Internal Parts of Motor Vehicle | Functions of the Internal Parts of Motor Vehicles (Cars) Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 3 Week 8 Basic Science and Technology
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – UNDERSTANDING BASIC TECHNOLOGY
PREVIOUS LESSON – WEEK 7 – MID TERM TEST AND BREAK, WEEK 8 – Meaning of Magnetism | Properties and Uses of Magnetism Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 3 Week 6 Basic Science and Technology
TOPIC – ETERNAL PARTS OF MOTOR VEHICLE
2. Basic Motor Parts (Internal)
3. Functions of Internal Parts of Motor Vehicles
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. identify and name the internal parts of motor vehicle.
2. state the functions of internal parts of motor vehicle.
The pupils can identify some of the internal parts of motor.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of chart showing different internal parts of a car.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
Related posts, Internal Parts of Motor Vehicle | Functions of the Internal Parts of Motor Vehicles (Cars) Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 3 Week 7 Basic Science and Technology
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
A vehicle is a machine used to carry people or goods from place to place on land, water or in the air.
The following are types of vehicles – wagon, bicycle, motor vehicle, etc.
A motor vehicle is an automotive vehicle such as motorcycles, cars, trucks and buses.
EXTERNAL PARTS OF MOTOR VEHICLE
The external parts of motor vehicle are as follows:
- Body shell
- Doors and their handles
- Side mirrors
- Turn signal
- License plate
- Seat belt
- Fuel gauge
- Temperature gauge
- Car trip meter, etc.
INTERNAL PARTS OF MOTOR VEHICLE
The internal parts of motor vehicle are as follows:
2. Break pedal
3. Hand break
4. Clutch pedal
6. Fuel guage
7. Window and door lock control
8. Ait ventilation control
9. Turn signal buttons and indicators
10. Air view mirror
11. Car audio/radio
12. Emergency flashers
13. Glove box
14. Accelerator pedal
16. Cup holder
17. Floor carpets
18. Seats and seat belts
LESSON 2 – FUNCTIONS OF THE INTERNAL PARTS OF A CAR
A steering is the wheel that the driver holds and turns to control the direction of a car.
It is also known as the driving wheel or handwheel.
2. BRAKE PEDAL
A brake pedal is the pedal that makes a car go slower or stop.
3. HAND BREAK
A handbrake is also known as parking break or emergency break.
It is called parking break because it keeps the car from moving after parking.
It is called emergency break because it is used to stop a car if the main brakes fail.
4. CLUTCH PEDAL
A clutch pedal is the pedal connects or disconnect between the car’s engine from transmission.
When the clutch pedal is not pressed down, there is a connection between the engine and transmission.
But, when the clutch pedal is no pressed down, there is a disconnection between the engine and transmission.
It is only found a manual car.
A speedometer is a device that displays the speed of a car.
6. FUEL GAUGE
A fuel gauge is a device that shows the amount of fuel in a fuel tank.
7. WINDOW AND DOOR LOCK CONTROL
Wind and door lock control are the buttons that open or close the window or door automatically or manually.
8. AIR VENTILATION CONTROLS
Air ventilation controls are the devices that control the air conditioner.
It is used used to regulate or control the warm air coming from the engine and cool air from air conditioner.
9. TURN SIGNAL BUTTONS AND INDICATORS
Turn signal buttons are the buttons that turn on the signal indicators and lights.
It sends signal to the driver and other road users indicating right turn or left turn direction.
LESSON 3 – FUNCTIONS OF INTERNAL PARTS OF A CAR
10. REAR VIEW MIRROR
Rear view mirror is designed to allow the driver see through the cars rear window.
11. CAR RADIO/AUDIO
Car radio/audio is used for entertainment and information for the passenger.
It is also used for making or receiving calls.
The car radio/audio comes with the following functions – Fm radio, cassette CD or DVD player, bluetooth, navigation system, etc.
12. EMERGENCY FLASHERS
Emergency flashers are also known as hazard lights.
They are activated when a driver pushes the button or switch and automatically turn on all the four signal lights warming other drivers that a car is parked on the side of the road.
13. GLOVE BOX OR STORAGE COMPARTMENT
Glove box is used for miscellaneous.
14. ACCELERATOR PEDAL
The accelerator pedal is also known as the gas pedal.
It is used to control the amount of gas pumped and the speed of the car.
Slowly push gradually accelerate the car.
15. GEARBOX OR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Gearbox is found on the centre of the car.
It can be manual or automatic.
The driver uses the gearbox to manually to shift the gears as he/she accelerate or slow down the car.
There is no clutch pedal and gear shift n an automatic transmission car.
Once the transmission is put to drive (D), everything else is automatic.
16. BEVERAGE OR CUP HOLDER
Cup hold is used to hold hold drinks, food, and any small things you want to keep.
17. FLOOR CARPET
Floor carpet prevents dirt and water from the driver’s or passenger’s shoes to spread inside the car.
18. SEAT AND SEAT BELT
There are two (2) types of seats – driver and passenger seats.
Each of the seat comes with safely belts normal called seat belt.
A seat belt is a safety device that keeps everyone in the car safe during accident or a sudden emergency stop of the vehicle.
REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENTS
As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher organizes the pupils in groups or pair depending on the size of the class.
3. Teacher displays chart showing a car or uses one of the staff’s car, if available.
4. Teacher asks pupils as a group or pair to identify and the eternal parts of car as taught in primary 4 – Meaning and Types of Vehicles | External Parts of Vehicle | Advantages (Uses) and Disadvantages of Cars Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 3 Week 4 Basic Science and Technology
Pupil’s Activities – Identify, name and describe the functions of eternal parts of car as in primary 4 lesson.
5. Teacher listen to the pupils and uses their responses to introduce the lesson.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the internal parts of a car.
6. Teacher leads the groups and pairs to identify and name the internal parts of a car.
7. Teacher lets pupils describe some of the functions of the internal parts of a car.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and describe some of the internal parts of a car.
8. Teacher explains and demonstrates some of the functions of the internal parts of car using a car if available. Please, procedure with caution.
Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the teacher’s explanation to demonstrate some of the functions like glove box, teacup hold, floor carpets, window and door lock controls, hazard button, signal buttons and indicator, air ventilation controls.
Note – Teacher ensures that you keep your pupils from accelerator pedal if the car is on. Also, make sure that the emergency break is active.
9. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board with appropriate evaluation.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- Next Lesson – Body Image and Self Esteem – Concept of Body Image | Features of Body Image Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 3 Week 9 Basic Science and Technology
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. Identify 5 internal parts of a car.
2. state the functions of the following:
- Break pedal
- Hand break
- Clutch pedal
- Fuel guage
- Window and door lock control
- Air ventilation control
- Turn signal buttons and indicators
- Air view mirror
- Car audio/radio
- Emergency flashers
- Glove box
- Accelerator pedal
- Cup holder
- Floor carpets
18. Seats and seat belts
3. differentiate between brake pedal and handbrake.
4. state the different between air conditioning and air ventilation controls.
5. differentiate between manual and automatic gear.
6. state the different between emergency flashers and signal lights.
7. differentiate between fuel gauge and speedometer.
8. state the relationship between seats and seat belts.
9. differentiate between the driver’s seat and passenger’s seats.