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Our Weather – Meaning of Weather Symbols and Records | Weather Records and Charts Primary 4 (Basic 4) and Primary 6 (Basic 6) – Basic Science and Technology

 

BASIC SCIENCE (BST) 

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 6/PRIMARY 4 

WEEK 4/PRIMARY 6 

THEME – OUR WEATHER 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Our Weather – Meaning of Weather and Factors Affecting Weather (Primary 4 and Primary 6)

Drug Use and Abuse – Normal Use of Drugs and Abnormal Use of Drugs – Effects of Normal and Abnormal Use of Drugs (Primary 6)

 

TOPIC: OUR WEATHER 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning and Symbols of Weather

3. A Trip to Meteorological Station

4. Weather Records and Chart

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor):

1. state the meaning of weather;

2. name the standard weather instruments;

3.  improvise simple weather instruments.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can state the current season (rainy or dry).

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  •  A chart showing the weather conditions
  • A chart showing the weather instruments
  • Various sizes of cans,
  • Sheets of metal (aluminum)

 

  • Cutter, Wires, Stands
  • Thermometer, Tracing paper
  • Graph sheet.
  • A chat showing the weather symbols
  • Cardboard papers
  • Coloured pencil
  • Crayons

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

Take a Quiz on our Weather for Primary 4 – 6

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a particular time.

It is the conditions or the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness.

 

There are number of factors that can affect our weather,

1. Sun

2. Cloud

3. Wind

4. Temperature

5. Precipitation – rain, snow, dew, fog, mist

6. Moisture – water vapour

7. Humidity – amount of moisture in particular place and time. 

 

MEANING OF WEATHER SYMBOLS 

Weather symbols are graphic pictures of different weather conditions commonly used for forecasting and predicting future weather conditions.

It is one of the important of tools used in meteorological station.

 

TRIP TO A METEOROLOGICAL STATION 

Visit a meteorological station to observe and take note of how some weather’s are taken.

For example, temperature and rainfall.

Present all records on the chart for presentation.

 

LESSON 2 – MEANING OF WEATHER RECORDS 

Weather records are consistent records that are measured under specific weather condition. For example – the daily, weekly, monthly or yearly records of surface temperature, rainfall, wind speed, etc.

 

ACTIVITY 

Get a thermometer and rain gauge for taken record of atmospheric conditions – temperature and rain gauge.

If not available, improvise as produced in the previous lesson.

 

TEMPERATURE 

You need the following materials:

 

1. A thermometer

2. Cardboard or sheet of paper

3. Pencil

Ruler

4. Eraser

 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Introduction 

  • Choose a location in your classroom and field.
  • Read and record the temperature on the thermometer in the morning, during break period and afternoon (after school hours).
  • Read the temperatures on the sheet of paper or cardboard like the one presented below.

 

LESSON 3 – RAINFALL 

Rainfall is measured using a rain gauge.

Pupil’s Activities

1. Rain gauge or calibrate cylinder

2. Cardboard or sheet of paper

3. Pencil

Ruler

4. Eraser

 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Introduction 

  • Choose a location in your classroom and field.
  • Placed the cylinder in the field.
  • Take the readings of every rainfall with date and time.

 

 

Other Method – Our Weather – Meaning and Symbols of Weather and Weather Records (Primary 4 and 6) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. Revises the previous lesson based on the pupil’s related knowledge or experience.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson review.

2. Display charts showing weather symbol.

3. Lets pupils identify each of the weather symbol.

4. Uses the charts to introduce the lesson and explain the meaning of weather and its symbols.

5. Provides and uses pictures of standard instruments to help pupils identify and name standard weather instruments.

 

Pupil’s Activities – Make improvise weather instruments.

4. Arranges a visit to a meteorological station.

Pupil’s Activities – Visit a meteorological state to observe and learn how to use some standard weather instruments.

5. Guides pupils to improvise weather instruments.

Pupil’s Activities – Make improvise weather instruments.

6. Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Use the improvised weather instruments to take weather records.

7. Summary the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as instructed.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Colours – Various Colours Around Us, Components of Colour, Types of Colour and Production of Colours (Primary 4 and 6)

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. describe different symbols of weather.

2. improvise simple weather instruments (wind vane).

3. take the records of temperature and rainfall.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ____________ are graphic pictures of different weather conditions commonly used for forecasting and predicting future weather conditions.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

2. ____________ is one of the important of tools used in meteorological station.

 

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

3. ____________ are consistent records that are measured under specific weather condition.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

4. ____________ are the fundamental basis for weather analysis and forecasts.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts

 

5. ____________ is used for forecasting and predicting future weather conditions.

A. Weather records

B. Weather symbols

C. Weather charts