of folding.
Marbling is a method of loosening and pressing together without any definite patterns or designs.
Batik is a wax-resist method of dyeing fabric.
PREPARATION OF DYE BATH
MATERIALS NEEDED FOR MAKING TIE AND DYE
The production of tie and dye fabric requires the following materials:
1. Fabric (white, and 100% cotton).
3. Hydrogen sulphate
4. Caustic soda Tablespoon or other measuring instrument
5. Scissors and knife
6. Rubber gloves
MAKING TIE AND DYE FABRICS/DYING PROCESS
The dyeing process –
1. The hydrogen sulphate, caustic soda and dye must be measured into an empty and dry plastic bowl.
2. Measure hydrogen sulphate and caustic soda in the ratio of 2:1 depending on the color.
3. Add hot water gradually into the chemical mixture in the bowl and stir properly to ensure that everything dissolves.
4. Dip the fabric into the dye mixture solution and allow it to absorb the dye for about 20 minutes.
5. Care must be taken to ensure that every part of the fabric absorbs the dye evenly.
6. Remove the fabric and allow the excess dye to drip off.
7. Rinse the dyed fabric in clean water and spread to dry under a shade.
The above steps are apply to any methods of choice.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
2. Explains the meaning and types of Tie and dye.
Student’s Activities – Listen to explanation of the meaning of tie and dye.
3. Explains and shows students the different materials and tools used in Tie and dye.
4. Shows how to prepare the dye bath.
5. Demonstrates how to tie, fold and clamp Fabrics.
6. Demonstrates how to dye designed fabric.
7. Displays dyed fabrics.
Student’s Activities – Observe and carry out the following:
- tying of fabrics using the different tying methods.
- follow teacher’s example in preparing the dye bath.
- dye designed fabric and display the fabric.
- dispose of used and spent dye solution appropriately.
8. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Student’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask students to:
1. explain the meaning of tie and dye.
2. identify three types of fabric decoration.
3. name six materials for tie and dye and explain their uses.
4. make three designs on pieces of fabric.
5. prepare dye bath.
6. dye designed fabric.
7. display finished products.