Change caused by Humans Activities (Pollution) – Meaning (Types) of Pollution | Meaning of Noise Pollution | Effects of Noise Pollution | Ways of Preventing of Noise Pollution Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Basic Science and Technology

Last Updated on September 1, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM

FIRST WEEK

BASIC 5

THEME: ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

PREVIOUS LESSON – Change caused by Humans Activities (Pollution) – Meaning (Types) of pollution | Meaning of Land pollution | Effects of Land pollution | Ways of Preventing of Land pollution Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Basic Science and Technology

 

TOPIC: CHANGE CAUSED BY HUMAN ACTIVITIES 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning of Noise Pollution

2. Examples of Noise Pollutants

3. Consequences of Noise Pollution

4. Prevention of Noise Pollution

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. define pollution and list some noise pollutants.

2. list common sources of pollution.

3. describe the consequences of noise pollution on the people and on the environment.

4. describe the roles of the communities, industries and oil exploration in noise pollution.

5. suggest ways of reducing the risks of pollution.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify and state water, air and land pollution.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

 

1. Photographs and charts showing noisy areas.

2. Posters/ photographs showing areas affected by oil spillage.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

Relevant Link – Change caused by Humans Activities (Pollution) – Meaning (Types) of Pollution | Meaning of Noise Pollution | Effects of Noise Pollution | Ways of Preventing of Noise Pollution Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Basic Science and Technology ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment dirty and unsafe to use. These harmful substances introduced into the environment are called pollutants.

The types of pollution we have are land, water, air and noise pollution.

 

MEANING OF NOISE POLLUTION

Noise pollution means an unwanted and undesirable sound that leads to physical and mental problems.

Noise pollution is dependent on the loudness and frequency of the sound.

 

CAUSES OF NOISE POLLUTION/NOISE POLLUTANTS 

1. Nature – Thunderstorms, lightning, earthquakes, landslides, sounds produced by animals, and rainfall.

2. Human activities

3. Public address systems

4. Generate

5. Emergency services/government sirens

6. Poor Urban Planning

7. Social Events

8. Political campaigns

9. Construction activities

10. Industrial activities

11. Religious activities

 

LESSON 2 – EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION 

1. Constant headache

2. Hypertension

3. High stress levels

4. High blood pressure

5. Hearing loss

6. Sleeplessness

 

LESSON 3 – PREVENTION OF NOISE POLLUTION 

1. Aware of the kind of noise that is harmful to oneself.

2. The use of sound proof.

3. Learn to meditate

4. Banned on public address systems.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Shows pictures of noise pollution.

Pupil’s Activities – Look at pictures of polluted noise and describe what they observe.

3. Arranges for pupils to visit industrial areas;

4. Guides pupils’ discussion on the various ways the community, industries etc. help in reducing noise pollution;

Pupil’s Activities – Visit industrial areas to observe ways industries pollute the environment.

5. Guides discussion on measures of controlling.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the discussion.

6. Summarize the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. describe pollution and list five noise pollutants respectively;

2. identify three sources of noise pollution respectively

3. state three consequences each of noise pollution on people and the environment;

4. suggest three ways of controlling or reducing the risks of noise pollution.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ________ is the presence in or introduction into the environment of a something which has harmful or poisonous effects.

A. Pollutant

B. Pollination

C. Pollution

D. Production

 

2. Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment ________ and ________ to use.

A. clean and safe

B. clean and unsafe

C. dirty and unsafe

D. dirty and safe

 

3. Pollution leads to the ________ of the air, water, or land.

A. contamination

B. contribution

C. contention

D. century

 

4. The harmful substances introduced into the environment are called ________.

A. pollutants

B. products

C. pollution

D. production

 

5. ________ means an unwanted and undesirable sound that leads to physical and mental problems.

 

A. Water pollution

B. Land pollution

C. Air pollution

D. Noise pollution

 

6. Noise pollution is dependent on the loudness and frequency of the ________.

A. sound

B. speaker

C. television

D. radio

 

7. Polluted noise is ________ for humans being in particular.

A. safe

B. save

C. unsafe

D. all the above

 

8. One of these is not way of preventing noise pollution.

A. The use of sound proof

B. Learn to meditate

C. Avoid bush burning

D. Banned on public address systems

 

9. One of these is not an effect of noise pollution.

A. High stress levels

B. High blood pressure

C. Brain cancer

D. Hearing loss

 

10. Which of these is not noise pollutant?

A. Unwanted material

B. Human activities

C. Public address systems

D. Generator

 

11. Which of these is a noise pollutant?

 

A. Brain cancer

B. Gasses

C. Sound proof

D. Public address system

 

12. Pollution is the presence in or introduction into the environment of a something which has harmful or poisonous effects.

A. True

B. False

 

13. Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment clean and safe to use.

A. True

B. False

 

14. Aware of the kind of noise that is harmful to oneself reduces noise pollution.

A. False

B. True

 

15. Banned on public address systems increases noise pollution.

A. False

B. True

 

16. Government siren is not one of the noise pollutants.

 

A. True

B. False