Wages and Income Distribution (Primary 6)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

SOCIAL STUDIES 

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES 

FIRST TERM

WEEK 8

PRIMARY 6 

THEME: NATIONAL ECONOMY 

PREVIOUS LESSON – LABOUR AND TRADE UNION 

TOPIC: WAGES AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

  • By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:
  1. explain the meaning of wages, income and income distribution;
  2. meaning of standard of living;
  3. relationship between work and income;
  4. reasons for the demand for wage increases.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

Employment and unemployment

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book – MacMillan Brilliant Primary Social Studies Book 
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

Ralated posts – labour and trade unions, employment, Nigerian and foreign made goods, resources development. Scheme of work – first termsecond termthird term

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

 

WAGES 

A wage is money earned or received by workers for work or services that’s paid on a daily or weekly basis.

 

SALARY

A salary is money earned or received by workers for work or services that’s paid on a monthly  basis.

 

INCOME 

Income is money earned or received by people or workers, especially on a regular basis, for work or through investments usually monthly or annually.

 

INCOME DISTRIBUTION 

Income distribution is the distribution of money among the people. If everyone earned equally, the income distribution is perfectly equally or distributed. But if one person earned all, then it is perfectly unequalled or undistributed. Income distribution is usually fall between the equal and unequal.

 

REASONS FOR DIFFERENT IN WAGES 

  1. Qualification – OND, NCE, HND, B.Sc/B.Ed, M.Sc/M.Ed, etc.
  2. Hours of work – doctors, banks, presenters, etc.
  3. Risk of work – pilots, drivers, soldiers, doctors and nurses, etc.
  4. Reward for talent – musicians, comedians, designers, professionals.
  5. Role of Trade unions – NUT, BAR, NUJ, etc.
  6. Level of productivity. 
  7. Relationship between employer and employees.
  8. Sex consideration – male and female.

 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INCOME AND STANDARD OF LIVING 

The higher the income, the higher standard of living.

 

CAUSES OF WAGES INCREASE 

  1. Inflation
  2. Trade union
  3. Incentive to workers

 

ASPECT OF INCOME MANAGEMENT 

  1. Household expenses – part of income sets aside for buying food stuff, clothing, paying for bills and house rent, children’s school fees, etc.
  2. Savings – money sets aside for future purposes – pension.
  3. Investment – money sets aside for setting up a business or investment – buying of shares.
  4. Charity – money sets aside for free will donations.
  5. Reserve – money sets aside for emergency purposes.

 

Click to Download… 

SOCIAL STUDIES Plan Lesson Note Week 8 Doc

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Explains and guides the pupils in discussing the concept of wage, salary and income;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Explain the relationship and different between wage, salary and income.
  4. Leads pupils in discussing the reasons for different wages;
  5. Pupil’s Activities – State the reasons for different in wages.
  6. Explains causes of wage increase;
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the causes of wage increase.
  8. Explains and leads the pupils in discussing the aspects of income management;
  9. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the aspects of income management.
  10. Note taking.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – employment.

 

LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT

Pupils to:

 

WORK BOOK

Attempt all the questions

 

1. _________________________ is money earned or received by workers for work or services that’s paid on a daily or weekly basis.

 

2. _________________________ is money earned or received by workers for work or services that’s paid on a monthly  basis.

 

3. _________________________ is money earned or received by people or workers, especially on a regular basis, for work or through investments usually monthly or annually.

 

4. _________________________ is the distribution of money among the people.

 

State 5 reasons for the demand for wage increases.

5. __________________________________________________

6. __________________________________________________

7. __________________________________________________

8. __________________________________________________

9. __________________________________________________

 

Mention 5 reasons for different in wages and salaries.

10. __________________________________________________

11. __________________________________________________

12. __________________________________________________

13. __________________________________________________

14. __________________________________________________

 

15. The higher the income, the _________________________ standard of living.

 

 

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