# Introduction to Direction | The Significance of Four Cardinal Points Primary 5 and Primary 6 Term 2 Week 11 Physical And Health Education

### PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SECOND TERM

WEEK 12

PRIMARY 5 AND PRIMARY 6

THEME: RECREATION AND LEISURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning and Importance of Recreational Activities | Components of Recreational Activities Primary 5 and Primary 6 Term 2 Week 10 Physical and Health Education

### LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Meaning of Cardinal Point

3. Significance of Four Cardinal Point

4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment

### PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to

1. describe the four cardinal point.

2. identify the four cardinal point.

3. identify each point of the cardinal point.

4. state the significance of the four cardinal point.

5. design a cardinal point.

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils describe their location.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Charts

2. Posters

3. Compass.

### METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

### REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

### LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Direction is the position along which someone or something moves or faces.

Direction is used to describe or determine the position of someone or something. Sometimes, it is used as right , left, forward (up) or backward (down).

Geographically, north, south, east and west are used in describing directions.

This is called cardinal points.

FOUR CARDINAL POINTS

North, east, south, and west are the four cardinal directions that’s marked by the initials N, E, S, and W.

1. North

2. South

3. East

4. West

### LESSON 2 – IMPORTANCE OF FOUR CARDINAL POINTS

The significance of four cardinal points are as follows:

1. It is used to calculate time.

2. It is used to locating places.

3. It is used for directions.

4. It is used for tracking someone or something.

DESIGN A FOUR CARDINAL POINT

Teacher organizes pupil in group or pair to design four cardinal point using appropriate materials.

### PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Teacher organizes pupils in group or pair depending on the size of the lesson.

3. Teacher displays chart showing four cardinal points.

4. Teacher lets pupils examine and identify each of the direction – North, South East and West.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify the four cardinal points.

5. Teacher uses the chart to introduce the lesson.

Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson.

6. Teacher explains the meaning and importance of the four cardinal points.

Pupil’s Activities Analyze the importance of the four cardinal points.

7. With appropriate materials, teacher guides pupils to design four cardinal points as a group or pair.

Pupil’s Activities – Design the four cardinal points.

8. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board with appropriate lesson evaluation.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate activity in the lesson summary by responding to the questions correctly and write as instructed.

### CONCLUSION

• To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.