Land and Soil – Meaning of Land | Meaning (Types) of Soil Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

Last Updated on August 24, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

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AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 2 

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – Third Term Agriculture Plan Lesson Notes for Primary 3 (Basic 3)

 

TOPIC: LAND AND SOIL 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Land

3. Meaning (Types) of Soil

4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. differentiate between land and soil.

2. list soil types.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify and state the importance of land and soil.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of soil samples – sandy, clayey and loamy.

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METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Soil is one of the essential components of land. It consists of particles of rock, different kinds of soil and organic material.

Land is the surface area of the earth which is not covered by water.

 

MEANING OF LAND

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Land is the solid part of the earth not covered by water.

 

MEANING OF SOIL 

Soil is the upper layer of the earth where plants grow.

There are three (3) major soil,

  • Sandy soil
  • Clay soil
  • Loamy soil

 

LESSON 2 – TYPES OF SOIL

1. CLAY SOIL 

Clay soil is the solid parts of the soil used for moulding and building of houses.

 

2. SANDY SOIL

Sandy soil is the loose parts of the soil used for building of houses and construction of roads.

 

2. LOAMY SOIL 

Loamy soil is the best parts of the soil used for growing crops.

It combines the good parts of clay and sandy.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Collects soil samples to show their characteristics.

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Pupil’s Activities – Observe and identify soil types.

3. Summary the key points on the board.Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Soil Types – Characteristics of Sandy Soil | Characteristics of Clay Soil | Characteristics of Loamy Soil Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to – 

1. Differentiate between land and soil?

2. Mention 3 types of soil.

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. _____ is the solid part of the earth not covered by water.

A. Soil

B. Earth

C. Land

 

2. _____ is the upper layer of the earth where plants grow.

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A. Soil

B. Earth

C. Land

 

3. There are _____ types of soil.

A. Two

B. Three

C. Four

 

4. _____ is the loose parts of the soil used for building of houses and construction of roads.

A. Loamy soil

B. Sandy soil

C. Clay soil

 

5. _____ is the best parts of the soil used for growing crops.

A. Loamy soil

B. Sandy soil

C. Clay soil

 

6. _____ Clay soil is the solid parts of the soil used for moulding and building of houses.

A. Loamy soil

B. Sandy soil

C. Clay soil

 

7. The mixture of clay and sandy is _____.

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A. Loamy soil

B. Sandy soil

C. Clay soil

 

8. _____ is one of the essential components of land.

 

9. Land is the _____ of the earth which is not covered by water.

A. surface area

B. top area

C. lower area

 

10. Land is the surface area of the earth which is not covered by _____.

A. soil

B. rock

C. water