Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.
PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME: PATHOGENS, DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION
PREVIOUS LESSON – SWIMMING STROKES – Back and Butterfly Swimming Strokes (Primary 5)
TOPIC – PATHOGENS, DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION
1. Meaning of Pathogens Diseases
2. Types of Pathogen Diseases
2. Symptoms and Their Preventive Measures
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:
1. Define pathogen diseases;
2. List types of pathogen diseases;
3. State symptoms of pathogen diseases;
4. State preventive measures of these diseases.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
Online Information – MAYOCLINIC.ORG
Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Physical and Health Education Primary 4 Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links
Scheme of Work First Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5
Scheme of Work Second Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5
Scheme of Work Third Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION
MEANING OF PATHOGEN DISEASES
Pathogen diseases are infectious disease (that is communicable diseases) that cause illness or make people sick.
Pathogen diseases are tiny living organisms that cause illness to the body.
Disease is a failure of the body to function well as a result of the activities of germs or pathogens.
TYPES OF PATHOGEN DISEASES
Infectious diseases can enter your body through skin contact or injuries, inhalation of airborne germs, ingestion of contaminated food or water, tick or mosquito bites, sexual contact.
These diseases are:
These diseases are responsible for illness such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
These are smaller than bacteria. They cause a multitude of diseases — ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
Fungi diseases are diseases responsible for many skin diseases. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system.
These are mainly cause by mosquito bite. Other parasites may be transmitted to humans from animal feces.
These are organisms that live in and feed off in the body.
LESSON TWO – SYMPTOMS OF PATHOGEN
Each infectious disease has its own specific signs and symptoms. General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include:
4. Muscle aches
HOW TO PREVENT PATHOGEN
1. Don’t share personal items.
Use your own toothbrush, comb and razor. Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils.
2. Wash your hands
3. Get vaccinated
4. Prepare food safely
5. Keep your environment safe and clean
6. Practice safe sex
7. Travel wisely
REVISION AND WEEK 5 ASSESSMENT
As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Guides pupils to identify sick and infectious people on charts or pictures;
Pupil’s Activities – Identify sick and infectious people on the charts and pictures.
3. Explains the meaning of pathogen diseases with illustrations and charts;
Pupil’s Activities – Define pathogen diseases.
4. Guides pupils to discuss the types and symptoms of pathogen diseases;
Pupil’s Activities – Active participation in discussing the types and symptoms of pathogen diseases.
5. Leads them to identify the root causes and discus ways to prevent pathogen disease;
Pupil’s Activities – identify the root causes and discus ways to prevent pathogen disease.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. Define pathogen diseases;
2. List 4 types of pathogen diseases;
3. State 4 symptoms of pathogen diseases;
4. State 5 preventive measures of these diseases.