JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS 1
THEME – CLASSES AND USES OF ANIMALS
TOPIC – CLASSES AND USES OF FARM ANIMALS
1. Meaning of Farm Animals
2. Types of Farm Animals
3. Basic Characteristics of Farm Animals
4. Classification of Farm animals based Size, Habitat, Mammals and Non Mammals and Stomach Types
5. Uses of Farm Animals
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. describe different forms of farm animals.
2. identify the basic characteristics of different farm animals.
3. list farm animals found in their locality.
4. classify farm animals based on size and habitat.
5. state the uses of farm animals.
Rearing of animals like chickens, dogs, goats and sheep.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Pictures/charts of various specimen of the farm animal forms like bull, goat, dog, turkey, fish, etc.
2. Charts and picture of various farm animals.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
4. Classification of Animals Based on Mode of Feeding (Primary 5 and 6)
5. Classification of Farm Animals Based on where they Live (Primary 6)
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
INTRODUCTION TO FARM ANIMALS
Farm animals are animals that are kept for agricultural purposes. This includes such domesticated animals as cows and chickens, and wild animals that are raised in confinement, including mink and fish.
TYPES OF FARM ANIMALS
1. Poultry – Chicken, Turkey, etc.
2. Aquatic – Fish, crab, crayfish, etc.
3. Pets – Dog, cat, bird, etc.
Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Guides the students to mention animals that belong to each type of animals mentioned.
BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FARM ANIMALS – Ask the students to state the characteristics of some selected farm animals such as chicken, goats, cows, etc.
DISTRIBUTION OF FARM ANIMALS IN NIGERIA
Not all farm animals are reared all over the country. Distribution of Farm Animals refers to where they can be found, or where they are commonly reared.
Farm Animals and where they can be found in Nigeria –
1. Cattle – Sokoto, Kebbi, Kano, Jigawa, Katsina, Borno, Adamawa, Taraba, Kaduna and cross river states. These regions also have sheep and goats in abundance.
2. Sheep – As in 1 above.
3. Goats – As in 1 above.
4. Pigs – All the southern states of Nigeria.
5. Poultry – All major towns in Nigeria.
6. Donkeys – Sokoto, kebbi, katsina, Kano, jigawa, Bauchi, and Borno States.
7. Fish – All states with water bodies, but the major regions are; Delta, Ondo, Rivers, Cross River, Borno state and other states close to the big Rivers in Nigeria.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE DISTRIBUTION OF Livestock IN NIGERIA
1. Vegetation type
2. Distance to water
3. Climate such as temperature and precipitation
4. Animal behavior
5. Pest and Diseases
6. Topography — Hilly, mountainous, or rocky terrain
7. Government policies
CLASSIFICATION OF FARM ANIMALS BASED ON:
A. CLASSIFICATION BASED ON SIZE
Farm Animals are classified according to their sizes. That’s farm Animals with small or large body sizes.
1. Large Farm Animals
These are animals with large body sizes. For examples, cattle, camels, horses, donkeys, etc.
2. Small Farm Animals
These are animals with small body sizes. For examples, chicken, rabbits, goats, dogs, etc.
B. CLASSIFICATION BASED ON HABITAT
1. Aquatic (Water) Animals
These are animals that lived and survived in water. For examples, fish, crabs, crocodiles, crayfish, etc.
2. Terrestrial (Land) Animals
Most farm animals live on land. These are animals that lived and survived on land. They feed and breed there. For examples, cow, dogs, chickens, etc.
C. CLASSIFICATION BASED ON MAMMALS AND NON MAMMALS
MAMMALS (Viviparous Farm Animals)
Mammals are animals that give birth to their young ones alive and have their bodies covered with hair or fur. These animals produce milk for their young. These animals are called viviparous animals. These animals are goats, dogs, cow, etc.
NON MAMMALS (Oviparous Farm Animals)
Non Mammals animals that lay their eggs in order to produce their offspring. These animals are called oviparous animals. These are chickens, fish, tortoise, etc.
D. CLASSIFICATION BASED ON STOMACH TYPES
1. Ruminant Animals
Ruminants farm animals are animals with complex stomach. They feed mostly on grass. For examples – goat, cow, sheep, etc.
2. Non Ruminant Animals
Non ruminants are other animals that feed mostly on tubers, grains, beans and fruits. For examples – pig, fish, chicken, etc.
F. FARM ANIMALS AND THEIR YOUNG ANIMALS
1. Goat – kid
2. Dog – puppy
3. Pig – piglet
4. Chicken – chick
5. Sheep – lamb
6. Cow – calf
USES OF FARM ANIMALS
Farm animals are useful to man in different ways –
1. Milk (dairy) producers – cow, buffalo, goat, camel, horse, etc.
2. Meat producers – cow, buffalo, chicken, etc.
3. Egg producers – poultry, fish, etc.
4. Work (beast of burden) – horse, donkey, mule, etc.
5. Sports and guard – chicken, dog, etc.
6. Source of hides or skin – hide or skin is an animal skin treated for human use e.g. cattle, etc.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Guides students in observing and identifying farm animals.
Student’s Activities – Observe and identify various forms of farm animals based on their district features.
3. Displays charts showing external features of some farm animals.
Student’s Activities – Familiarise self with various types of farm animals by studying the charts and pictures.
4. Explains the various uses of farm animals.
Student’s Activities – Discuss the uses of farm animals.
5. Give a board summary.
Student’s Activities – Copy the board summary.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. state the features of the different forms of farm animals.
2. list five farm animals.
3. match farm animals with their uses.
4. mention 5 location for each of the following animals – cattle, poultry, goats, sheep, pigs, etc.
5. mention 5 factors that affect the distribution of farm animals.
6. state 5 uses of farm animals..