Meaning of Shape in Design | Types of Shapes | Making Decorative Designs with Shapes Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

Last Updated on August 17, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

[mediator_tech]

 

CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 4

PRIMARY 4

THEME: ARTS AND CRAFTS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Line | Types of Lines | Importance/Uses of Lines Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

 

TOPIC – SHAPES IN DESIGN 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Shapes

3. Types of Shapes

4. Making Decorative Designs with Shapes

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. explain the meaning of shapes;

2. mention types of shapes;

3. draw lines and shapes;

4. make decorative designs with shapes.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can draw any shape of choice.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Pictures

2. Books

3. Ruler

[mediator_tech]

 

4. Pencil

5. Paper

6. Cardboard sheets

7. Samples of line decorations

8. Eraser

9. board, etc.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING 

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Fundamentals of Cultural and Creative Art Book 4

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES

ACTIVITY 1

Teacher’s Activities – Give the pupils the following instructions:

  • Draw a straight, horizontal line using a ruler.
  • Make a shorter vertical line coming down from one end of the first line.
  • Draw a horizontal line coming off the bottom end of the vertical line.
  • Draw a vertical line between the ends of the two horizontal lines.

What shape is this?

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively and follow the teacher’s instructions. This is a rectangle.

Teacher’s remark – Correct. Rectangular shape is formed with four lines. Shapes and lines are important elements of design.

Discuss the meaning of shapes, summary the key points on the board.

 

MEANING OF SHAPES 

A shape is an element of design. It is the appearance of an object as define by the outer surface.

[mediator_tech]

 

Shapes are formed or created when lines are combined. For example, a line is used to create a circle.

Three lines are used to create different types of triangle and so on.

 

ACTIVITY 2 

Teacher’s Activities – Display three (3) chart showing mathematical shapes, natural features like stone, trees, etc. and some of the computer/mobile phone icons for the pupils to identify.

Pupil’s Activities – This is a triangle, rock, stone, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Correct. The charts are showing three different types of shapes.

Discuss types of shapes and summary the key points on the board.

 

TYPES OF SHAPES 

There are three types of shapes:

1. GEOMETRIC SHAPES 

Geometric shapes are regular shapes that are easily recognized as shapes. For examples are circles, squares, triangles, etc.

They are man-made shapes.

 

2. NATURAL/ORGANIC SHAPES 

Natural or organic shapes are irregular shapes found in nature or organic. For example are leaves, rock, clouds, etc.

[mediator_tech]

 

They are curves, uneven and are from natural world like plants and animals.

 

3. ABSTRACT SHAPES 

Abstract shapes are not real but have recognisable form.

A good example of abstract shape is an icon in computer systems and mobile phones.

 

LESSON 2 – ACTIVITY 1

MAKE PATTERNS USING COMBINATION OF LINES AND SHAPES 

Line and shape are two elements in art that are mostly used together.

As shown below, guide the pupils to create new shapes with different lines and shapes. 

 

 

ACTIVITY 2 – SHAPES AND PATTERNS 

Teacher’s Activities –

  • Cut different geometric shapes of different colours up to 30 pieces each.
  • Get plan cardboards and gum.
  • Organize the pupils into two or more groups depending on the size of the class with equal (same) materials.
  • Guide them to create any pattern with the available pattern.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class activities.

[mediator_tech]

 

Teacher’s remark – Good job you. Patterns are repeated decorative design. Call out any member in each group for presentation.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Explains the meaning of shapes and features of different shapes;

Pupil’s Activities – Observe as teacher demonstrates.

3. States types of shapes;

4.Displays objects made from shapes;

5. Draws different shapes.

Pupil’s Activities – Draw different shapes.

6. Demonstrates how shapes can be combined to create patterns;

Pupil’s Activities – Create patterns using shapes.

7. Summary the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher write.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning of Drawing | Types of Drawing | Drawing and Shading with the Effect of Light and shade Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. explain the meaning of shapes.

2. mention 3 types of shapes.

[mediator_tech]

 

3. draw lines and shapes.

4. make decorative designs with shapes.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. _________ is the appearance of an object as define by the outer surface.

A. Shape

B. Line

C. Colour

 

2. Shapes are formed or created when _________ are combined.

A. Shape

B. Line

C. Colour

 

3. Three lines are used to create different types of _________.

A. equilateral triangle

B. isosceles triangle

C. A and B

 

4. Triangle is _________ sides figure.

A. 5

B. 4

C. 3

 

5. In mathematics, shape is the same as _________.

[mediator_tech]

 

A. line

B. pattern

C. shape

 

6. _________ is a four sided shape.

A. Rectangle

B. Quadrilateral

C. Trapezium

 

7. _________ shapes are regular shapes that are easily recognized as shapes. For examples are circles, squares, triangles, etc.

A. Abstract

B. Organic

C. Geometric

 

8. _________ are man-made shapes.

A. Abstract shapes

B. Natural shapes

C. Geometric shapes

 

9. _________ shapes are irregular shapes found in nature or organic. For example are leaves, rock, clouds, etc.

A. Abstract shapes

B. Natural shapes

C. Geometric shapes

 

10. _________ are curves, uneven and are from natural world like plants and animals.

[mediator_tech]

 

A. Abstract shapes

B. Organic shapes

C. Geometric shapes

 

11. _________ shapes are not real but have recognisable form.

A. Abstract shapes

B. Natural shapes

C. Geometric shapes

 

12. A good example of abstract shape is an icon in computer _________.

A. computer icons

B. book icons

C. machine icons

 

13. Computer or mobile icons are good examples _________.

A. geometric shapes

B. natural shapes

C. abstract shape

 

14._________ is irregular shapes.

A. geometric shapes

B. natural shapes

C. abstract shape

 

15. Abstract means _________.

[mediator_tech]

 

A. connect be touch

B. cannot be seen

C. uncontrollable