First Term Examination for Primary 5 (Basic 5) Exam Questions for All the Subjects










Once upon a time a dog was carrying a piece of meat in his mouth. Although his home was far away, He wanted to keep the meat to eat there. He did not want to share it with anyone.

On his way home, he came to a bridge over a river. As he crossed the bridge over a river, he stopped to look down at the water flowing under the bridge. He was surprised to see another dog with piece of meat in his mouth in the water below. He did not realize that it was only his reflection.

The dog snapped at his reflection hoping to grab the piece of meat he could see. Then l will have two pieces of meat he thought. As he opened his mouth, the piece of meat fell out. lt dropped into the water below and was carried off by the river. And so, the dog had nothing to eat when he got home.



Answer these question about the passage. 

1. Where was the dog going?

2. How did he cross the river?

3. What did he see in the water beneath the bridge?

4. What did the dog have to eat when he got home?

5. What lesson do you think this story teaches us?



Fill in the gaps with the correct answers. 

1. You better hurry up since you must get there _________ seven o’ clock.

[a] at

[b] in

[c] by


2. The dog ran _________ the thief.

[a] into

[b] over

[c] after



3. This is her _________ room.

[a] baby

[b] babies

[c] baby’s


4. Nna bought a few _________ of oranges for the picnic.

[a] plate

[b] create

[c] plant


5. l saw a _________ of stars in the sky last night.

[a] assembly

[b] group

[c] galaxy


6. The bag _________ was filled with money was mine.

[a] who

[b] which

[c] that


7. Pupils _________ respect their teachers.

[a] have to

[b] ought to

[c] must


8. Do not distract the driver _________ he is driving.

[a] after

[b] while

[c] when


9. He goes to football practice _________ school.

[a] after

[b] until

[c] during


10. She felt sad _________ her dog died.

[a] when

[b] lf

[c] unless


11. You _________ look, left and right before crossing the road.

[a] will

[b] should

[c] could


12. She walked into the room _________ as she could.

[a] as quietly

[b] as finely

[c] as openly


13. Alaba works _________ than Adamu.

[a] more carefully

[b] more careful

[c] most careful


14. She _________ up very early everyday.

[a] wakes

[b] wake

[c] wake down


15. My mother _________ a cake every Sunday.

[a] bake

[b] bakes

[c] baked



1. Replace the underlined words with a suitable adverb:

a. The dancers dance with grace: _________

b. My brothers go to south east Asia once a year: _________

c. The lady took care of the baby with love: _________

d. She ran out of the room all of a sudden: _________


2. Change these active voice to passive voice:

a. The girl washes the clothes; _________

b. The girl is washing the cloth; _________

c. They will send her to the clinic; _________

d. Tolu was sweeping the floor; _________



3. Choose from the words that is most appropriate in the box for each gaps below:

a. My pet cat gave birth to a _________ of kitten yesterday.

b. He learnt to hunt from a _________ of natives who lived in the jungle.

c. A _________ of people gathered to watch the magic show

d. They jumped into the pool to escape from a _________ of bees.

4. Complete these sentences using Who, Which or that:

a. The bag _________ was filled with money was mine.

b. Where is the money _________ your mother gave you?

c. The man _________ drove the car was excited.

d. Mrs Okolie _________ is a new teacher at our school taught us a greeting rhyme.


5. Use have to, ought to or must in the gaps:

a. Pupils _________ respect their teachers.

b. Do you _________ walk to school?

c. l _________ remember to phone my mother.

d. Do you _________ get to school on time.


6. Change each of these indirect to (reported) speeches to direct speech:
a. The Boy said that he had lost his pen _________.

b. Kehinde said that birds can fly _________.

c. Halimah says that she lives in a bungalow _________.

d. The student said that she was reading _________.





