Simple Machine (Inclined Plane) – Meaning and Advantages of Inclined Plane Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 3 Week 4 Basic Science

BASIC TECHNOLOGY

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

THIRD TERM

WEEK 4

PRIMARY 6

PREVIOUS LESSON – Simple Machine (Pulleys) – Meaning and Types of Pulley | Applications of Pulleys Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 3 Week 3 Basic Technology

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Meaning of and Examples of Inclined Plane

2. Construction of Inclined Planes

4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. explain the meaning of inclined plane.

2. give examples of inclined plane.

3. construct and use inclined plane to lift loads

3. state the advantages of inclined plane.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The pupils can identify and describe the uses of inclined plane.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Wooden plank.

2. Charts showing inclined plane and staircases.

3. Cement blocks

4. Drums

5. Nails

6. Saw

7. Hammer.

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

Simple Machines – Meaning and Advantages of Inclined Plane – ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 6)

Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Basic Science and Technology Primary 4, Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

An inclined plane is a simple machine. It allows one to use less force to move an object.

MEANING INCLINED PLANE

An inclined plane is a simple machine used to raise a load to places higher than the floor level.

EXAMPLES OF INCLINED PLANE

1. An axe

2. Wedge

3. Automatic screwdriver

4. Screw jack

5. Office chair

6. Sliding board on children playground

7. Staircase

LESSON 2 – ADVANTAGES OF INCLINED PLANE

The advantages of inclined plane are as follows:

1. An axe is used to slide wood.

2. Wedge is used to cut wood.

3. Automatic screwdriver is used to screw a nut.

4. Screw jack is used to lift up a car.

5. Office chair is used for balance and position.

6. Sliding board is used by children on playground.

7. Staircase is used to move from one floor to another.

8. Ladder is used to access a point on top.

SIMPLE CONSTRUCTION OF INCLINED PLANE (25 MINUTES)

The teacher organizes the pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class to construct simple inclined planes and demonstrate their uses.

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENTS

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation.

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Teacher organizes the pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.

3. Teacher displays chart showing different inclined planes and lets pupils to identify each inclined plane and where it can be found within and the school compound.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and discuss the uses of different inclined plans within around the school premises.

4. Teacher uses the available inclined planes in the school or around to introduce the lesson and lead a discussion on the meaning and advantages of inclined planes.

Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson and participate actively in the class discussion.

5. Teacher arranges a visit to the nearest construction site to observe the uses of different inclined planes.

Pupil’s Activities – Observe the use of inclined plane at construction sites. Use planks to make inclined plane.

6. Teacher leads a construction activities of simple inclined planes.

Pupil’s Activities – Construct and demonstrate the uses of inclined planes.

7. Teacher summarizes each of the lesson on the board with appropriate lesson introduction.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson by responding correctly to the questions and write as instructed.

CONCLUSION

• To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.