# Meaning, Types and Effects of Force (Primary 6)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SMASE – ASEI PDSI METHOD

THIRD TERM

WEEK 5

PRIMARY 6

THEME – LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT

PREVIOUS LESSON – Simple Machines – Meaning and Advantages of Inclined Plane (Primary 6)

TOPIC: FORCES

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Force – Push and Pull

2. Types of Forces

3. Effects of Forces

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor):

1. explain forces as a push or pull;

2. give examples of forces – gravity, friction, magnetic, etc.;

3. demonstrate the effect of force on objects.

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Nails; Stones and pebbles; Rough surfaces, e.g. wood; Smooth surfaces, e.g. glass; Magnets; Batteries; Pieces of foam; Springs; Rubber bands; etc.

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

Meaning, Types and Effects of Forces – ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 6)

Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Basic Science and Technology Primary 4, Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

In the school and at home, we see many moving things. We move about on our legs, vehicles move on roads, trains on the rails, aeroplanes fly in the sky and ships sail on the seas.

Movement occurs when a force is applied on a thing or object. That is, force causes things to move.

It can also prevent things from moving.

MEANING OF FORCE

A force is a pull or push on a object. That’s, force opposed movement or causes objects to movement. For example, car’s accelerator and break or to change direction (steering).

TYPES/EXAMPLES/EVIDENCE OF FORCE

There are many types of forces, but only five are discussed below:

1. Muscular Force

2. Gravitational Force

3. Magnetic Force

4. Electrical Force

5. Frictional Force

LESSON TWO – DEMONSTRATING DIFFERENT TYPES OF FORCE

EFFECTS OF FORCE

A force acting on an object may cause the object:

1. to change shape and size.

2. to start moving.

3. to stop moving.

4. to accelerate or decelerate.

LESSON THREE – WEEKLY ASSIGNMENTS

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation.

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Shows the effects of force for pupils to observe.

Pupils’ Activities – Play with springs, magnets, batteries, rubber bands etc. to demonstrate the existence of force.

Pupils’ Activities – Describe the effect of force.

3. Guides pupils’ activity on force.

4. Pupils’ Activities – Push things in the class.

CONCLUSION

• To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson (frictional force).

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1. define force.

2. give three examples of Force.

3. describe the effect of force on materials.

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