Mineral Resources in Nigeria | Benefits of Mineral Resources | Consequences of Over Exploration of Mineral Resources Primary 6 (Basic 6)

Last Updated on December 6, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 6

THEME – COMPONENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Air | Properties of Air | Uses of Air Primary 6(Basic 6)

TOPIC – MINERAL RESOURCES 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Mineral Resources

4. Types and Sources of Minerals resources

3. Importance of Mineral Resources

4. Consequences of Over Exploitation of mineral resources on environment

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. name some of the mineral resources found in Nigeria and their sources.

2. state the importance of mineral resources to Nigeria.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Petroleum

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Samples of minerals or ores (or pictures) e.g. tin – ore, crude oil, alum, marble.

2. Kerosene, Grease, Engine Oil, Polythene bags, Clothing materials, Vaseline, etc.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION 

Copy as I write or draw as I draw. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION (MINERAL RESOURCES) 

Teacher’s Activities – Based on the assignment given in the previous lesson, ask each pupil to mention one mineral resource and where it is found in Nigeria.

Pupil’s response – Based on their findings.

Teacher’s remark – Listen to the pupils, give a great cheer for their funding and quick response. Introduce the lesson and explain.

 

On board, copy as I write.

MEANING OF MINERAL RESOURCES 

Mineral resources are natural resources used to produce many things like hoe, cutlass, plate, spoon, bicycle, car, jewelry, etc.

 

 

Mineral resources are got from lands including valleys, mountains and hills. Also, crude oil and natural gas are found mostly in riverine areas.

 

LESSON TWO – TYPES OF MINERAL RESOURCES AND THEIR LOCATION IN NIGERIA 

Teacher’s Activities – Display a map of Nigeria showing the 36 states including the FCT, Abuja for the pupils to identify the location of mineral resources mentioned in lesson one.

Pupil’s response – Identify the location of each mineral resource mentioned in the previous lesson.

Teacher’s remark – Listen to the pupils, give a great cheer for their funding and quick response. And continue the lesson on types and locations of mineral resources in Nigeria.

 

On board, copy as I write.

There are three (3) of mineral resources – solid, liquid and natural gas.

SOLID MINERALS 

1. Gold is found in Sokoto and Osun State.

2. Iron ore is found Kogi State

3. Tin and Columbite are found in Jos in Plateau State

4. Red clay is found in most of the States.

5. Copper is found in Nasarawa, Plateau, Zamfara, Bauchi, Gombe State, Abia and Kano State

6. Coal is found Enugu.

7. Limestone is found in Cross River, Ebonyi, Abia, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Edo, Enugu, Imo, Ogun, Ondo and Sokoto.

 

On board, copy as I write.

LIQUID MINERALS

Crude oil is the mineral in liquid form.

It is mainly found in Akwa Ibom, Delta, Rivers, Bayelsa, Ondo, Edo, Imo and Abia.

 

On board, copy as I write.

NATURAL GAS 

 

 

Natural gas is usually found around crude oil. Often natural gas is found before crude oil.

 

LESSON THREE – PRODUCTS (USES) AND THEIR MINERAL RESOURCES  

Teacher’s Activities – Display a chart showing different products made from mineral resources for the pupils to identify and state their uses.

Pupil’s response – State the uses of mineral resources.

Teacher’s remark – Listen to the pupil’s points on the board and give a great cheer for their funding and quick response.

 

On board, copy as I write.

1. Petrol and Kerosene 

Mineral resources – Crude oil

Diesel oil, lubricating oil, wax, etc. are products make from crude oil.

 

2. Jewelry

Mineral resources – Copper, Gold, Silver and Diamond

Electric cables, tools and ornaments are products made from copper, gold, silver and diamond.

 

3. Tin containers 

Mineral resource – Tin

 

4. Bricks and Pottery

Mineral resource – Red clay

 

5. Electric cable 

Mineral resources – Aluminium and Copper

Cooking utensils and aircraft are product made from aluminum.

