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Leadership – Meaning and Types of Leadership | How Can a Leader be Selected | Functions and Formation of Political Parties | Characteristics of Good and Bad Leadership Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Term 2 Week 1 Social Studies

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

SECOND TERM

WEEK 1

PRIMARY 5

THEME – LEADERSHIP

PREVIOUS LESSON – FIRST TERM EXAMINATION LINKS FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS

 

TOPIC: LEADERSHIP 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introduction

2. Meaning and Types of Leadership

3. How can a Leader be Selected

4. Functions and Formation of Political Parties

5. Characteristics of Good and Bad Leaders

6. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. explain the concept of leader and leadership.

2. explain types of leadership.

3. list means of selecting a leader.

4. state functions of political leaders.

5. state how political parties are formed.

6. state characteristics of a good and bad leadership.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify some of the leaders in their locality.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Picture of Good leaders in the nations and locality.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4.. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

WHO IS A LEADER? 

Leader is the person who leads a group, organization, or country.

 

EXAMPLES OF A LEADER 

1. In the school

The head teacher and assistant head teacher, teachers, the school prefects and the all the class captains.

 

2. At home

Our father and mother and all those who are older than us.

 

3. In our community

The obas and community chairman.

 

4. In our nation

The president, vice president and their cabinets, the senators and house of representatives, the governor, deputy governor, the speakers, ministers, local government chairman, etc.

 

MEANING OF LEADERSHIP 

Leadership is an act of leading people to achieve goals.

 

TYPES OF LEADERSHIP 

1. Democratic leaders

2. Autocratic leaders

3. Laissez faire

4. Traditional leader

5. Military leader

6. Religious leaders

 

LESSON 2 – HOW CAN A LEADERSHIP BE SELECTED? 

Leaders are selected by –

1. Election

2. Next of kins

3. Birth

4. Line of succession

5. Qualification

6. Loyalty

7. Hardworking

8. Expertise

9. Experience

10. Competencies

 

FUNCTION OF POLITICAL LEADERS 

1. Political parties identify the needs of the people, which must be satisfied by the government.

 

2. They select and sponsor political leaders for various public offices.

3. They ensure that winners fulfil their election promises.

4. They let people of the country know how to vote for the right candidates.

5. They ensure peace and monitor the political activities of elected officials.

6. They discipline (punish) members who have disobeyed the rules of the party.

7. They prepare a plan on how to rule if the party wins.

 

FORMATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND CHANGES 

Political parties are usually formed through the following steps:

1. A group of people come together and agree to form a political party.

2. These people choose a leader and other officers to work for the party.

3. The people open an office in the capital city of the country, to be known as the headquarters of the party.

4. They set up offices in all the states in the country.

5. They apply to the electoral commission for registration.

6. If the electoral commission finds out that the proposed party has met all the requirements, the party is registered.

 

LESSON 3 – CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD 

1. Honesty and integrity

 

2. Confidence

3. Inspire others

4. Commitment and passion

5. Good communicator

6. Creativity and innovation

7. Decision-making capabilities

8. Accountability

9. Delegation and empowerment

10. Empathy

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF A BAD LEADER

1. Dishonesty

2. Lack of integrity

3. Fear

4. Lack of inspiration

5. Lack of commitment

6. Loss of passion

7. Inability to make proper decisions

8. Corruption

9. Lack of accountability

10. Inability to support and share the feelings of another

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Asks pupils the following questions –

 

  • Who is Buhari? Expected responses – the president
  • Who is Oshinbajo? Expected responses – the vice president
  • Who is Sanwo – olu? Expected responses – the governor of Lagos State
  • Who is ________ (name of the school headteacher and assistance headteacher)? Expected responses – the headteacher and assistance headteacher
  • Who is ________ (name of the school head boy and head girl)? Expected responses – the head boy and head girl

Pupil’s Activities – Respond the the questions.

2. Uses the introductory questions and pupil’s responses to introduce the lesson to lead a discussion on the meaning and types of leadership.

Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction and participate actively in the class discussion.

3. Displays the symbols of some of the major political parties in Nigeria.

4. Allows the pupils to identify the parties each symbol represents.

Pupil’s Activities – State the major political parties in Nigeria with their appropriate identities.

5. Leads the pupils to state and discuss how each political and traditional leader emerged.

6. Uses their responses to discuss how other leaders are selected.

Pupil’s Activities – State and discuss how leaders are selected.

7. Creates an activity that lead the pupils to choose who is to represent them in the activity.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in choosing their representative.

9. Asks pupils to different between good and bad people.

10. Uses the their responses to discuss the characteristics of a good and bad leader.

Pupil’s Activities – State the characteristics of a good and bad leader.

11. Summarizes each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary and write as instructed.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to: 

1. explain the concept of leader and leadership.

2. state 4 types of leadership.

 

3. list 4 means of selecting a leader.

4. state 4 functions of political leaders.

5. state how political parties are formed.

6. mention 4 characteristics of a good leadership.

7. mention 4 characteristics of a bad leadership.