Meaning, Identification, Classification and State of Matter (JSS 1)

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM

WEEK – 

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (JSS 1) 

THEME – LIVING AN NON LIVING THINGS 

PREVIOUS – Basic Science and Technology (Primary 6)

 

TOPIC – MATTER 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Meaning of Matter

3. Identification and Classification of Matter

4. State of Matter

 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –

1. recognize that all living and non living things are made up of matter.

2. recognize things in our surroundings as matter.

3. list the three states of matter.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The students can different between liquid and solid object.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Live specimen

2. Charts

3. Plastic containers

4. Polythene bags

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING 

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION

Matter is around.

Everything around us is made of matter – both living and non living made up of matter.

The air, water, soil, rocks, plants, animals and even people are examples of matter.

 

 

MEANING OF MATTER 

Matter is everything around us that occupies space and has mass.

Living and non living things are classified as matters in term of solids, liquids, and gases.

 

 

IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER

Matter is everything around us.

Matter includes the air we breathe, water we drink, food we eat, crops we plant, animals we rear, etc. even our own body.

 

 

CLASSIFICATION OF MATTER 

Matter can be classified as –

1. Living and non living things

2. Solid, liquid and gas

 

 

STATES OF MATTER

Matter exists in several different forms, called states.

The three (3) states are –

1. Solid

2. Liquid

3. Gas

 

SOLID FORM

Solid matter is any object that has its own form and shape.

Examples of solid objects are floors, pencils, plants, trees, cars, skin, books, ice, chairs, computers, etc.

 

LIQUID FORM

Liquid matter takes the shape of its container.

It takes the shape of any object – cup, bowl, bottle, etc. that holds it.

Examples of liquid are water, juice, oil, pap, tea, blood, kerosene, groundnut oil, etc.

 

GAS FORM 

Gas is any substance like the air we breathe, steam from boiling water, smoke from the firewood, or exhaust from cars.

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; the teacher –

2. Displays chart showing the examples of living and non living things.

3. Asks students to identify and classify the contents of the chart as living and non living and state other examples of living and non living.

Student’s Activities – Identify and classify the contents of the chart as living and non living and state other examples of living and non living.

4. Uses the chart and student’s responses to introduce the lesson – matter.

5. Tells students, matter is everything around us.

6. Uses the statement in number 5 to ask and guide pupils to state everything around.

7. Leads a discussion discussion on the meaning of matter with appropriate illustrations and examples.

Student’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to able to participate in class discussion.

8. Creates any activity that enables pupils to identify and state matter in solid, liquid and gas form. For example, you can create the activity using stone, eba, phone (solid), the water we drink and smoke from burning wood (liquid) and the air we breathe and steam from boiling water (gas).

9. Uses the activity created in number 8 to introduce and discuss form of matter.

Student’s Activities – State the form of matter with appropriate examples.

10. Takes students on nature walk to collect different samples of matter.

Student’s Activities – Take a nature walk and collect samples of matter and observe the collected specimens and group them by shape, color and size.

11. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Student’s Activities – Take active part in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson –

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Asks students to:

1. explain the meaning of matter.

2. state 3 form of matter with appropriate examples.

3. differentiate between solid and liquid matter with appropriate examples.

4. give 4 examples of gas form of matter.

 

 

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