 

6. Steel used in building houses and cars

Mineral resource – Iron ore

 

7. Pipes and pencils 

Mineral resource – Lead

 

8. Matches

Mineral resource – Sulphur

Gun powder and ointments are products made from sulphur.

 

9. Cooking and Smelting 

Mineral resources – Natural gas and Coal

 

CONSEQUENCES OF OVER EXPORTATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Lead a discussion on over exploration of mineral resources.

When a mineral resource is found in a place, it involves digging deep into a very wide area.

Most our mineral resources are found in soil, valleys, mountains and hills. Some are found in the riverine areas. Places where these resources are got from never remain in good condition.

 

On board, copy as I write.

Extracting the minerals out of the soil is called exploitation.

 

Exploitation has good and bad effects on our environment.

The good effects are already mentioned in lesson 2.

The bad effects are the consequences of over exploitation of mineral resources.

 

On board, copy as I write.

1. It makes the soil not useful for farming.

2. It reduces the mineral content of the soil.

 

 

3. It can cause earthquake or land slide.

4. It can lead to water, land and air pollution.

 

Note to the teachers, this lesson maybe takes more than three (3) periods as indicated on the time table. 

 

Other method on Mineral Resources – Mineral Resources in Nigeria | Benefits of Mineral Resources | Consequences of Over Exploration of Mineral Resources Primary 6 (Basic 6) – ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Collects samples of minerals e.g. tin ore, coal, iron ore, crude oil etc for class activities. (Can use pictures where samples are not available).

Pupil’s Activities – Observe the minerals provided and describe their characteristics (colour, shine, smell, hardness, etc).

3. Leads pupils to identify minerals.

Pupil’s Activities – Examine crude, petroleum and compare it with products such as kerosene, engine oil, Vaseline, grease, wax, polythene bags, clothing materials, etc.

4. Uses charts and relevant pictures to explain the sources of the minerals.

Pupil’s Activities – State the source of minerals.

5. Guides class discussion on the uses and importance of mineral.

Pupil’s Activities – State some importance of mineral resources to Nigeria.

7. Arranges for a guest talk on the exploitation, development and use of mineral resources.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the guest speaker.

 

EXCURSION (VISITATION), IF POSSIBLE

Pay a visit to one or two place(s) or people to find out how different products are made or sold.

1. Play station

2. Goldsmith

3. Blacksmith

4. Extraction industry

5. Museum

7. Pottery

8. Market

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. give three examples of mineral resources in Nigeria and their sources.

2. group minerals into solid and liquid.

3. state three importance of mineral resources to Nigeria.

4. mention 3 states where crude oil can be found in Nigeria.

5. write 3 mineral resources with their uses.

6. On the map of Nigeria, indicate 5 mineral resources and the places here they are found.

 

 

Back to homepage – Second Term Basic Science and Technology Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Notes for Primary 6 (Basic 6)

 

Main page – Basic Science and Technology (Primary 6)

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

Attempt all the questions. 

 

1. ___________________ is the wealth of nation.

a. Gold

 

 

b. Petroleum

c. Mineral resources

 

2. Minerals resources are found in ___________________.

a. Water

b. Soil

c. Air

 

3. Petroleum is a byproduct of ___________________.

a. Crude oil

b. Engine oil

c. Diesel oil

 

4. Cement is a byproduct of ___________________.

a. Limeorange

b. Limestone

c. Limefavour

 

5. Mineral salt, zinc, copper, phosphorus and calcium are good source of ___________________.

a. Medicine

b. Protein

c. Carbohydrates

 

State the three form of minerals.

6. ___________________.

7 ___________________

8. ___________________

 

9. ___________________ is the extraction of mineral resources.

a. Exploration

b. Exportation

c. Exploitation

 

10. ___________________ is one of the consequences of over exploitation.

 

 

a. Earthquake

b. Pollination

c. Both