Food and Nutrition – Sources of Food Nutrients and Nutritional Deficiency (Primary 5)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

THIRD TERM 

WEEK 1 

PRIMARY 5 

THEME: FOOD AND NUTRITION 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Useful and Quick Links for Second Term Plan Lesson Notes All Subjects Primary 4, Primary 5 and Primary 6

TOPIC – SOURCES OF FOOD NUTRIENTS AND NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Sources of Food Nutrients

2. Nutritional Deficiency Diseases

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

1. mention sources of food nutrients;

2. list three nutritional diseases.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Samples of food items.

2. Charts/photo graphs showing different kinds of foodstuff.

3. Photographs showing people suffering from nutritional deficiency diseases.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

Relevant links:

Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Physical and Health Education Primary 4 Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links

Scheme of Work First Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5 

Scheme of Work Second Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5 

Scheme of Work Third Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

Sources of food nutrients are carbohydrates, fats and oil, proteins, minerals and water.

These substances are needed for the supply of energy and growth, for metabolism and other body functions.

 

 

SOURCES OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

1. CARBOHYDRATES 

These are energy – giving foods.

For examples of carbohydrates –

1. Rice

2. Yam

3. Bread

4. Wheat

5. Maize

6. Sweet potatoes

7. Amala

8. Eba/garri, etc.

 

2. PROTEINS

These are body – building foods.

For examples of protein –

1. Beef

2. Fish

3. Eggs

4. Cow milk

5. Yoghurt

6. Beans

7. Pork, etc.

 

3. VITAMINS

These food substances protect the body from diseases.

For examples of vitamins –

1. Fruits

2. Vegetables

 

Guides and allows pupils to give examples of fruits and vegetables.

 

 

LESSON TWO

4. MINERALS

These food substances protect the body from diseases.

1. Milk

2. Salts

3. Red meat

4. Fish

5. Potatoes

6. Rice, etc.

 

5. FATS AND OIL 

These food substances, like carbohydrates, also provide energy for work and play.

1. Salmon fish

2. Groundnut

3.Olive oil

4. Skimmed milk

5. Avocado

7. Peanut butter

6. Sardines, etc.

 

6. WATER This is very important. About 97% of our body is water. Water helps the digestion of food and removal of waste products from the body through excretion, urinating, respiration and perspiration (sweating). It also helps the flow of blood.

 

NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY DISEASES 

The body needs different vitamins and minerals that are essential for both body development and preventing disease.

The main causes of nutritional deficiencies include a poor diet that lacks essential nutrients for the body. Diseases caused by nutritional deficiencies:

1. Kwashiorkor

2. Rickets

3. Pellagra

4. Scurvy

 

REVISION AND WEEK 1 ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Leads pupils to list the sources of food nutrients;

Pupil’s Activities – With the help of the teacher mention the sources of food nutrients.

3. Guides the pupils to list the kinds of nutritional deficiency diseases that are common in the society.

Pupil’s Activities – List nutritional deficiency diseases that are common in the society.

4. Questions and answers;

Pupil’s Activities – Listen, ask and answer questions.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. mention sources of food nutrients;

2. mention three nutritional deficiency diseases.

 

 

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