The Solar System – The Natural Body in Our Solar System – The Sun and The Nine Planets – Gravity and Weightlessness (Primary 6)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 5

BASIC 6

PREVIOUS LESSON – Our Weather – Meaning and Symbols of Weather and Weather Records (Primary 4 and 6)

Our Weather – Meaning and Symbols of Weather and Weather Records (Primary 4 and 6) ASEI PDSI METHOD

TOPIC: THE SOLAR SYSTEM 

LEARNING AREA 

1. The Natural Bodies in Our Solar System

2. The Sun and The Planets

3. Gravity and Weightlessness

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. identify and name some planets in our Solar System;

2. identify the components of the solar system their location and importance;

3. state the relationships among the earth, sun, moon other planets and the stars;

4. demonstrate that the earth exerts a pull on objects and bodies.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils are required to already have learned weather.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of picture  of :

1. people in space,

2. chart showing the solar system,

3. paper, glue/gum, scissors, clay, cardboard, stone, duster, ruler, strings, balls of different sizes.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

MacMillan Basic Science and Technology for Basic 6

Foundation of Basic Science and Technology Book 6

Online Materials – The Solar System – The Natural Body in Our Solar System – The Sun and The Nine Planets – Gravity and Weightlessness – ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 6)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

The solar system comprises of the sun and the nine (9) planets that move around it.

The earth is the third planet and the only that living things are found.

 

NATURAL BODIES IN THE SKY

The sky is the space above the earth, the components of the sky are:

1. The cloud

2. The sun

3. The moon

4. The star

 

 

LESSON TWO – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EARTH AND THE PLANETARY BODIES

The earth

The world we live in is called the earth. Scientist discovered that it is spherical like an orange. The earth is divided into three parts:

The atmosphere (The sky) – It made up of gasses that envelope or surround the the planet earth.

The cloud, the stars, the moon and the sun are found in the atmosphere. The rainfall, thunder and lightening occur there.

The air we breath in and out is part of the atmosphere.

The hydrosphere (The Water) – It is the part of the earth covered by water. Hydrosphere includes streams, rivers, lakes, lagoons, seas and oceans. Hydrosphere covers 70% of the total earth’s surface.

The lithosphere (The Land) – It is the solid part of the earth where soil, rocks, plants and animals are found.

The sun – The Sun is at the center of the solar system. It is a larger star and the main source of energy on the earth.

The moon – the moon is the earth only natural satellite. Just like the sun, it is round and gives light to the earth at night through the reflection of the sun.

The stars – Just like the sun, the stars produced light by themselves like the sun and also give light to the earth at night.

The cloud – It is a great mass of matter which contain tiny drops of water. It is usually while or grey in colour.

 

LESSON THREE – THE PLANETS

Earth, our home, is the third planet from the sun. It is the only planet known to have an atmosphere containing free oxygen, oceans of liquid water on its surface, and, of course, life.

The nine (9) planets:

1. Mercury

2. Venus

3.. Earth

4. Mars

5. Jupiter

6. Saturn

7. Uranus

8. Neptune

9. Pluto

 

 

GRAVITY AND WEIGHTLESSNESS IN SPACE

Have you discovered that whatever you throw up comes back to the ground? What responsible for this?

The force of gravity

There is a force in the centre of the earth that attracts things to the surface of the earth in the same way that magnets attract some metals.

Without the force of gravity, we will not be able to walk upright. If we jump up we will not be able to come back to the earth. We will just float about like a very light paper.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Uses charts to guide pupils to –

  • Name natural bodies in our solar system such as stars, moon, sun and Planets.
  • Describe the characteristic features of planets and also mention the new status of Pluto.
  • State the relationships among stars, planets, sun, moon, etc.;

Pupil’s Activities –

  • Name natural bodies that can be found in our Solar System;
  • Model the solar system and name the planets.

2. Uses pictures of people in space and on Earth and other simple activities to illustrate the existence and effect of gravity on objects;

Pupil’s Activities – Observe photographs of people walking in space and on land, compare them.

3. Uses Charts (or balls of various sizes placed on concentric circles) to show the location of planet Earth and other planets within our Solar System;

Pupil’s Activities – Throw stones, dusters, etc. vertically and describe what happens.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Next Lesson –

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1. Identify natural bodies that can be found in our Solar System, their location and importance;

2. Name the planets;

3. State some relationships among the earth, planets, stars, sun, and moon;

4. Demonstrate the earth’s pull on objects.

 

 

 

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