Meaning and Common Plant Pests and Diseases | Ways of Controlling Plant Pests and Diseases Primary 4 (Basic 4) ASEI PDSI METHOD

Last Updated on December 26, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 4

THEME –  LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – Plants – Weeds (Unwanted Plants) | Identification and Meaning of Weeds | Importance of Weeds | Ways | of Protecting the Soil and Environment against Pollution Primary 4 (Basic 4) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

TOPIC – PESTS AND DISEASES OF CROP PLANTS 

 

LEARNING AREA 

Lesson One – Common Pests

Lesson Two – Common Diseases

Lesson Three – Control of Pests and Diseases

Lesson Four – Revision/Test

 

TIME – 40 Minutes each.

 

LEARNING OUTCOME 

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

1. Identify common pests and diseases of crop plants.

2. How to control pests and diseases of crop plants.

 

RATIONALE

A crop plants are grown and harvested for profit or subsistence. Most crop plants are cultivated in agriculture. Unlike weeds that reduce the quantity and quality of crop plants, pests and diseases don’t only reduce but also destroy crop plants.

Pests are rodents like rats, rabbits, birds, insects, etc. Some of these pests carry plants diseases.

 

 

In order to quantities and quality of crop plants, it is very important to know these common pests and diseases and how to control them.

The concept of common pests and diseases will enable pupils to know how to control pests and diseases in the farm or school garden.

 

LEARNING MATERIALS 

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Sample of crop plants eaten by pests

2. Sample of crop plants affected by diseases.

3. Charts of crop plants pests and diseases.

 

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE

The pupils have the knowledge of crop plants eaten by pests and affected by diseases but don’t know how to properly control these pests and diseases.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Lagos State Scheme of work

MacMillan Basic and Science and Technology Book 4

All Relevant Materials

Online Materials

 

LESSON PLAN/DEVELOPMENT

ASEI PDSI PLAN ON PEST AND DISEASES OF CROP PLANTS 

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 1 – COMMON PESTS doc

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 2 – COMMON DISEASES doc

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 3 – CONTROL OF PESTS AND DISEASES docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 4 – REVISION/TEST 

 

Other Materials – Meaning and Common Plant Pests and Diseases | Ways of Controlling Plant Pests and Diseases Primary 4 (Basic 4) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

TEST – Attempt all the questions 

 

1. __________ and __________ do a lot of damage to crop plants.

a. Pests

 

 

b. Diseases

c. Both

 

2. Some of the __________ are carried by pests.

a. Pests

b. Diseases

c. Both

 

3. Some pests are farmer’s friends.

a. True

b. False

c. Both

 

4. The following are the methods of controlling pests and diseases.

a. Fungi, bacteria and viruses

b. Rats, birds and insects

c. Both

 

5. ____________ affect part or entire plants.

a. Pests

b. Diseases

c. Both

 

Mention 2 types of pests

6. _____________________

7. _____________________

 

Mention 2 types of diseases.

8. _____________________

9. _____________________

 

10. What is the effects of pests and diseases on crop plants

a. Damage the crop plants

 

 

b. Weaken crop plants

c. Both

 

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