Meaning and Types of Maintenance | Importance of Maintenance Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 2 Week 10 Basic Technology
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
PREVIOUS LESSON – Introduction to Woodwork (Hand tools) | Classification of Hand Tools used for Making Woodwork Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 2 Week 9 Basic Technology
TOPIC: INTRODUCTION TO MAINTENANCE
2. Meaning and Types of Maintenance
3. Importance of Maintenance
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain of maintenance.
2. state the types of maintenance;
3. mention the the importance of maintenance.
The pupils know how to perform basic maintenance.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts or pictures showing maintained and non – maintained equipment or implement.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
Macmillan basic science and technology book 6, Page 121-127
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Maintenance are the activities carried out on daily or regular basis to make our things in good working condition.
A simple activities for maintenance can be dusting a table, sweeping the classroom, polishing shoes and furniture, etc. are called maintenance.
In all work place, houses, schools and roads, maintenance are needed to keep them in good condition.
TYPES OF MAINTENANCE
There are three types of maintenance,
1. Corrective maintenance
2. Preventive maintenance
3. Predictive maintenance
1. CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE
This is the maintenance (repair) carried out after an equipment is no more working.
2. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
This is the maintenance (repair) carried out on equipment so that they will not stop working.
3. PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE
This is the maintenance required special instrument to detect a likely fault in any equipment. For example, tyre gauge, oil gauge, etc.
LESSON 2 – WHY MAINTENANCE ARE IMPORTANT?
1. It makes our tools and equipment last long.
2. It reduces the risk accident around us.
3. It makes our work to be done faster.
4. It keeps our equipments in good condition.
5. It makes our environment to be beautiful.
6. It reduces waste of money.
CLASSROOM MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES (25)
Teacher organizes pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class to carry out maintenance activities and inculcate maintenance culture in them.
LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson – introduction to woodwork hand tools. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher organizes pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.
3. Teacher displays sample of rusted tools such as plier, scissor, etc.
4. Teacher asks pupils in groups or pairs to identify and describe the state of the each tool and suggest possible means of restoring the tools.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and describe the state of the tools and give reasons for the poor state.
5. Teacher provides cleaning agents to revive the tools.
6. Teacher asks pupils to carry out maintenance activities as suggested in activity 4.
Pupil’s Activities – Apply the cleaning agents correctly.
7. Teacher uses the tools, pupil’s maintenance activities and their responses to introduce the lesson and lead a discussion on the meaning and types of maintenance.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson and participate actively in the class discussion on the meaning and types of maintenance.
8. Teacher uses the maintenance activities in activity 6 to ask pupils to state reasons for maintenance with appropriate examples or instances.
Pupil’s Activities – State the importance of maintenance.
10. Teacher leads a classroom maintenance activity and ensure it becomes daily or weekly activity depending on the item in the classroom.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class maintenance activities on daily or regular as prescribed by the teacher.
9. Teacher summarizes the lessons on the board with appropriate lessons evaluation and write as instructed.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson by responding correctly to the lesson evaluation and write as introduction.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- Next Lesson –
Teacher asks pupils to,
1. explain the meaning of Maintenance.
2. state 3 types of maintenance.
3. distinguish between each type of maintenance.
4. mention 5 the importance of maintenance.
5. state 5 simple ways to carry out maintenance.