THEME – SOCIAL AND HEALTH ISSUES
TOPIC – OUR ROLES IN PROMOTING SAFETY IN OUR COMMUNITY
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. explain the need for safety.
2. enumerate measures that could be taken to ensure safety in the home, school,workplace and the environment.
3. list safety guidelines for pedestrians, cyclists, motorists.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Newspapers and magazine articles
2. Radio and TV and internet
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF SAFETY
Safety means keeping yourself and others free from harm or danger. For example, taking care of yourself not to fall or bump or run into things or to avoid accidents by being careful with what you are doing.
NEEDS/REASONS FOR SAFETY IN OUR ENVIRONMENT
1. To create awareness about our environment.
2. To reduce or avoid stress or injuries.
3. To use appropriate tools or equipments.
4. To prevent crisis.
5. To inform first timer.
6. To reduce or prevent risk.
7. To monitor progress, growth and development.
8. To be alert.
9. To take preventive methods.
10. To protect lives and properties.
SAFETY MEASURES IN THE HOME, SCHOOL AND WORKPLACES
To ensure safety at home, we must avoid the following –
1. By not pouring water on the floor.
2. By not keeping knives in the plates for washing.
3. By not dropping peels on the ground/ floor.
4. By not running behind the curtains.
5. By not allowing children in the kitchen.
To ensure safety at schools, we must avoid the following –
1. By picking the broken bottles from the floor/ground.
2. By not playing with sharp objects.
3. By not running on a slippery floor.
4. By not jumping on the desks and benches.
5. By staying away from electric appliances and equipments.
To ensure safety at workplaces, we must avoid the following –
1. Understand the risk involved in your work.
2. Obey safety rules.
3. Take regular break.
4. Make use of safety tools and equipments.
5. Stay away from danger zone.
6. Call for the service of expert.
7. Know your limit and right.
SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR PEDESTRIANS, CYCLISTS, MOTOR CYCLIST, MOTORISTS, ETC.
Safety Guidelines for Pedestrians
1. Walking on the left hand side facing on – coming vehicle.
2. Wearing bright coloured material while walking in the night.
3. Don’t stroll on Zebra crossing.
4. Wave or plead with drivers to allow you cross.
5. Don’t assume the driver will slow down or stop.
6. Use the pedestrian bridge.
7. Don’t play on the roads.
Safety Guidelines for Cyclists and Motor – Cyclists
1. Use of safety helmets with a face shield or protective eye wear, padded clothes, bright coloured jacket, etc.
2. Follow traffic rules.
3. Ride Defensively.
4. Make use of the cycling devices like horn, pointer lights and and full headlight at night.
5. Respect road users and obey traffic worker.
6. Be aware of everything on the road.
7. Know the rules of the road.
8. Maintain high visibility at All times.
9. Signal your intentions appropriately.
10. Maintain regular maintenance.
Safety Guidelines for Motorists
1. Use of seat belts.
2. Obeying all traffic regulations.
3. Ensure proper vehicle maintenance.
4. Always check mirrors and blind spots.
5. Know the rules of the road.
7. Signal your intentions clearly.
8. Control your lights at night.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;
2. Guides students to explain the needs and measures for ensuring safety in an environment.
Student’s Activities – Explain need for safety.
3. Lists safety guidelines for pedestrians e.g walking on the left hand side facing on-coming vehicle – wearing bright coloured material while walking in the night etc
4. Teacher demonstrates safety guidelines for road crossing.
5. Identifies safety guidelines for cyclists and motor – cyclists e.g. use of safety helmets.
b. Use of rider’s protection e.g. padded clothes, bright coloured jacket, etc.
6. Explains safety guidelines for motorists e.g.
- obeying all traffic regulations.
- ensure proper vehicle maintenance.
Student’s Activities – List safety guidelines for pedestrians, cyclists and motorists.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. explain the need for safety.
2. mention their roles in promoting safety in their homes and schools.
3. enumerate safety measures that could be taken to ensure safety in homes, schools, and workplaces.