1. Who was mr. Boniface Edafe?

[a] Principal

[b] Doctor

[c] Nurse


2. What class of students was mr. Edafe addressing?

[a] Basic 6

[b] J. S. S. 2

[c] Out going student


3. Was the writer among them?

[a] Yes

[b] No

[c] Not at all


4. Where did the writer go?

[a] lbadan

[b] onitsha

[c] Lagos


5. The writer’s grandmother was selling _________.

[a] Rice

[b] Orange

[c] Firewood


6. Whom did the writers go to meet in Lagos?

[a] Uncle

[b] Aunt

[c] Grandmother


7. How many days was the writer expected to work for his employers?

[a] 7 days

[b] 10 days

[c] 2 days



8. What finally came around for the writer?

[a] Letter

[b] Promotion

[c] Admission letter


9. Was the writer excited?

[a] Yes

[b] No

[c] May be


10. Where did the writer have his service year?

[a] lbadan

[b] lkare Akoko

[c] Lagos



Attempt all the following questions. 

1. What was the writer’s grade in his department on graduation?

b. Explain briefly the nature of his work at the construction site.

2. What did the writer need money for the university?

3. Why was the writer worried?

4. What was the government resolve concerning corp. members for that year ?

5. Explain briefly how you can cope if faced with such situation?





1. A person who foretells the future is  _________.

[a] teacher

[b] prophet

[c] bachelor


2. A person who specialize in carrying out operations is _________

[a] occultist

[b] aorist

[c] surgeon


3. Atlantic, Antarctic, Pacific are called _________.

[a] ocean

[b] river

[c] streams


4. A widely spread disease is called _________.

[a] diseases

[b] epidemic

[c] cholera


5. A period of ten years is called _________.

[a] century

[b] millennium

[c] decade


6. A play which starts badly and end in a happy way is _________.

[a] tragedy

[b] comedy

[c] drama


Write out the opposite of each of these words:

7. Inferior _________

[a] answer

[b] superior

[c] clean



8. Polite _________

[a] wise

[b] noble

[c] rude


9. Ancient _________

[a] modern

[b] old

[c] fat


Use the opposite of each of the words printed in capitals to fill the spaces in each of the following sentences:

10. Ngozi was PRESENT yesterday but _________ today.

11. I was BLAMED for fighting, but _________ for doing well in my examination.

12. While Ola’s brother is UGLY, his sister is _________.


Write out the synonyms of each of these words:

13. Greet _________

[a] salute

[b] beg

[c] judge


14. Vacant _________

[a] high

[b] empty

[c] fat


15. Difficult _________

[a] hard

[b] junior

[c] edit



Replace the words UNDERLINED (BOLD) in each of the following with another which is similar in meaning to it.

16. We made a profit of fifty naira from the sale of the bag _________.

17. My father has a very wide table _________.

18. The sums are very hard _________.


Underline the word that does not belong to each of the groups below:

19. Yam   Cassava   Driver   Rice   Beans

20. Earth   Moon   Jupiter   Mars   Uranus

21. Uncle   Boy   Father   Mother   Brother


Complete the sentences. 

22. A person who in charge of ship is called _________.

23. A doctor who specializes in carrying out operation is called _________.

24. A person who knows about law is called _________.

25. The head of primary school is called _________.



Attempt all the following questions.

1. Arrange in alphabetical order:

a. Bold   Hard   Up   Apple   Come

b. Girl   Jug   Zoo   Scout   Rub

c. Lawyer   Carpenter   Doctor   Teacher   Nurse

d. South   West   North   Pole   East



2a. How many consonants than vowels are there in English alphabet.

b. _________ is the next consonant after the second vowel of alphabet.

c. _________ is the first consonant of the alphabet.

d. How many letter of alphabet will be left if the consonant are removed?


3. Write the similar in meaning of these words:

a. Modern

b. Vacant

c. Yearly

d. Surplus


4. Gives the general names for each set of words in the following:

i. Emir, Oba, Obi, Chief, Eze _________.

ii. Petrol, water, Ink, Kerosine, palm oil _________.





