Meaning of Elements of Design and Principles of Design | Importance of Elements of Design and Principles of Design Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

 

CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS

FIRST TERM

WEEK 2

PRIMARY 4

THEME: ARTS AND CRAFTS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Elements of Design and Principles of Design | Elements of Design | Principles of Designs | Importance of Elements of Design and Principles of Design Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

 

TOPIC – ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF ARTS AND DESIGNS 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Elements of Design

3. Principles of Design

4. Importance of Elements of Design and Principles of Design

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. list elements of design.

2. list principles of design.

3. state the importance of elements and principles of design.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Drawing book

 

2. Illustrations and pictures showing design elements and principles

 

METHOD OF TEACHING 

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book –

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON ONE 

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Display different types of lines for the pupils to identify, guide them to use the line to form a shape like triangle, cuboid, etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify different types of lines and use straight lines form a shape.

Teacher’s remark – Good job you. Line is one of the elements of design. It is very important in design. Discuss the meaning of different elements of design, illustration with chart or shapes and summary the key points on the board.

 

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN 

Elements of design are the basic qualities that put together to make better and beautiful design.

 

Every design requires a proper use or application of these elements. The elements of design are –

1. LINE 

Lines are distant between points to form a shapes. There are different types of lines. For example – straight lines, curve lines, thin lines, thick lines, etc.

 

2. FORM 

Form is how a shape or object looks like. A shape can be in regular form or irregular form.

 

3. VALUE 

Value is the look of any design. That’s, how light or dark a shape or design should look.

 

4. COLOUR 

Colour is very important in design. Colour defined importance, create visual interest and attraction when applied effectively.

 

5. TEXTURE 

Texture refers to the surface quality in a work of art.

 

6. SPACE 

 

Space is the surface area within, around, above or below an object or objects.

 

LESSON 2 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart showing shape the fullness of lines and colours. For example – chart showing road signs for the pupils to identify and the importance of line and colour.

Pupil’s Activities – This is zebra crossing,…..

Teacher’s remark – Lines and colours have particular uses in art. Discuss the uses lines and colour.

 

IMPORTANCE OF LINE IN DESIGN 

Lines are used to –

1. create shape and pattern.

2. create a good sense of directions.

3. create beautiful decorations.

 

IMPORTANCE OF COLOUR IN DESIGN

Color is used to create:

 

1. ideas

2. expresses messages

3. spark interest

4. generate certain emotions.

 

LESSON 3 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils draw a triangle.

Note – There are different types of triangles. The purpose of these activities is let the pupils understand some of the basic principles of design that applies to different types of triangle.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the drawing activities.

Pupil’s Activities – Good job you. Comment and display chart showing different types of triangles for the pupils identify the kinds of triangle they draw. When drawing equilateral triangle, the rule is all the length must be equal. That rule is not applicable to other triangles. These rules is called principles of design.

Discuss the meaning and its importance. Summary the key points on the board.

 

MEANING OF PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN 

Principles of design are the rules followed by the designers to create effective communication to their audience.

 

These rules are ideas and guidelines used to create a meaningful design.

 

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN 

The principles of design are:

1. Balance

Balance is the systematic arrangement of design or art that attract or creates impression.

 

2. Proportion

Proportion is the relationship between design in term of size, number, etc. For example, a big fish and a small fish.

 

3. Movement

Movement is the uniqueness of all parts of a design that attract the viewers. It enables the viewers to look all the part of design. A dice is a good example.

 

4. Emphasis

Emphasis is  the special attention given to a particular part of design. For example, in term of colour.

 

5. Unity

 

Unity is when all parts of design work together as one. For example, the same colour for different sizes or same size for different colours.

 

6. Contrast

Contrast is the uniqueness and different of a design from another one.

 

7. Rhythm

Rhythm is the repeated elements of design that creates flow. For example, repeated lines, shapes or colours in a design.

 

8. Repetition

Repetition is the repeated shape, line or colour design that a design. For example, when a shape is repeated to create another shape.

 

IMPORTANCE OF ELEMENTS OF DESIGN AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN 

Principles are used –

1. To understand a work of art.

2. To define between parts of an object and its whole.

 

3. To create beautiful designs.

4. To draw attention to the points in a design.

5. To create unity between the elements of design.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Explains the meaning of elements of design.

Pupil’s Activities – State the elements of design.

3. Discuss the meaning of principles of design

Pupil’s Activities – State the principles of design

4. Summary the key points on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning of Line | Types of Lines | Importance/Uses of Lines Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. list elements of design.

 

2. list of principles of design.

3. state the importance of elements and principles of design.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ________ are the basic qualities that put together to make better and beautiful design.

A. Principles of design

B. Elements of design

C. Art of design

 

2. Every design requires a proper use or application of ________.

A. Principles of design

B. Elements of design

C. Art of design

 

3. ________ are distant between points to form a shapes.

A. Lines

B. Value

C. Form

 

4. ________ is how a shape or object looks like.

A. Design

B. Value

C. Form

 

5. ________ can be in regular form or irregular form.

 

A. Design

B. Value

C. Form

 

6. ________ and ________ are types of form in design.

A. regular and irregular forms

B. Formal and informal forms

C. Good and better forms

 

7. ________ is the look of any design.

A. Design

B. Value

C. Form

 

8. ________ defined importance, create visual interest and attraction when applied effectively.

A. Colour

B. Texture

C. Space

 

9. ________ refers to the surface quality in a work of art.

A. Colour

B. Texture

C. Space

 

10. ________ is the surface area within, around, above or below an object or objects.

 

A. Colour

B. Texture

C. Space

 

11. ________ are the rules of design.

A. Principles of design

B. Elements of design

C. Art of design

 

12. Principles of design are rules of ideas and guidelines used to create a meaningful ________.

A. design

B. value

C. form

 

13. ________ is the systematic arrangement of design or art that attract or creates impression.

A. Proportion

B. Balance

C. Unity

 

14. ________ is the relationship between design in term of size, number, etc. For example, a big fish and a small fish.

A. Proportion

B. Balance

C. Unity

 

15. ________ is the uniqueness of all parts of a design that attract the viewers. It enables the viewers to look all the part of design. A dice is a good example.

 

A. Emphasis

B. Unity

C. Movement

 

16. ________ is  the special attention given to a particular part of design. For example, in term of colour.

A. Emphasis

B. Unity

C. Movement

 

17. ________ is when all parts of design work together as one. For example, the same colour for different sizes or same size for different colours.

A. Emphasis

B. Unity

C. Movement

 

18. ________ is the uniqueness and different of a design from one another.

A. Repetition

B. Contrast

C. Rhythm

 

7. Rhythm

19. ________ is the repeated elements of design that creates flow. For example, repeated lines, shapes or colours in a design.

A. Repetition

B. Contrast

C. Rhythm

 

20. ________ is the repeated shape, line or colour design that a design. For example, when a shape is repeated to create another shape.

A. Repetition

 

B. Contrast

C. Rhythm

 

 

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