Third Term Examination Literature in English JSS 1 – Exam Questions









Instruction – Choose from the given options lettered A-D, the correct one that answers the question below:

1. Words that suggest their meanings through their sounds in a poem is known ___________.

(a) hyperbole

(b) euphemism

(c) assonance

(d) onomatopoeia


2. The figurative expression, ‘The lion’s paws kicked the bucket’ is referred to as ___________.

(a) hyperbole

(b) simile

(c) personification

(d) euphemism


3. ___________ is the figurative expression in which the quality of a living thing is given to a non-living thing.

(a) Metaphor

(b) Personification

(c) Irony

(d) Alliteration


4. ‘He bleats like a goat’ is an example of ___________.

(a) irony



(b) pun

(c) simile

(d) euphemism


5. A poem of three lines stanza is called a ___________.

(a) dioxin

(b) septet

(c) quintet

(d) tercet


6. A comedian is a male entertainer who makes people laugh by cracking jokes, while the female is known as a ___________.

(a) comedy

(b) comedienne

(c) comedietta

(d) comic


7. ___________ is a story of a person’s life, written by himself or herself.

(a) autobiography

(b) biography

(c) diary

(d) register


8. “Tick tack says the clock’, the underlined words are examples of ___________.

(a) simile

(b) euphemism

(c) onomatopoeia

(d) personification


9. The sequential arrangement of actions in any literary work is known as ___________.

(a) setting



(b) plot

(c) theme

(d) stanza


10. ___________ is a group of lines in poetry.

(a) Stanza

(b) Paragraph

(c) Octave

(d) Elegy


11. Which of these is a soft sonorous song that is sung to keep children quiet?

(a) Elegy

(b) Dirge

(c) Limerick

(d) Lullaby


12. ___________ occurs when a writer says one thing but means another.

(a) Irony

(b) Simile

(c) Metaphor

(d) Hyperbole


13. ___________ is a type of drama with an unhappy ending.

(a) Comedy

(b) Mime

(c) Playlet

(d) Tragedy


14. “John is so brilliant that he passed one subject out of his nine papers”, is an example of ___________.

(a) irony



(b) metaphor

(c) alliteration

(d) hyperbole


15. The central idea, problems and lessons learnt from any literary work of art is referred to as the ___________.

(a) style

(b) diction

(c) theme

(d) plot


Sleep and Dream

 Man dies and wakes up a million times

 Then he dies one time

 With eyelids knitted

 Man forgets his life and its nitty-gritty

 Man travels to dreamland and without fare

 Like a wayfarer

 In the dreamland, the close eyes

 Of man sees his eyries

 And his resting feet

 Walk several feet

 By five o’clock, man wakes from his slumber

 More refreshed and nimbler

He activates the day’s activities and that prepare him

For another sleep and then his eyes shall dim.


Read the above poem and answer questions 16-20.

16. “By five o’clock, man wakes from his slumber” (line 11) is an example of ___________.

(a) simile

(b) metaphor

(c) irony

(d) none of the above


17. The expression, “man dies and wakes a million times” (line 1) is referred to as ___________.

(a) oxymoron



(b) irony

(c) hyperbole

(d) euphemism


18. “Sleep and dream” is a poem of 14 lines, which is also known as a ___________.

(a) couplet

(b) quatrain

(c) sonnet

(d) quintet


19. What figure of speech does the writer deploy in the expression: “and his resting feet walk several feet” (line 9-10)?

(a) hyperbole

(b) oxymoron

(c) irony

(d) euphemism


20. |”Man travels to dreamland without fare like a wayfarer”, (line 5-6) is an example of ___________.

(a) simile

(b) metaphor

(c) irony

(d) oxymoron





Heavy tongue hardly speaks heavily

Only a light tongue speaks heavily

Heavy tongues hardly talks to a dozen

And seven to the dozen

Heavy tongue turns tact turn

To speak at his turn

Heavy tongue hates to speak

In a round table of talk; he loves to sneak



 Heavy tongue is bad at talking good

Sputtering as he says l-l—l-i-i-f-e is g-g-o-o-d

He talks, they taunt and make him a clown

Without a reward of a crown

I saw shortly before I was conceived, at midnight

The shuttering gene of my gem dad, colluding with fate

To give me heavy tongue. No life in me to avert this no faith.

My mum played with my dad

And played second fiddle

Her gene was recessive

So she was aggressive

To see her penultimate child

Talking like his father

She saw the handiwork of heredity

To silence a celebrity

Then in my lifeless state, I echoed

Who can silence a celebrity with dexterity?

Who can silence s minister and minstrel?

Who can silence a bard who is not bad?

Like my pater and his father

My tongue is heavy and cannot talk farther

Then I screamed further

“I am a celebrity with poetic dexterity”

“I am a minster and a minstrel”

“I am a very good bard; am not bad”

I cannot communicate fluently

No, I can communicate fluently

In black and white; writing is the right thing

I can communicate in lyrics and limerics

All eyes, me, they shall see in limelight

My weakness is also my strength

Mum had births and deaths

Ten births and two deaths



None of my siblings stammers

So why is it only me that stammers?

Only God knows His tower

‘cos it’s beyond my power.


Download Free Pdf English Studies Scheme of Work for Junior Secondary School (JSS 1) Link




Instruction: Answer any five (5) questions of your choice; use the poem above to answer questions 1 – 3. 


Briefly explain any two from the following themes of the poem.

A. A twist of fate

B. Determination

C. Positive thinking



Define simile and metaphor as figures of speech.



Identify the figurative expression used in the sentences below:

A ‘My weakness is also my strength’ (line 41)

B. “I am a celebrity with poetic dexterity” (line 33)

C. “talking like my pater and his father” ( line 30)

D. “mum had births and deaths” (line 42)

E. “who can silence a bard who is not bad?” (line 29).



Give a short definition of the following:

A. Myths



B. Legends

C. Lime

D. Oral literature

E. Dance drama



Briefly explain any three from the following types of poem:

A. An Ode poem

B. An Elegy poem

C. A lullaby poem

D. A limerick poem



Complete the blanks below:

A. A stanza of one line is called a ___________.

B. A stanza of five lines is called a ___________.

C. ___________ is referred to as a stanza of six lines.

D. An eight lines stanza is called a ___________.

E A stanza of ten lines is called a ___________.




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