1. The product of a number multiplied by itself is called _________.

[a] square root

[b] prime factor

[c] square


2. What is square of 25?

[a] 625

[b] 50

[c] 1


3. What is the sum of the squares of 4, 8, and 10? _________.

[a] 1048

[b] 480

[c] 180



4. What is 120 divided by 10?

[a] 1200

[b] 12

[c] 2


5. Find the remainder when 24500 is divided by 3?

[a] 1

[b] 2

[c] 3


6. When a certain number is divided by 200 the result is 2 with remainder of100. What is the number?

[a] 100

[b] 200

[c] 400


7. Which of these numbers is not a prime numbers?

[a] 7

[b] 2

[c] 4


8. Change fraction to decimals 57/1000.

[a] 57.0

[b] 570.1

[c] 0.57


9. Simplify 20% to it lowest form.

[a] 20/100

[b] 2/10

[c] 1/5


10. Change 1% to decimal.

[a] 0.01

[b] 0.0001

[c] 1.01



11. A million has _________ digits.

[a] 5

[b] 6

[c] 7


12. Find the L.C.M of 10 and 15.

[a] 30

[b] 45

[c] 150


13. Circle the even numbers in the set of numbers – 1, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 14, 30, 31.


14. The ages of Tade and Tunde are 15 years and 9 years respectively express the ages as ratio in simplest form.

[a] 5:3

[b] 5:9

[c] 9:15


15. Share 250 mangoes in the ratio 2:3, What is the larger share?

[a] 150

[b] 250

[c] 750



Attempt all the following questions. 

1. Find the values of:

a. 5 % of 120 cm

b. 45% of 2000cm

c. 60% of students in a college were admitted to do science. The college admitted 120 students. How many students did science?


2a. The sales of a shop in a week were #6,612, #5,330, #4, 033, #708 and #6,035. What was the total sales for the week.

b. Find the cost of 25 books, lf each lost #7.75.

c. Find the product of 276 and 32.



3. The parents of Olu Ayo and lge gave them #30,000 to share in the ratio 4 : 5 : 6.
a. How much does each get?

b. Who get the biggest share?

c. Who got the smallest share?


4. Find the value of each of the following:

a. 5 – 4

b. 8 + 15

c. 9 x 36


5. Divide:

a. 682 by 50

b. 799 by 10

c. 6378 by 20





Answer all the following questions. 

1. _________ is the contamination of the environment.

[a] Renewal

[b] Sanitation

[c] Pollution


2. Which of these diseases can be caused by contamination of water?

[a] Headache

[b] Lice

[c] Cholera


3. Air pollution can lead to _________.

[a] HIV

[b] headache

[c] lung infection


4. _________ can help prevent land pollution.

[a] Environmental pollution

[b] Environmental sanitation

[c] Flooding



5. Noise is a/an _________ sound.

[a] pleasant

[b] organized

[c] unpleasant


6. _________ lowers the level of soil by wearing it away.

[a] pollination

[b] Erosion

[c] Hygiene


7. Which of these is not a type of pollution?

[a] Water

[b] Air

[c] Grass


8. _________ means the same as environment.

[a] Heaven

[b] Surroundings

[c] Science


9. We should live in a _________ environment.

[a] healthy

[b] dirt

[c] dangerous


10. A good quality of healthy environment causes disease.

[a] True

[b] False

[c] Maybe


11. A poor quality environment can be made better by _________.

[a] littering

[b] pollution

[c] cleaning



12. _________ can help to improve the quality of the environment.

[a] Dirt

[b] Cleanliness

[c] Erosion


13. There are _________ types of waste

[a] 2

[b] 3

[c] 10


14. A _________ is a container for house hold refuse.

[a] pocket

[b] drum

[c] dustbin


15. Improper disposal of waste can lead to _________.

[a] health

[b] pollution

[c] clean place



Attempt all the following questions. 

1. Define Environmental Quality.

b. Mention 2 advantages of healthy environment?


2. Define Erosion.

b. List 4 types of erosion.


3a. List 3 types of waste.

b. State 3 effect of improper waste disposal.


4. What is Pollution?

b. State 2 effect of water pollution:


5. Identify 2 ways land pollution can be prevented.





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. Which of these is not a component of a computer system?

[a] Hardware

[b] Software

[c] Semiware


2. The component part of a computer system that can be seen and touches is called _________.

[a] hardware

[b] userware

[c] software


3. All these are classification of computers by types except _________.

[a] super

[b] digit

[c] analog


4. _________ is an example of analog computer.

[a] Abacus

[b] Saw

[c] Speedometer


5. There are _________ generations of computers.

[a] 5

[b] 4

[c] 3


6. Computer users do not include _________.

[a] operators

[b] programmers

[c] corpses


7. There are _________ sizes of computers.

[a] 5

[b] 4

[c] 8



8. _________ computer are the fastest and biggest.

