PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
PRIMARY 5 AND PRIMARY 6
THEME: FOOD AND NUTRITION
PREVIOUS LESSON – Concept of Food and Nutrition | Sources of Food Nutrients | Nutritional Deficiency Diseases Primary 5 and Primary 6 Term 3 Week 2 Physical and Health Education
TOPIC – FOOD AND NUTRITION
2. Family Size and Its Effects on Nutrition
3. Characteristics of Deficient People
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. describe the characteristics of nutritional deficient persons.
2. describe the effects of family size on nutrition.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Samples of food items.
2. Charts/photo graphs showing different kinds of foodstuff.
3. Photographs showing people suffering from nutritional deficiency diseases.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
Course Book – Fitness and Fun A Physical and Health Education Course Primary 6
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Foods are solid or liquid substances that gives essential nutrients to the body while nutrition is the substance in food and how it works in the body.
Food and Nutrition are the essential substance in food that help the body to function and grow well.
The concept of food and nutrition is the same as food nutrition.
Our bodies need essential food nutrients for growth, development, function well to preventing sickness and diseases.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENT PEOPLE
The main causes of nutritional deficiencies include a poor diet that lacks essential food nutrients for the body.
The characteristics of people with nutritional deficiency diseases are as follows:
3. Unstable emotion
4. Impaired growth
5. Partial blindness
6. Muscle weakness
7. Twitches or cramps
9. Tingling and numbness
10. Abnormal heart rhythm or palpitations
LESSON 2 – FAMILY SIZE AND ITS EFFECT ON NUTRITION
A family is a man and a woman living together as husband and wife with their children.
The man is the head of the family, and provides food, dress, shelter, security, care, education and overall welfare of all members of the family.
The woman is to help by preparing food, giving moral training and care to everybody in the family.
To compare family of smaller and large family with the salary structure –
The smaller the size of the family, the better for effective care and adequate provision of food, clothes, care and shelter.
A large family may be compelled to reduce the quantity and quality of everything, including the essential or basic things of life.
In a large family, there may be lack of balanced diets, lack of care, overcrowding and inadequate supply of basic needs.
Increased family size may adversely affect the nutritional status of every member of the household, including preschool children, because it may be associated with decreased per capita human inputs.
In other words, the allocation of food per child is likely to decrease with the increase in the number of children, which, in turn, may adversely affect the nutritional status of children and the entire family.
LEARNING 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher organizes the pupils in groups or pair depending on the size of the class.
3. Teacher displays chart showing children with nutritional deficiency diseases.
4. Teacher lets pupils examine the chart carefully.
5. Teacher asks the groups or pairs to state how to know if people are sick or not feeling well.
Pupil’s Activities – Examine and state the symptoms of someone that is sick.
6. Teacher listens to the pupils and uses their responses to introduce the lesson.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson.
7. Teacher guides pupils to state the characteristics of nutritional deficient people.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and state the characteristics of nutritional deficient people.
8. Teacher create an activity on family size and its effects on nutrition.
9. Teacher uses the activity created in step 8 to lead a discussion on the effects of family size on nutrition.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the teacher’s illustration to understand the concept of family size and its effects on nutrition.
10. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board with appropriate evaluation.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. discuss the effects of family size on nutrition.
2. state 5 characteristics of nutritional deficient people.