Difference between the Arms of Government Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 6 Civic Education

 

CIVIC EDUCATION

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

SECOND TERM

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 5

THEME: GOVERNMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Importance of Arms of Government Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 5 Civic Education

 

TOPIC: ARMS OF GOVERNMENT 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Difference between the Arms of Government

3. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. differentiate between the legislative and executive arms of government.

2. differentiate between the legislative and judiciary arms of government.

3. differentiate between the executive and judiciary arms of government.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can describe each arms of government.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Photos, Video clips, Newspapers, Nigerian Constitution, Resource person

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – MEANING OF GOVERNMENT

There are three (3) arms of government, namely – executive, legislative and judiciary.

Power is shared among the three (3) arms of government to –

1. Avoid too much power.

2. Avoid abuses or dictatorship.

3. Ensure that the constitution is obeyed and not violated.

4. For orderliness, the executives enact the law while the judiciary interprets the law made by legislative.

The difference between the three (3) are the important functions performed by each of the arm of government.

 

 

DIFFERENT BETWEEN LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIARY ARMS OF GOVERNMENT 

1. FUNCTIONS 

  • Legislative makes law while executive implements the make by the legislative.
  • Executive formulates policies and laws while legislative deliberate and approved.
  • Legislative approves the policies and laws while executive signs them.
  • Executive appoints his ministers and ambassadors while legislative confirms them.
  • Legislative represents the people of their constituency while executive represents all the constituencies.
  • Judiciary interprets and protects made by legislative and executed by executive.

 

 

LESSON 2 – MEMBERS, TYPES AND HEADS OF THE ARMS OF GOVERNMENT

2. MEMBERS 

LEGISLATIVE

In Nigeria, the members of the legislative are House of Senate and Representatives.

 

EXECUTIVE

members of the executive are the president and its ministers, governors, local government, etc.

 

JUDICIARY

The members of the judiciary are the Bar Association, comprising of lawyers and the bench, as well as Magistrates and Judges.

 

3. TYPES 

LEGISLATIVE

There are two (2) of legislation – unicameral and bicameral legislations.

Unicameral has one chamber while bicameral has two (2) chambers.

In Nigeria, we practice bicameral – House of Senate and House of Representative.

 

EXECUTIVE

There also two (2) types of executive – parliamentary and presidential.

In parliamentary system, head of state is different from head of government

In presidential system, head of state is the same with the head of the government.

In Nigeria, we practice presidential system of government.

 

JUDICIARY

The members of the judiciary are the Bar Association, comprising of lawyers and the bench, as well as Magistrates and Judges.

 

4. HEAD

  • The heads of legislative are senator for house of senate and speaker for house of representative.
  • The head of the executive is the president.
  • The head of the judiciary is chief judge.

 

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. The teacher introduces the lesson by revising the previous lesson – arms of government.

2. Based on the previous lesson on important functions performed by different arms of government,

the teacher organizes the pupils in group or pairs and guide them to differentiate between the three (3) arms of government under the following – functions, members, and heads.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in group or pair activities to differentiate between different arms of government.

3. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson summary and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – necessity for division of government into three arms.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks pupils to:

1. state the three arms of government.

2. mention 4 importance of the legislative arm of government.

3. list 4 importance of the executive arm of government.

4. give 4 importance of the legislative arm of government.

5. describe the relationship between the three (3) arms of government using appropriate examples.