[a] Super

[b] Mini

[c] Micro


9. Which of these is not an example of personal computers?

[a] laptop

[b] super computers

[c] desktop


10. PC means _________.

[a] public corporation

[b] personal company

[c] personal computer


11. _________ computers are the smallest.

[a] Main frame

[b] Micro

[c] Mini


12. _________ is an example of analog computer.

[a] Stop watch

[b] Abacus

[c] Speedometer


13. _________ controls other component part of a computer system.

[a] Control ware

[b] Users

[c] Semiware


14. Special purpose and _________ purpose are the classes of computers.

[a] room

[b] mini

[c] general



15. _________ is an example of computers used in bank.

[a] Radio

[b] Automated Teller Machine

[c] Thermometer



Attempt all the following questions. 


A. Mention the 2 classes of computer purpose.

B. State 5 places where computer can be used.



Briefly explain,

A. the super computer

B. the mainframe computers



A. Define mini computer

B. Mention 2 examples of mini computer:



A. What is micro computer?

B. State 3 examples of micro computers.



A. What is computer system?

B. List 3 component of computer system:





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. High Jump is a good example of _________ events.

[a] indoor

[b] court yard

[c] field


2. To be able to perform high jump, one needs to know its _________.

[a] skills

[b] injuries

[c] inventor



3. Activities with regular pattern of sound, movements or events are called _________.

[a] irregular activities

[b] disorder activities

[c] rhythmic activities


4. _________ is a walking in a military manner with a regular thread.

[a] Marching

[b] Galloping

[c] Hopping


5. _________ is not a rhythmic activity.

[a] Throwing

[b] Matching

[c] Galloping


6. Volleyball started in the united states of America in _________.

[a] 1895

[b] 1826

[c] 2618


7. It was started by _________.

[a] Lord Luggard

[b] Bandy Orton

[c] William Morgan


8. The playing court is measured _________.

[a] 26m by 14m

[b] 26m by 28m

[c] 12m by 12m


9. A person who engages in long jump is called a _________.

[a] runner

[b] jumper

[c] footballer


10. Rhythmic activities are forms of exercise.

[a] True

[b] False

[c] True and False



11. The approach run skill is also known as _________.

[a] the flight

[b] recovery

[c] run up


12. To be able to perform high jump one needs to know its _________.

[a] skills

[b] injuries

[c] inventor


13. Volley ball is a game played by _________ teams of _________ players on each side.

[a] 2, 6

[b] 2, 4

[c] 2, 2


14. Hockey game was introduced into Nigeria by _________.

[a] European

[b] Government

[c] Association


15. Volleying involves the ball with both _________.

[a] legs

[b] hands

[c] ears



Attempt all the following questions. 

1. What is volley ball?


2a. In what year basket ball commenced in Nigeria?

b. List 5 equipment used in basket ball.


3a. Define football.

b. Mention 3 skill in football.


4. What is personal health care?

b. Enumerate 4 material for caring for hair.


5. Identify 3 materials for caring of teeth.





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. _________ are animal that can swallow food and bring it back to the mouth.

[a] militant

[b] important

[c] ruminant


2. There are _________ processes of soil formation.

[a] 3

[b] 5

[c] 6


3. Life stocks are _________ animals.

[a] farm

[b] forest

[c] water


4. Which of these is planted at the beginning of the rainy season?

[a] yam

[b] bananas

[c] palm nut


5. Which of these is an example of monocots?

[a] maize

[b] beans

[c] grass


6. Dicotyledon plants has _________.

[a] two cotyledon

[b] one cotyledon

[c] three cotyledon


7. _________ is a fruit crop.

[a] Yam

[b] Cassava

[c] Banana



8. An example of cloth making crop is _________.

[a] maize

[b] cotton

[c] okro


9. Legumes are _________.

[a] protein rich grains

[b] vitamin rich games

[c] sugar rich games


10. Dicotyledonous plants pollinate by _________.

[a] wind

[b] insects & birds

[c] animals


11. The uppermost part of the earth where plant grow is _________.

[a] soil

[b] salt

[c] sink


12. Which of these make soil formation possible?

[a] lighting

[b] weathering

[c] singing


13. _________ till the soil for farmers.

[a] Ant

[b] Earthworm

[c] Cricket


14. Crop with one setting is called _________.

[a] Multicotledon

[b] Monocotyledon

[c] Dicotyledon


15. _________ is a type of soil.

