Meaning of Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment | Thea Causes and Effects of Unemployment and Underemployment Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 8 Social Studies

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

NATIONAL VALUES EDUCATION 

SECOND TERM

WEEK 8

PRIMARY 5

THEME: HUMAN RESOURCES 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning and Types of Resources and Resource Distribution | Why Resources are not Distributed Evenly in Nigeria | Possible Dangers of Over Concentration of Industries in an Area Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 6 Social Studies

 

TOPIC: EMPLOYMENT  AND UNEMPLOYMENT

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introduction

2. Meaning of Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment

3. Causes of Unemployment and Underemployment

4. Effects of Unemployment and Underemployment

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. explain the following: employment, unemployment and underemployment.

2. mention causes of unemployment.

3. list the causes of underemployment.

4. list some effects of underemployment.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can differentiate between employment and unemployment.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts of different work. 

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Employment is work done to earn a living.

 

MEANING OF UNEMPLOYMENT

Unemployment is having no work to do to earn money.

 

CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT

The causes of unemployment are –

1. Inadequate fund

2. Inability to work

3. Lack of necessary skills

4. Overpopulation

5. Laziness

6. Underdevelopment

7. Economic recession

8. Low investment

9. Lack of information

10. Lack of interest

 

 

LESSON 2 – MEANING OF UNDEREMPLOYMENT 

Underemployment is not having a work to earn sufficient income (money).

 

CAUSES OF UNDEREMPLOYMENT? 

1. No conducive environment

2. Lack of appropriate facilities

3. Inadequate training

4. Poor management

5. Lack of desirable job

 

EFFECTS OF UNDEREMPLOYMENT 

The effects of underemployment are –

1. It leads to unemployment.

2. it reduces standard of living.

3. it leads to poverty.

4. it crime rate. leads to high crime rates.

 

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Displays chart showing different professions.

3. Lets pupils identify and state their own preferable profession with reasons.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify the teacher, doctor, lawyer, etc. and also mention one preferably profession with appropriate reasons.

4. Asks pupils to state their parent’s work or profession.

5. Asks pupils if their work for people, themselves or people work for them.

6. Uses pupil’s responses to introduce the lesson and lead a discuss on the meaning of employment and the relationship between employer and employee.

Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the relationship with their parents and their parents or people that work for them.

7. Leads pupils in group or pair to discuss on why people work.

8. Asks pupils if there are pupils in their family, compound or community looking for job or yet to get a job.

9. Uses pupil’s responses to leads a discussion on the meaning of unemployment and its causes.

10. Lists and explain the causes of unemployment.

Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the problems of unemployment with appropriate solutions.

11. Explains the meaning of underemployment and its causes.

Pupil’s Activities – Explain the meaning of underemployment, its causes and effects.

12. Summarizes each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – wages and salaries.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher asks pupils to –

1. explain the following: employment, unemployment and underemployment.

2. state 4 causes of unemployment.

3. list 4 causes of underemployment.

4. mention 4 effects of underemployment.

 

 

WORKBOOK

1. ________ is work done to earn a living.

(a) Underemployment

(b) Unemployment

(c) Employment

 

2. ________ is having no work to do to earn money.

a) Underemployment

(b) Unemployment

(c) Employment

 

3. ________ is not having a work to earn sufficient income (money).

(a) Underemployment

(b) Unemployment

(c) Employment

 

4. Shortage of money to pay workers is known as ________.

(a) Adequate fund

(b) Inadequate fund

(c) Both

 

5. Economic recession is a major cause of ________.

(a) Unemployment and underemployment

(b) Underemployment and Employment

(c) Employment and unemployment

 

 

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