Other Parts of the Surrounding – Soil, Air and Water | Meaning of Soil | Things Found in the Soil | Importance to Soil to the Animals as habitat and Foods Primary 1 (Basic 1)

Last Updated on January 11, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SECOND TERM  

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 2

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Storage of Simple Machines Primary 1 (Basic 1)

 

TOPIC – OTHER PARTS OF THE SURROUNDING – SOIL 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Soil, Water and Air

3. Things found in the Soil

4. Importance of Soil to Animals as Habitat and Foods

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. identify other parts of their surroundings – soil, air and water.

2. recognize soil as part of our environment.

3. say the meaning of soil.

4. identify things found in the soil.

5. state the uses of soil.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Soil, Water and Air

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Soil

2. Hand fan

3. Water

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION 

Copy as I write or draw as I write. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Take the pupils out for a walk within the school compound and ask them,

  • to take sample of the soil.
  • get a cup of water from the nearest water source.
  • to feel the air.

Pupil’s Activities – Active participation in the outdoor activities.

Teacher’s Activities – There are many things in our environment. We have people, plants and animals. We have houses, cars, etc. as parts of our surrounding. Also, soil, air and water are other parts of our surroundings. Give a great cheer for active participation, note the board – soil, air and water.

 

On board, copy I as write.

OTHER PARTS OF THE SURROUNDING

Other parts parts of the surrounding are –

1. Soil

 

 

2. Air

3. Water

 

INTRODUCTION TO SOIL

Teacher’s Activities – From the soil sample collected, guide the pupils to identify things in the soil.

Pupil’s Activities – Stones, leaves, death ants, water, living things (ants, etc.). Note – Things identify in the soil depend on the soil sample. 

Teacher’s remark – There are many that can be found in the soil. List things found in the soil and discuss other things that can be found in the soil. Give a great cheer for active participation. Guide pupils to describe soil, support them and note the points on the board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

MEANING OF SOIL

Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface.

 

THINGS FOUND IN THE SOIL

1. Air

2. Water

3. Leaf litter

4. Stone (small rock)

5. Death and Decay animals

6. Decay plants

7. Living organism – ants, worm, kuluso, etc.

 

LESSON 2 – USES (IMPORTANCE) OF SOIL ANIMALS AS HABITAT AND FOODS 

Teacher’s Activities – Display charts showing common like goat, chicken and rat for the pupils to identify and state the food eaten by the animals. Guide the pupils.

Pupil’s Activities – Goat eats grass and grains while chicken eats grain and pick ants, worn, etc. inside the soil.

Teacher’s remark – Food eaten by many animals grow and come from the soil. Give a great cheer for active participation and continue the discussion.

 

On board, copy as I write.

USES OF SOIL TO ANIMALS AS FOOD

Soil is very important to every living things on earth. The people, plants and animals depend on what the soil produces as food and water.

 

 

Animals depend on soil because it provides food and water.

 

USES OF SOIL TO ANIMALS AS HABITAT 

Soil also provides home and protection for the animals. Many animals like ants, worm, rats, crab, etc. live inside the soil.

 

REVISION AND WEEK LESSON ASSESSMENT 

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides pupils to identify soil, air and water as other components of the surrounding.

Pupil’s Activities – Touch and feel soil in the playground.

3. Discuss the uses of soil.

Pupil’s Activities – Active Participation in the discussion.

4. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Air Exists (Existence of Air) Primary 1 (Basic 1)

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. identify other parts of their surroundings.

2. explain soil.

3. discuss how soil is important to animals as habitat and foods.

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS

 

 

1. ______________ is the top layer of the earth’s surface.

A. Soil

B. Air

C. Water

 

2. Soil provides ______________ and ______________ for the animals.

A. home

B. protection

C. home and protection

 

3. Soil is very important to every ______________ on earth.

A. people

 

 

B. living things

C. animals

 

4. The people, plants and animals depend on what the soil produces as ______________.

A. food

B. rice

C. Bread

 

5. Soil is the ______________ layer of the earth’s surface.

A. top

B. lower

C. middle

 

 

 

 

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