[a] loamy

[b] milky

[c] icy




Attempt all the questions in this section. 

1. What is farm animal?

b. List 4 examples of farm animal.


2. Mention four classification of farm animal.


3. What is soil?

b. Write 4 agents of soil formation.


4a. Define monocot and dicot crops:

b. Write 2 examples of each dicotyledonous plants.


5. Define:

i. Annuals crops _________

ii. Biennials Crops _________

iii. Perennial crops _________





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. _________ is a substance for rubbing surfaces to make them shine.

[a] stone

[b] water

[c] polish


2. A bucket is a _________.

[a] furniture

[b] plant

[c] container


3. _________ is an example of home made cleaning agent.

[a] Scouring powder

[b] Stone

[c] Tooth paste



4. We make a surface to make it _________.

[a] rough

[b] smooth and shine

[c] crook


5. _________ cannot be used to make a cemented surface clean.

[a] water and  soap

[b] water and brush

[c] machine and cutlass


6. All these tools can be used to clean surfaces except _________.

[a] brush

[b] sponge

[c] hammer


7. House hold pests are _________ insects and animals.

[a] friendly

[b] harmful

[c] useful


8. _________ is not an example of house hold pest.

[a] Mosquito

[b] Bedbug

[c] Cow


9. House hold pests often carry and spread _________.

[a] health

[b] diseases

[c] wealth


10. _________ are chemical substances used to fight and prevent insects.

[a] Water

[b] Insecticide

[c] Polish



11. Rats and rodents can cause _________.

[a] headache

[b] malaria

[c] lassa fever


12. _________ is not a type of surface in the home.

[a] Terrazzo

[b] Tarred road

[c] Tiles


13. _________ floor is made of mixture of cement, sand, gravel and water.

[a] concrete

[b] mud

[c] granite


14. One of the disadvantages of wooden floor is _________.

[a] durable

[b] flammable

[c] beautiful


15. The last step in the preparation of home made polish is _________.

[a] bleaching of oil

[b] leaving to cool

[c] addition of grated bar soap



Attempt all the following questions. 

1a. Mention 3 advantages of concrete surface.

b. Define concrete surface.

c. List 2 ways concrete surface can be cleaned.


2a. Define wooden surface.

b. Write 2 advantages of wooden surfaces.

c. Mention 2 reasons for cleaning wooden surface.



3a. What is pest?

b. State 2 ways household pest can be prevented.


4. Enumerate 3 effects of pest in the home.


5a. Define bucket.

b. List 3 materials need in caring for bucket.





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. In whose image did God create man?

[a] satan’s image

[b] His own image

[c] animals image


2. The story of creation is found in the book of _________.

[a] Exodus

[b] Ezekiel

[c] Genesis


3. God gave man _________ over other creatures.

[a] dominion

[b] anger

[c] age


4. God promises in matt 6 : 25 – 36 to _________.

[a] Kill us

[b] supply all our needs

[c] enslave us


5. We reach God by our _________.

[a] telephones

[b] satellite

[c] prayer


6. Jehovah Jireh means God our _________.

[a] healer

[b] provider

[c] rock



7. At creation, God planted a _________ for Adam in Eden.

[a] stone

[b] flower

[c] garden


8. We work to _________.

[a] become weak

[b] earn a living

[c] die young


9. When created, man had _________ spirit.

[a] God’s

[b] devil’s

[c] ghost’s


10. God made human beings in two sexes male and _________.

[a] animal

[b] monster

[c] female


11. God provides man with all these except _________.

[a] food

[b] pleasure

[c] bad health


12. List two things God provides for us _________ and _________.


13. Who delivered Daniel fro the lion’s den?

[a] king

[b] God

[c] Mother



14. Danger means _________.

[a] sorrow and happiness

[b] liability or exposure to harm

[c] anger


15. God loves someone who works _________.

[a] lazily

[b] sluggishly

[c] hard



Attempt all the following questions. 

1. List five things God provides for us.

b. Define work.


2. Mention 5 people in the bible who rescue from danger.

b. Enumerate 5 type of work people do?


3. State five things man can create.

4. Give the detail account of God’s creation from day one to seven.

5. Identify 3 reason why man must work?





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. A _________ is a building for people to live in, usually for a family.

