SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (SSS 1)
THEME: AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND MECHANISATION
PREVIOUS LESSON – Agricultural Science Plan Lesson Notes for Senior Secondary Schools – SSS 1
TOPIC – SIMPLE FARM TOOLS USES AND MAINTENANCE
1. Meaning/Definition of Simple Farm Tools
2. Examples of Simple Farm Tools
3. Description of Simple Farm Tools
4. Uses and Maintenance of Simple Farm Tools
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –
1. Explain the meaning of simple farm tools.
2. Identify various types of simple farm tools and accessory tools.
3. State their uses.
4. State general maintenance of simple farm tools.
The students can differentiate between agricultural mechanisation and non agricultural mechanisation.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Different types of farm tools.
2. Local tools fabrication workshops.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. National Curriculum SSS Classes
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
Simple farm tools are handy made tools used by small scale farmers.
These tools are locally made handy tools.
EXAMPLES OF SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
Here are some common simple farm tools –
4. Watering can
5. Wheel barrow
7. Head pan
8. Hand fork
9. Garden fork
12. Pick axe
DESCRIPTION OF EACH OF THE TOOLS
Make some of the simple farm tools available for the students to identify and describe. Based on the student’s description, let them to write in their notes.
USES OF SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
1. It is used for cutting down and clearing bushes and trees.
2. It is used for transplanting seedlings.
3. It is used for planting seeds and harvesting crops.
4. It is used for weeding farmlands.
5. It is used for lifting soil and completely turning it over.
6. It is used for levelling soil.
7. It is used for digging holes during transplanting.
8. It is used for mixing cement/concrete for farm structures.
9. It is used for mixing small quantity of soil or manure.
10. It is used for working manure into the soil, etc.
GENERAL MAINTENANCE OF SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
The following maintenance practices or precautions are to be adopted to prolong the “life span” and effective use of farm tools.
1. Use farm tools for the purpose which they are made for.
2. Store in a cool dry and safe place.
3. Tools should be washed or cleaned after use.
4. Rub oil on metal ends to avoid rusting.
5. Sharpening blunt edges.
6. Repair or replace all broken or damaged parts.
7. Keep records of the movement of farm tools.
8. Do not allow children to play with tools.
9. Do not leave tools with sharp parts carelessly around.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
2. Displays different types of simple farm tools and accessory tools.
3. Discuss simple farm tools with regard to identification, description and state uses of each.
Student’s Activities – Identify the various simple farm tools and their uses.
4. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Student’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask students to:
1. Define simple farm tools.
2. Identify 10 farm tools.
3. State uses of some farm tools.
4. Outline the maintenance practices.