Pathogen Diseases, Symptoms and Their Prevention (Primary 5)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 5

THEME: PATHOGENS, DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION 

PREVIOUS LESSON – SWIMMING STROKES – Back and Butterfly Swimming Strokes (Primary 5)

TOPIC – PATHOGENS, DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Pathogens Diseases

2. Types of Pathogen Diseases

2. Symptoms and Their Preventive Measures

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

1. Define pathogen diseases;

2. List types of pathogen diseases;

3. State symptoms of pathogen diseases;

4. State preventive measures of these diseases.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

Pictures

Posters

Flip charts

Textbooks

Photographs

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information – MAYOCLINIC.ORG

 

Relevant links:

Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Physical and Health Education Primary 4 Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links

Scheme of Work First Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5 

Scheme of Work Second Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5 

Scheme of Work Third Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF PATHOGEN DISEASES

Pathogen diseases are infectious disease (that is communicable diseases) that cause illness or make people sick.

Pathogen diseases are tiny living organisms that cause illness to the body. 

Disease is a failure of the body to function well as a result of the activities of germs or pathogens.

 

 

TYPES OF PATHOGEN DISEASES 

Infectious diseases can enter your body through skin contact or injuries, inhalation of airborne germs, ingestion of contaminated food or water, tick or mosquito bites, sexual contact.

These diseases are:

 

1. BACTERIA 

These diseases are responsible for illness such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.

 

2. VIRUSES

These are smaller than bacteria. They cause a multitude of diseases — ranging from the common cold to AIDS.

 

3. FUNGI

Fungi diseases are diseases responsible for many skin diseases. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system.

 

4. PARASITES

These are mainly cause by mosquito bite. Other parasites may be transmitted to humans from animal feces.

 

5. WORMS

These are organisms that live in and feed off in the body.

 

LESSON TWO – SYMPTOMS OF PATHOGEN 

Each infectious disease has its own specific signs and symptoms. General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include:

1. Fever

2.Diarrhea

3. Fatigue

4. Muscle aches

5. Coughing

 

HOW TO PREVENT PATHOGEN 

1. Don’t share personal items.

Use your own toothbrush, comb and razor. Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils.

2. Wash your hands

3. Get vaccinated

4. Prepare food safely

5. Keep your environment safe and clean

6. Practice safe sex

7. Travel wisely

 

 

REVISION AND WEEK 5 ASSESSMENT 

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides pupils to identify sick and infectious people on charts or pictures;

Pupil’s Activities – Identify sick and infectious people on the charts and pictures.

3. Explains the meaning of pathogen diseases with illustrations and charts;

Pupil’s Activities – Define pathogen diseases.

4. Guides pupils to discuss the types and symptoms of pathogen diseases;

Pupil’s Activities – Active participation in discussing the types and symptoms of pathogen diseases.

5. Leads them to identify the root causes and discus ways to prevent pathogen disease;

Pupil’s Activities – identify the root causes and discus ways to prevent pathogen disease.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. Define pathogen diseases;

2. List 4 types of pathogen diseases;

3. State 4 symptoms of pathogen diseases;

4. State 5 preventive measures of these diseases.

 

 

 

Smart Teachers Plan Lesson Notes - ClassRoomNotes support teachers with hands-on lesson plans/notes, printable and thoughtful teaching resources. @ClassRoomNotes - We always love to hear from you always. Stay connected with your classroom.
error: