Preservation of Farm Produce (Primary 4)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – WHY FARM PRODUCE SHOULD BE PROCESS 

TOPIC: PRESERVATION OF FARM PRODUCE 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

  1. state what farm produce preservation means.
  2. give reasons/importance why farm produce should be preserved.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

Growing crops

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1.  Weeviled unpreserved crop
  2. Preserved/fresh grains
  3. Frozen meat or fish
  4. Bottled drink
  5. Canned meat, fish, milk, etc.
  6. Food items for preservation – meat, fish, grains, cassava, yams, etc.
  7. Posters or charts showing the different methods of food preservation e.g. people frying/smoking drying fish.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

 

INTRODUCTION

PRESERVATION OF FARM PRODUCE 

Preservation of farm produce is the process of keeping farm produce in good condition and from being damaged.

 

IMPORTANCE OF PRESERVATION 

  1. It retains the colour, taste and nutritional value.
  2. It prolongs shelf life.
  3. It reduces loss.
  4. It makes farm produce available in area where they are not produced.
  5. It helps to protect farm produce from insects and other pests attack.
  6. It make farm produce remain good and viable for planting next season.
  7. It protects possible contaminated infections from unpreserved food items.
  8. It saves money – buying at a cheap price when in season.

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Provides beans and maize grains with holes and discuss why they have holes.
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Observe and identify weeviled maize or beans.
  4. Guides pupils to separate fresh from decaying and spoilt food items (mouldy and decaying).
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss reasons for preserving food items.
  6. Give a board summary.
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

 

WORK BOOK (ASSESSMENT)

Attempt all the questions 

 

1. Preservation of farm produce is the process of keeping farm produce in ___________________ and from being ___________________.

A. Bad condition and damage

B. Good condition and damage

C. Good and better

 

2. One of these is not importance of preservation of farm produce.

A. It retains the colour, taste and nutritional value.

B. It prolongs shelf life.

C It increases loss.

 

3. ___________________ makes farm produce available in area where they are not produced.

A. Preservation

B. Reserves

C. Plenty

 

4. One of the importance of preservation of farm produce.

A. It retains the colour, taste and nutritional value.

B. It reduces shelf life.

C It increases loss.

 

State 5 reasons/importance for preserving farm produce items.

5. _________________________________________________________

6. _________________________________________________________

7. _________________________________________________________

8. _________________________________________________________

9. _________________________________________________________

 

10. What is farm preservation?

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

 

 

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