Representative Democracy and Social Injustice – Meaning and Importance of Pressure Groups Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 8 Civic Education
RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES
PREVIOUS LESSON – Difference between the Arms of Government Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 6 Civic Education and Revision Test
TOPIC: PRESSURE GROUPS
2. Meaning (Examples) of Pressure Groups
3. Importance of Pressure Groups
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, mo most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the meaning of pressure groups.
2. mention the importance of pressure group.
3. justify the existence of pressure groups.
Some of the pupils can identify some of the national unions such as NUT (Nigeria Union of Teachers), NLC (Nigeria Labour Congress), etc.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Adults in the community.
2. Company Diaries.
3. Newspapers and magazines.
4. Debate will.
6. Members of a pressure group as a resource person.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION
Pressure group is an organized group of people with common goals and interest with collective action to protect their interest.
The primary aim of pressure groups is to influence both the government and political parties to meet up with their demands.
Examples of pressure groups in Nigeria are worker unions –
- Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT)
- Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC)
- Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU)
- Nigeria Bar Association (NBA)
- Nigeria Medical Association (NMA)
- Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ)
- Associations like market women association
- Social clubs, peoples club, rotary club
- Old pupils association of schools etc.
LESSON 2 – IMPORTANCE (ADVANTAGES) OF PRESSURE GROUPS
The importance (advantages) of pressure groups are –
1. To protecting members interest.
2. To contribute to development by assisting government to provide services.
3. To keep the government in check.
4. To providing welfare services.
5. To assisting non – members i.e. non – privileges members.
6. To providing employment opportunities.
7. To proffering solutions to some problems which confront the country.
8. To fight the cause of the common man in society.
LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSIGNMENTS
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher organizes pupils in group or pair to discuss the meaning of strike (a refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protect) and causes of strike.
3. Teacher gives appropriate examples to support the groups or pairs in their discussion.
Pupil’s Activities – Explain the meaning and causes of strike.
4. Teacher uses the pupil’s discussion to introduce the lesson.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand concept of the lesson.
5. Teacher leads a discussion on the meaning of pressure groups with appropriate examples and current union(s) on strike (it any).
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson discussion.
6. Teacher ask pupils to compile a list of 10 pressure groups in Nigeria as assignment.
Pupil’s Activities – Interview members of the public and search other sources to build a list of pressure group.
7. Teacher invites the closest union leader or representative such as NUT – Nigeria Union of Teacher to discuss the benefits of the union to their members, if any.
Pupil’s Activities – Listen attentively to the guest speaker, ask questions and respond to questions.
8. Teacher summarizes the guest speaker points of discussion and use these points to discuss the importance of pressure groups. Or Teacher leads a discussion on the importance of pressure groups.
9. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson summary and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – Communicating Social Injustices to Leaders.
- Next Lesson – Revision and Second Term Examination Civic Education Basic 5
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. explain the meaning of pressure groups.
2. give 5 examples of pressure groups.
3. state 5 importance of pressure groups.