Characteristics of Types of Soil (Primary 4)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 3 – CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPES OF SOIL 

WEEK 5 – PROPERTIES OF SOIL – AS IN CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPES OF SOIL 

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE 

TOPIC: SOIL 

Soil is the upper layer of the earth where plants grow.

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to state the characteristics of each types of soil.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

Growing crops

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of soil samples – sandy, clayey and loamy.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION

Land is the solid part of the earth not covered by water. Soil is the upper layer of the earth where plants grow.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF SANDY SOIL

  1. It has large, loosely packed particles.
  2. It does not hold water.
  3. It is rough when rubbed between fingers.
  4. Crops do not grow well on sandy soil.
  5. Sandy soils are light brown.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF CLAY SOIL

  1. It has small and closely packed particles.
  2. It is smooth when dry and sticky when wet.
  3. It can hold a lot of nutrients.
  4. It does not allow air and water through it.
  5. It can hold water.
  6. Most crops do not grow well on it.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF LOAMY SOIL

  1. It is very fertile.
  2. It contains different minerals and nutrients.
  3. It has good drainage capability.
  4. It is consistency.

 

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Collects soil samples to show their characteristics.
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Observe and identify soil types.
  4. Performs simple soil experiments to show their properties.
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Collect different soil types and note their differences.
  6. Guides soil fertility discussions.
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Participate in class discussions.
  8. Collects samples of fertile soil (loamy) and non – fertile soil (sandy) in separate pots.
  9. Plants maize in the pots to illustrate effect of soil fertility level on the particles.
  10. Pupil’s Activities – Participate in carrying out the experiments set up by the teacher.
  11. Give a board summary.
  12. Note.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – characteristics of types of soil.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to –

WORK BOOK (WEEKLY ASSESSMENT)

Attempt all the questions 

 

PART A 

1. _____________ is a loose soil and crops do not grow well on it.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

2. _____________ is smooth when dry and sticky when wet.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

3. _____________ is very fertile and contains different minerals and nutrients.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

4. What is the best soil for moulding?

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

5. What is the best soil for family?

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

 

6. What is the best soil building and construction?

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

PART B

State one characteristics of

7. Sandy soil ___________________________________________________

 

8. Clay soil _____________________________________________________

 

State 2 characteristics of loamy soil.

9. ___________________________________________________________

 

10. ___________________________________________________________

 

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