[a] Workshop

[b] Stadium

[c] House


2. Who among these people builds the wall of a house?

[a] Surveyor

[b] Architect

[c] Bricklayer


3. A _________ roofs houses.

[a] Carpenter

[b] Bricklayer

[c] Welder


4. _________ workers should be employed in house construction.

[a] Lazy

[b] Professional

[c] Sick


5. The government should always provided _________ services.

[a] inferior

[b] poor

[c] quality


6. A disaster is _________.

[a] a good happening

[b] great or sudden misfortune

[c] Good news


7. Which of these agencies is in charge of natural disasters in Nigeria?

[a] EFCC

[b] NEMA

[c] WHO



8. Natural disasters affect _________ in a country.

[a] many people

[b] a person

[c] few people


9. We should show _________ towards victims of natural disasters.

[a] love

[b] anger

[c] malice


10. Shelter, food and _________ are basic necessities of life.

[a] jewelry

[b] car

[c] clothing


11. Regular payment of taxes can also help the government in the provision of services.

[a] True

[b] False

[c] Maybe


12. Which of these is not a reason why government is unable to provide service?

[a] Over population

[b] Poor revenue generation

[c] Low population


13. Poor services would make people _________.

[a] happy

[b] unhappy

[c] patriotic


14. Provision of social amenities is the sole responsibility of the _________.

[a] people

[b] government

[c] foreigners


15. _________ is not a quality of a good leader.

[a] Honesty

[b] Financial

[c] Corruption




Attempt all the following questions. 

1. Enumerate 5 problem created by bad leadership in Nigeria.

b. Mention 2 ways bad leaders can be checked.


2a. Define Natural disaster.

b. List 4 effect of natural disasters.


3. State 3 help toward the victims of natural disasters.

4. Mention 3 ways we can help government to provide services.


5. What is a house?

b. Give 2 reasons why some people did not own house?





Answer all the questions in this section. 

1. A child of one’s uncle or aunt is one’s _________.

[a] nephew

[b] niece

[c] cousin


2. A male child of one’s brother or sister is one’s _________ while the female is one’s.

[a] cousin/nephew

[b] niece/orphan

[c] nephew/cousin


3. Which of these is not an obligation of other members of the family?

[a] correcting misbehaviors

[b] teaching culture

[c] cause trouble



4. All these are parts of customs and traditions of people except _________.

[a] dressing styles

[b] running styles

[c] hair styles


5. Who stopped the killing of twins in Nigeria?

[a] President Buhari

[b] Mary Slessor

[c] Pastor Adeboye


6. Responsible parenthood will promote _________ in family.

[a] love

[b] hatred

[c] disagreement


7. Which of these is not a major ethnic group in Nigeria?

[a] Tiv

[b] Hausa

[c] Yoruba


8. _________ is not an example of sexually transmitted diseases.

[a] Malaria

[b] Gonorrhea

[c] Syphilis


9. All these are sources of HIV infections except _________.

[a] sexual intercourse

[b] hand shake

[c] tooth brush


10. The union of two people a man and a woman in traditional ways is called _________.

[a] modern

[b] shrine

[c] tradition



11. Christian marriage is guided by _________.

[a] Quran

[b] Holy bible

[c] Dictionary


12. Unity in cultural diversity refers to _________.

[a] hatred

[b] oneness in spite of cultural different

[c] disunity


13. There are _________  geopolitical zones in Nigeria.

[a] 3

[b] 5

[c] 6


14. Traditional marriage allows a man to marry _________.

[a] only one wife

[b] his mother

[c] many wives


15. Religious intolerance can lead to _________.

[a] unity

[b] unfriendly relations

[c] unity


SECTION B – Attempt all the questions.


A. Explain the term religion.

b. Enumerate the problem of religion intolerance.



A. List 3 roles of religion in development:



A. What is traditional marriage?

B. Mention 3 feature of church marriage.

C. Identify 3 responsibility of parenthood in marriage.



A. State 3 culture that needed to be change.



A. Writes the full meaning of these words:

i. STDs _________

ii. STIs _________

iii. AIDs _________

iv. HIV _________

B. Write 2 effect of:

i. STDs

ii. STIs

iii. AIDs