Meaning of Balanced Diet (Adequate Diet) | Components of Balanced Diet | Major Meals of the Day Primary 4 (Basic 4)

Last Updated on December 22, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 10 

PRIMARY 4

THEME –  CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – FOOD (TYPES AND USES)

 

TOPIC – BALANCED DIET 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning and Components of Balanced Diet

3. Major Meals of the Day

4. Weekly Assessment

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. explain the meaning of balanced diet.

2. identify the components of balanced diet.

3. plan daily meals that can provide balanced diet.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Foods and Classes of Foods

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

food charts, various food items, etc.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTIONS

Copy as I write or draw as I need. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils to write on paper the meals taken for breakfast, lunch and dinner in the previous day.

Pupil’s response – As stated by the pupils.

Teacher’s remark – Thanks for sharing. Review the pupil’s response and separate all meals with adequate diet. These kinds of meal (mention the meals) are call balanced diet or adequate diet. Discuss the meaning of balanced diet and major meals of the day.

 

On board, copy as I write.

MEANING OF ADEQUATE OR BALANCED DIET 

Balanced diets are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

 

 

Balanced diet is also known as adequate or healthy diet.

 

COMPONENTS OF BALANCED DIET

A balanced diet consists of six (6) main nutrient groups:

1. Carbohydrates

2. Proteins

3. Vitamins

4. Minerals

5. Fats and oils

6. Water

 

As discussed in the previous lesson – Components of Balanced Diet Primary 4 (Basic 4)

 

LESSON 2 – THREE MAJOR MEALS OF THE DAY 

The minimum meals in a day are as follows:

1. Breakfast

2. Lunch

3. Dinner

 

PLANNING ADEQUATE BALANCED MEALS

1. Breakfast – Morning meals 

  • Ogi (Pap) or golden morn with moi moi
  • Bread and eggs
  • Bread with butter and tea
  • Boiled plantains and stew
  • Nigerian salad
  • Rice and beans
  • Fried plantains and Beans, and so on.

 

2. Lunch – Afternoon meals 

  • Amala with fish stew and ewedu
  • Fufu with efo riro (vegetable stew)

 

 

  • Jollof rice and dodo (fried plantain) with meat or chicken stew
  • Iyan (pounded yam) with egusi stew
  • White rice with moi moi and stewed fish or fried meat or chicken stew
  • Semolina or amala with ogbonno or bitter leaf stew.

 

3. Dinner – Night meals 

  • Rice with efo riro (vegetable stew)
  • Fried rice with coleslaw, fried chicken
  • Eko with meat or chicken stew
  • Boiled plantains with meat or chicken stew or vegetable stew
  • Tuwo (ground rice) with meat stew.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Explains the constituents of an balanced diet.

Pupil’s Activities – Collect samples of food materials that make up the component of an balanced diet.

3. Guides pupils to define an balanced diet.

4. Guides pupils planning daily meals.

Pupil’s Activities – Make a meal plan of balanced diet for a day.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. define balanced diet.

2. list the components of balanced diet.

3. plan adequate daily meal.

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS

 

1. _________________ are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

A. Balanced diet

 

 

B. Balanced mineral

C. Balanced fruit

 

2. _________________ is also known as adequate or healthy diet.

A. Balanced diet

B. Balanced mineral

C. Balanced fruit

 

3. A balanced diet consists of _________________ main nutrient groups:

A. 6

B. Six

C. A and B

 

4. _________________ is known as dinner.

A. Morning meal

B. Afternoon meal

C. Night meal

 

5. _________________ is known as lunch .

A. Morning meal

B. Afternoon meal

C. Night meal

 

6. _________________ is known as breakfast.

A. Morning meal

B. Afternoon meal

C. Night meal

 

State 2 examples each of the meals of the day:

 

7. Breakfast _________________ and _________________

 

8. Lunch _________________ and _________________

 

9. Dinner _________________ and _________________

 

10. Mention 6 components of balanced diet:

 

 

A. _________________

 

B. _________________

 

C. _________________

 

D. _________________

 

E. _________________

 

F. _________________

 

 

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