Meaning of Food Nutrients | Sources of Food Nutrients Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Home Economics

 

HOME ECONOMICS

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 4 

THEME – HOUSE CARE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning and Kinds of Food | Reasons for eating Food Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Home Economics

 

TOPIC – FOOD NUTRIENTS 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Food Nutrients

3. Classes of Food Nutrients

4. Sources of Food Nutrients

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES  

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. explain food nutrients.

2. mention classes of food nutrients.

3. mention sources of each food nutrients.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

 

1. Charts on food groups.

2. Real food items.

3. Charts on food nutrients, sources and functions.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF FOOD 

Foods are solid or liquid substances that gives essential nutrients to the body.

 

MEANING OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

Food nutrients are the essential substances present in the food that help the body to function well.

 

CLASSES OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

 

There are six (6) classes of food nutrients –

1. CARBOHYDRATES 

Source of carbohydrate – rice, yam, bread, etc.

 

2. VITAMINS 

Source of vitamins – fruits like oranges, pawpaw, vegetables, etc.

 

3. FAT AND OILS 

Source of fat and oils – palm oil, groundnut oil, vegetables oil, oily fish, butter, etc.

 

4. MINERALS SALT 

Source of minerals salt – Iodised salt, liver, eggs, etc.

 

5. WATER 

Source of water – drinking water, fruits juice and other drinks

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Defines food nutrients.

Pupil’s Activities – Define food nutrients.

 

3. Discusses the type of food nutrients and their sources with the pupils.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in discussing the type of food nutrients and their sources with one another.

4.  Summarize the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy short notes on daily cleaning of rooms.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Classes of Food Nutrients | Functions of Food Nutrients Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Home Economics

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to: 

 

1. explain food nutrients.

2. mention 5 classes of food nutrients.

3. mention 5 sources of each food nutrients.

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. _______ are the essential substances present in the food that help the body to function well.

A. Rice and beans

B. Minerals and vitamins

C. Food nutrients

 

2. Rice, yam and bread are good example of _______.

A. carbohydrates

B. fats and oils

C. water

 

3. Fruits like oranges, pawpaw and vegetables are good example of _______.

A. Vitamins

B. Water

C. Minerals

 

4. Palm oil, groundnut oil, vegetables oil, oily fish and butter are good example of _______.

A. carbohydrates

B. fats and oils

C. water

 

5. Iodised salt, liver and eggs are good example of _______.

 

A. Vitamins

B. Water

C. Minerals

 

6. Drinking water, fruits juice and other drinks are good example of _______.

A. carbohydrates

B. fats and oils

C. water

 

7. Drinking water, fruits juice and other drinks are good example of water.

A. True

B. False

 

8. Iodised salt, liver and eggs are good example of mineral salt.

A. False

B. True

 

9. Palm oil, groundnut oil, vegetables oil, oily fish and butter are good example of protein.

A. True

B. False

 

10. Fruits like oranges, pawpaw and vegetables are good example of vitamin.

 

A. False

B. True

 

11. Rice, yam and bread are good example of protein.

A. True

B. False

 

12. Fats and oils are classes of food nutrients.

A. True

B. False

 

13. A balanced diet is a diet that contains differing kinds of foods.

A. False

B. True

 

14. Food nutrients contain differing kinds of foods.

A. True

B. False

 

15. Balanced diet gives essential nutrients to the body.

 

A. False

B. True

 

 

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