Local and Foreign Musical Instruments

LESSON – MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

 

TOPIC
  • Introduction
  • Local Musical Instruments
  • Foreign Musical Instruments
  • Lesson Evaluation

 

INTRODUCTION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

Musical instruments are devices or tools used to produce sound or make music.

  • Trombone
  • Udu
  • Sekere
  • Kakaki
  • Horn
  • Gong
  • Violin
  • Piano
  • Guitar
  • Trumpet, etc.

 

In Nigeria, there are two (2) types of musical instruments used for producing sound and making music,

 

1. Local Musical Instruments

2. Foreign Musical Instruments

 

USES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

The uses of musical instruments are as follows:

1. It is used for communication or pass information.

2. It is used for healing.

3. It is used for entrainment.

4. It is used for ritual or spiritual rite.

5. It is used for expressing feelings and emotions.

6. It used as a call for service.

 

IMPORTANCE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

The importance of local musical instruments as follows:

 

1. It builds confidence.

2. It relieves stress.

3. It improves brain development.

4. It increases and improves creativity.

5. It improves social life.

6. It is fun.

 

LOCAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Local musical instruments are musical devices that produce sound by shaking hitting, rubbing, blowing, beating or plucking.

 

METHOD OF SOUND PRODUCTION 

Sound is anything that can be heard by people and animals.

Local musical instruments are source of sound played by,

1. Shaking – Shekere

2. Hitting – Agogo, gangan,

3. Blowing – Opi, oja, horn, kakaki, etc.

4. Beating – Banjo, tabla baya, bata drum (beating and hitting), khanajira, djemba and udu commonly known as pot.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF LOCAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Local musical instruments in Nigeria can be classified as follows:

 

1. Aerophonic

2. Chordophonic

3. Idophonic

4. Menbranophonic

 

1. AEROPHONIC

Aerophonic musical instruments are class of wind instrument that produce sound by mass air vibration.

It is played by blowing air into the instrument through mouth.

Examples of Aerophonic instruments are,

  • Opi
  • Oja
  • Horn
  • Kakaki, etc.

 

2. CHORDOPHONIC

Chordophonic musical instruments are class of string that produce sound by plucking, bowing, or striking stretched strings.

Examples of Chordophonic instruments are,

 

  • Goji
  • Garaya
  • Une
  • Kutigi
  • Molo
  • Kaburu, etc.

 

3. IDOPHONIC

Idophonic musical instruments are class of of raffle instrument that produce sound by shaking, hitting or striking, etc.

Examples of Idophonic Instruments are,

  • Udu
  • Gong
  • Ekwe
  • Sekere
  • Xylophone
  • Split wooden, etc.

 

4. MENBRANOPHONIC 

Menbranophoic musical instruments are the class of drum and kazoo that produce sound by a vibrating stretched membrane.

 

Sound is produced by striking.

Examples of Menbranophonic Instruments are all types of drum.

 

FOREIGN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

Foreign musical instruments are objects that are used by foreigners to produce their own music which are incorporated into the Nigerian music.

 

EXAMPLES OF FOREIGN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

Examples of foreign musical instruments used in Nigeria are as follows:

1. Drum set

2. Electric guitar

3. Keyboard

4. Piano

5. Guitar

6. Drums

7. Violin

8. Saxophone

9. Flute

 

CLASSIFICATION OF FOREIGN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Foreign musical instruments are classified according to the sound produced,

 

1. Idiophones

2. Membranophones

3. Chordophones

4. Aerophones

5. Electrophones

 

1. IDIOPHONES

Idiophone is any musical instrument that produce sound through vibrating itself.

Examples of idiophones are wood block, bell, gong, clappers, and rattles

 

2. MEMBRANOPHONES

Membranophone is any musical musical instrument that produces sound vibrating a membrane.

Examples of membranophones are Drums, tambourines, and some gongs.

 

3. CHORDOPHONES

Chordophone is any musical instrument that produce sound by vibrating strings.

 

It is divided into five basic types – bows, harps, lutes, lyres, and zither.

 

4. AEROPHONES

Aerophones is any musical instrument that produce sound by blowing or vibrating air.

Examples of aeroplanes are whistle, sexophone, flute, bassoon, clarinet and oboe.

 

5. ELECTROPHONES

Electrophones is any musical instrument that produce sound by electronic means.

Examples of aeroplanes are guitars, pianos, etc.

 

METHODS OF PLAYING FOREIGN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Foreign musical instruments are played as follows:

1. Shaking – Maracas, tambourine, etc.

2. Beating and hitting – Timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, triangle and tambourine.

 

3. Rubbing – Violin

4. Blowing in air – Recorders, flutes, oboes, clarinets, saxophones, and bassoons, horns, trumpets, trombones, euphoniums, and tubas.

5. Strucking – Guitar

 

IMPORTANCE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

The importance of local musical instruments as follows:

1. It builds confidence.

2. It relieves stress.

3. It improves brain development.

4. It increases and improves creativity.

5. It improves social life.

6. It is fun.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Answer 8 questions in Section A and B. 

 

SECTION A – LOCAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

1. explain the meaning of local musical instruments.

2. list and demonstrate 4 ways to play local musical instruments.

3. state 4 classification of local musical instruments.

4. discuss the following:

  • Aerophonic
  • Chordophonic
  • Idophonic
  • Menbranophonic

5. mention 5 uses of musical instruments.

 

SECTION B – FOREIGN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

1. explain the meaning of foreign musical instruments.

2. list and demonstrate 4 ways to play foreign musical instruments.

3. state 4 classification of foreign musical instruments.

4. discuss the following with examples,

  • Aerophonic
  • Chordophonic
  • Idophonic
  • Menbranophonic
  • Electrophones

5. mention 5 importance of musical instruments.

 

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