Our Weather – Meaning of Weather Symbols and Records | Weather Records and Charts | Effects of Global Warming Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 2 Week 3 Basic Science and Technology

 

BASIC SCIENCE (BST) 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 3

PRIMARY 6 

THEME – OUR WEATHER 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Air and Air Pressure | Properties of Air | Uses of Air Primary 6/Basic 6 Term 2 Week 2 Basic Science

 

TOPIC: OUR WEATHER 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning and Symbols of Weather

3. A Trip to Meteorological Station

4. Weather Records and Chart

5. Meaning and Effects of Global Warming

6. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. identify and write simple weather symbols.

2. observe weather changes over a period of about three weeks.

3. use the weather symbols to keep records of weather changes.

4. identify some effects of climate change on the earth.

5. prepare a weather chart.

6. name the standard weather instruments.

7. improvise simple weather instruments.

8. explain global warming.

9. evaluate the effects of climate change on the earth.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify some of the symbols of weather

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

 

1. A chart showing the weather conditions

2. A chart showing the weather instruments

3. Various sizes of cans,

4. Sheets of metal (aluminum)
5. Cutter, Wires, Stands

6. Thermometer, Tracing paper

7. Graph sheet.

8. A chat showing the weather symbols

9. Cardboard papers

10. Coloured pencil

11. Crayons

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

Take a Quiz on our Weather for Primary 4 – 6

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a particular time.

It is the conditions or the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness.

There are number of factors that can affect our weather,

 

1. Sun

2. Cloud

3. Wind

4. Temperature

5. Precipitation – rain, snow, dew, fog, mist

6. Moisture – water vapour

7. Humidity – amount of moisture in particular place and time. 

 

 

MEANING OF WEATHER SYMBOLS 

Weather symbols are graphic pictures of different weather conditions commonly used for forecasting and predicting future weather conditions.

It is one of the important of tools used in meteorological station.

 

WEATHER SYMBOLS 

The following are the common weather symbols in Nigeria,

1. Sunny

2. Rainy

3. Cloudy

4. Windy

5. Lightning or thunderstorm

For relevant pictures…

 

 

TRIP TO A METEOROLOGICAL STATION (OPTIONAL) 

Visit a meteorological station to observe and take note of how some weather’s are taken.

 

For example, temperature and rainfall.

Present all records on the chart for presentation.

 

 

LESSON 2 – MEANING OF WEATHER RECORDS 

Weather records are consistent records that are measured under specific weather condition.

For example – the daily, weekly, monthly or yearly records of surface temperature, rainfall, wind speed, etc.

 

ACTIVITY 

Get a thermometer and rain gauge for taken record of atmospheric conditions – temperature and rain gauge.

If not available, improvise as produced in the previous lesson.

 

 

TEMPERATURE 

You need the following materials:

1. A thermometer

2. Cardboard or sheet of paper

3. Pencil

4. Ruler

5. Eraser

 

ACTIVITY 

1. Choose a location in your classroom and field.

2. Read and record the temperature on the thermometer in the morning, during break period and afternoon (after school hours).

3. Read the temperatures on the sheet of paper or cardboard like the one presented below.

 

 

RAINFALL 

Rainfall is measured using a rain gauge.

 

Pupil’s Activities

1. Rain gauge or calibrate cylinder

2. Cardboard or sheet of paper

3. Pencil

4. Ruler

5. Eraser

 

ACTIVITY 

1. Choose a location in your classroom and field.

2. Placed the cylinder in the field.

3. Take the readings of every rainfall with date and time.

 

 

THE WEATHER CHART

Weather chart is the records used to analysis and forecasts weather.

 

TAKING RECORDS 

Everyday before the morning assembly record the rainfall and temperature.

Use the weather symbols, like the one as presented below.

Enter your observations and results in your workbook.

 

 

 

LESSON 3 – EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE EARTH

GLOBAL WARMING

Global warming is gradual increase in the world’s temperature.

 

The CAUSES OF GLOBAL WARMING are causes pollution and release of harmful substances such as carbon dioxide.

 

The EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING are,

1. Ice melting

2. Rising sea level

3. Shifts in animal populations

4. Spread of diseases

5. Flooding

6. Droughts

7. Storms

 

Other Method – Our Weather – Meaning and Symbols of Weather and Weather Records (Primary 4 and 6) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. Revises the previous lesson based on the pupil’s related knowledge or experience.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson review.

2. Display charts showing weather symbol.

 

3. Guides and lets pupils identify each of the weather symbol.

Pupil’s Activities – Examine and identify each of the weather symbol.

4. Uses the charts to introduce the lesson and explain the meaning of weather and its symbols.

Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction.

5. Provides and uses pictures of standard instruments to help pupils identify and name standard weather instruments.

Pupil’s Activities – Make improvise weather instruments.

4. Arranges a visit to a meteorological station.

Pupil’s Activities – Visit a meteorological state to observe and learn how to use some standard weather instruments.

5. Guides pupils to improvise weather instruments.

Pupil’s Activities – Make improvise weather instruments.

6. Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Use the improvised weather instruments to take weather records.

7. Summary the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson summary and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

 

NEXT LESSON

The Earth’s Movement – Rotation and Revolution | The Sun, Moon and Earth | Eclipse of the Sun | Sources of the Earth Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 2 Week 4 Basic Science and Technology

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

 

1. identify and draw weather symbols.

2. observe changes in our climate over a period of time.

3. use the weather symbols to keep weather records and climatic changes (using personally improvised rain gauge).

4. prepare a weather chart to cover a period of 3 weeks.

5. improvise simple weather instruments (wind vane).

6. take the records of temperature and rainfall.

identify at least 3 effects of climate change

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ______ are graphic pictures of different weather conditions commonly used for forecasting and predicting future weather conditions.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

2. ______ is one of the important of tools used in meteorological station.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

3. ______ are consistent records that are measured under specific weather condition.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

4. ______ are the fundamental basis for weather analysis and forecasts.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

5. ______ is used for forecasting and predicting future weather conditions.

 

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

 

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