Different between Plants and Animals and Importance of Living and Non Living Things (JSS 1)

Last Updated on October 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

FIRST TERM  

WEEK 3

JSS 1

THEME: LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning and Characteristics of living and Non Livings and Importance of Plants and Animals (JSS 1)

TOPIC – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities – Meaning and Characteristics of Living and Non Living Things

2. Different between Plants and Animals

3. Examples of Living and Non Living Things

4. Uses and Importance of Living and Non Living

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. differentiate between plants and animals.

2. differentiate between living and non living things with appropriate examples.

3. state the important uses of living and non living things.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Living and Non Living Things

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Objects collected

2. Charts

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION 

Review on meaning and characteristics of living and non living things.

 

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS AND ANIMALS 

1. Movement

Plants do not move on their own, they are generally rooted in one place. While animals have the ability to move from one place to another.

2. Feeding

Plants make their own food because they contain chlorophyll. While animals depend on plants and other animals.

 

 

3. Respiration

Plants give take in carbon oxide and give out oxygen. While animals take in oxygen and give out carbon oxide.

4. Sensitivity

Plants have no ability to sense. While animals have a very high sensory and nervous system.

5. Growth

Plants continue to grow in height, size and weight throughout their life time. While animals stop to grow at a particular time.

 

EXAMPLES OF LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

As mentioned in the student’s assignment.

 

USES (IMPORTANCE) OF LIVING THINGS

1. Food – plants and animals.

2. Herbal medicine – plants and animals.

3. Raw materials for the industries – plants and animals.

4. Security – animals like dogs.

5. Pets – animals like dogs, cats, horses, etc.

6. Shelter – plants.

7. Foreign exchange – plants and animals.

8. Work – animals like bulls, cattle, etc.

9. Transportation – animals like horses, camels, donkeys, etc.

 

 

USES (IMPORTANCE) OF NON LIVING THINGS

1. It is used for building house – sand, stone, water, iron, etc.

2. It is used for making tools – iron and wood are used for making tools like hammer, screwdriver, etc.

3. It is used for making farming tools and equipments.

4. It is used for security and defence.

5. It is used for transportation – cars, boats, aeroplanes, etc.

6. It is used for making household equipments – knives, chair, etc.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; the teacher,

2. Guides class in discussion on –

  • differences between plants and animals.
  • importance of living and non living things.

Student’s Activities – Participate in the class discussion.

3. Summary of the lessons.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Classification of Non Living Things – Metal and Non Metal Materials (JSS 1)

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. differentiate between plants and animals.

2. differentiate between living and non living things with appropriate examples.

3. state 5 important uses of living things.

4. state 5 important uses of non living things.

 

 

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