PREVIOUS LESSON – First Term Examination Links For Primary Schools
TOPIC: MEANING AND REASONS FOR FOOD PRESERVATION
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:
1. state the meaning of food preservation.
2. give reasons/importance why food should be preserved.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Preserved food
2. Unreserved food
6. Plastic bottle
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons..
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Preservation of food is the process of keeping food in good condition and from being damaged.
Food spoilage means undesirable changes (smell, taste, touch, or sight) in a food that made it unfit to eat.
Food waste is the food that is no longer useful or desirable.
DISADVANTAGES OF FOOD SPOILAGE OR WASTE
1. It is unfit to eat.
2. It is harmful.
3. It reduces food supply.
4. It increases scarcity of foods.
5. It increases the price of foods.
IMPORTANCE/REASONS FOR PRESERVING FOOD
1. To prevent food spoilage and waste.
2. To retain the colour, taste and nutritional value.
3. To prolong shelf life.
4. To reduce loss.
5. To increase food supply.
6. To prevent food contamination.
7. To make food available.
8. To save money.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Leads class discussions on food preservation.
Pupil’s Activities – Explain food preservation.
3. Guides pupils to explain food spoilage, waste and their disadvantages.
Pupil’s Activities – Discuss food spoilage, waste and their disadvantages.
4. Leads pupils to discuss the importance/reasons for preserving food.
5. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the importance/reasons for preserving food.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. State the meaning of food preservation.
2. List common methods of preservation in locality.
3. State why food preservation is important.