Civic Education SS 1 Curriculum Guides – Goals of Citizenship Education
THEME – CITIZENSHIP
TOPIC 1 – GOALS OF CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION
1. Picture demonstrating citizenship.
2. World map
3. Documentation and video clips
4. National symbols e.g national flag, coat of arms, national pledge, etc.
By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
1. define and explain the goals of citizenship education.
2. identify laws and rights of individuals.
3. mention the main functions and structures of government.
4. explain Nationalism and major local/world civic problems.
5. enumerate nationalistic roles of individuals and groups.
CONTENTS OF THE LESSON
1. Meaning of Citizenship
2. Types of Laws and Rights of Individuals
3. Functions and Structures of Government
4. Nationalism and Major, Local/World Civic Problems
5. Nationalistic Roles of Individuals and Groups
1. leads students in defining and Explaining citizenship.
2. explains various types of laws and rights of individuals.
3. discusses functions and structures of government.
4. explains the meaning of Nationalism and local/world civic problems.
5. mention true nationalists and their roles, e.g Nnamdi Azikiwe, Kwame Nkrumah, Nelson Mandela etc.
1. define and explain citizenship.
2. name types of laws and rights of individuals.
3. state functions and structures of government
4. discuss nationalism and local/world civic problems.
5. enumerate nationalistic roles they will like to play.
1. enumerate the meaning of citizenship.
2. list five types of laws and rights of individuals.
3. mention five functions and structures of government.
4. identify local/world civic problems
5. list two nationalists and their roles.
MEANING OF CITIZENSHIP
Citizenship is the right of being a citizen of a country. A Nigerian citizen is a person whose parents come from Nigeria or obtained Nigerian citizenship by registration or naturalization.
Membership of a nation based on laid down conditions.
TYPES OF CITIZENSHIP
1. Citizenship by Birth
This is known as country’s birth. A person automatically becomes a citizen of his/her birth.
2. Citizenship by Registration
This requires a person to become a citizen in the country he/she married because a marriage requires a registration.
3. Citizenship by Naturalization
This occurs when a person stays in a particular country for a very time usually 10 years.
This is automatically by a statute. it may involve an application or a motion and approval by legal authorities.
PROCESS OF BECOMING A CITIZEN OF A COUNTRY
A citizen is a legal membership of a particular country with full right to claim a state as his/her own. The following are the process of becoming a citizen of a country –
2. Good character
3. Statutory age
4. One’s contribution to the country
5. Readiness to stay in the country
TYPES OF LAWS AND RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS
MEANING AND TYPES OF LAW
A law is a rule and regulations that governed the action and conduct of people in a given territory.
The laws are made by the government or people in authority for the purposes of maintaining peace and orderliness.
The body body that made law is called legislature.
TYPES OF LAWS
1. CIVIC LAW
Civic law is the law of the state that deals with private matters such as the rights and duties, marriages and properties, etc.
2. CRIMINAL LAW
Criminal law is the law that deals with all kinds of crimes in the state.
The laws is set to punish or impose fine on the offenders.
3. PUBLIC LAW
Public law is the law that deals with the general public and the government as well.
THE RIGHTS OF CITIZENS
Rights are legal privileges that are enjoy by the citizens of a country.
According to section IV of the 1999 Nigeria constitution, Nigerian citizens are entitled to following rights,
1. Right to life
2. Right to dignity of human person
3. Right to fair hearing
4. Right to private and family life
5. Right to freedom of conscience and religion
6. Right to freedom of expression
7. Right to personal liberty
8. Right to freedom of movement
9. Right to own property anywhere in Nigeria
10. Right to peaceful assembly and association.
FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURES OF GOVERNMENT
There are three (3) basic structures of government,
1. UNITARY GOVERNMENT
Unitary government is a centralized government that held all the powers of government.
In this structure, power is not share.
2. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
Federal government is the government that shared powers among the components states and their local governments.
3. CONFEDERATION GOVERNMENT
Confederation government is the union of sovereign states agreed to delegate power to a central government for specific purposes.
NATIONALISM AND MAJOR, LOCAL/WORLD CIVIC PROBLEMS
Nationalism is the belief that one’s national culture and interests are superior to any other, and that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals. Also, it is the belief that a people who share a common language, history, and culture should constitute an independent nation, free of foreign domination.
The Nigerian nationalists’ goal of achieving an independent sovereign state of Nigeria was achieved in 1960 when Nigeria declared its independence and British colonial rule ended.
WAYS OF PROMOTING NATIONAL INTEREST
1. Coercive Measures
4. Foreign Aid
5. Tariff, Restriction and Quotas
8. Diplomatic Negotiations
9. Economic aid
LIST OF TOP NATIONALISTS/PATRIOTISM IN NIGERIA
NATIONALISTIC ROLES OF INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS
1. Nnamdi Azikiwe was born in 1904. He is the first president of Nigeria and the founder of Nigerian nationalism.
He is popularly called ‘Zik’ or ‘Zik of Africa’. Zik helped establish the University of Nigeria after independence in 1962.
2. Herbert Macaulay was pivotal in Nigeria’s fight to gain independence although he didn’t live to see this become a reality.
He also created the National Council of Nigeria and Cameroon in the 1940s along with Nnamdi Azikiwe.
3. Ahmadu Bello was born in 1919, Ahmadu Bello was another key figure in the country’s fight for independence.
He was a school teacher that later became the Premier of the Northern Nigeria.
4. Anthony Enahoro is another famous Nigerian personality. He’s well known for his social activism.
He’s popularly known as the “Father of the Nigerian State”
6. Obafemi Awolowo is another undisputed national hero.
He was born in 1909 and was the first Premier of Western Nigeria. Also, he was a one time minister of Finance.
1. Vandalization of government property
2. Drug abuse, child abuse/labour
4. Diseases, e.g. HIV/AIDS, Ebola, COVID 19, etc.
5. Over population
6. Examination malpractices
7. Political apathy
8. Non-payment of taxes/rates
9. Corruption, religious extremism
10. Human trafficking
11. Illiteracy and ignorance
12. Riot, violence, conflict, war, cultism, etc.
13. Bad roads
14. Power failure
16. Blocked drainage system
17. Electoral malpractices
20. Ocean encroachment.