RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES
THEME – SOCIAL AND HEALTH ISSUES
PREVIOUS LESSON – Identification of Modern Drugs – Meaning and Types of Modern Drugs (Primary 3)
TOPIC – TRADITIONAL HERBS
1. Introductory Activities
2. Meaning of Traditional Herbs
3. Types of Traditional Herbs
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. identify and explain the meaning of traditional drugs.
2. state the types of traditional drugs.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Pupils’ textbook.
2. Pictures or photographs that show different categories of drugs.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Displays sample or chart showing some traditional herbs commonly used in our community for pupils identify and describe.
Listen to them and support their points.
Traditional drugs or herbs are found in nature.
Naturally occurring drugs e.g. honey, salt, alcohol, caffeine in Kolanut, bitter leaf, palm wine, etc.
These drugs occur in nature. They are products of plants or animals.
Traditional drugs are commonly known as HERBS.
EXAMPLES OF TRADITIONAL DRUGS
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Based on the given assignment, asks the pupils to state the examples of traditional drugs.
TYPES OF TRADITIONAL DRUGS
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Displays sample or chart showing modern drugs in liquid, solid and powder for pupils to identify and differentiate.
Teacher’s remark – Traditional drugs are inform of –
1. Liquid herbs
- Most of traditional drugs (herbs) are inform of liquid used for piles, fever, pain relief, etc. Also in form of fruits taken directly or juice out.
2. Solid herbs
- There are herbs in solid form called concoction and they are normally eaten or swallowed cooked or raw. For examples, kola nut, bitter kola, seeds, vegetables, etc.
3. Powder herbs
- Powder herbs are mixed with water, pap or other liquid or solid foods before taken. While other are sniffed or smoked and used as seasonal for cooking, e.g. salt.
A Visit to a traditional herbal center and experience how different types of herbs are made and uses.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Collects and brings samples of drugs to the class;
Pupil’s Activities – Make a list of natural substances that are drugs.
3. Arranges class visit to a traditional herbal center;
Pupil’s Activities – Visit a traditional herbal center and experience how drugs are made.
4. Guides class discussions to identify naturally occurring drugs such as alcohol, clay (kaolin) ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in lime, lemon, etc.
Pupil’s Activities – Squeeze lime juice on pieces of raw meat, fresh vegetables etc. observe and record their findings.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. identify and explain the meaning of traditional herbs.
2. state 3 types of herbal medicines with examples.