BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – LIVING AN NON LIVING THINGS
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TOPIC – MATTER
2. Meaning of Matter
3. Identification and Classification of Matter
4. State of Matter
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the meaning of matter.
2. describe atoms as fundamental building block of matter.
3. identify the state of matter.
4. recognize that all living and non living things are made up of matter.
5. recognize things in our surroundings as matter.
3. analyze the states of matter.
The pupils can different between liquid and solid object.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Live specimen
3. Plastic containers
4. Polythene bags
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Matter is around.
Everything around us is made of matter – both living and non living made up of matter.
The air, water, soil, rocks, plants, animals and even people are examples of matter.
MEANING OF MATTER
Matter is everything around us that occupies space and has mass.
Living and non living things are classified as matters in term of solids, liquids, and gases.
IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER
Matter is everything around us.
Matter includes the air we breathe, water we drink, food we eat, crops we plant, animals we rear, etc. even our own body.
CLASSIFICATION OF MATTER
Matter can be classified as –
1. Living and non living things
2. Solid, liquid and gas
LESSON 2 – STATES OF MATTER
Matter exists in several different forms, called states.
There are three (3) States of matter,
1. SOLID FORM
Solid matter is any object that has its own form and shape.
Examples of solid objects are floors, pencils, plants, trees, cars, skin, books, ice, chairs, computers, etc.
2. LIQUID FORM
Liquid matter takes the shape of its container.
It takes the shape of any object – cup, bowl, bottle, etc. that holds it.
Examples of liquid are water, juice, oil, pap, tea, blood, kerosene, groundnut oil, etc.
3. GAS FORM
Gas is any substance like the air we breathe, steam from boiling water, smoke from the firewood, or exhaust from cars.
LESSON 3 – ATOMS AS FUNDAMENTAL BUILDING OF MATTER
The basic fundamental building blocks that make up matter are called atoms.
When two or more atoms stick together, they formed a molecule.
Molecules are made up of one or more atoms.
Atoms are the basic units of matter.
Everything in the universe apart from energy is made of matter therefore atoms make up everything in the universe.
It is the smallest particle of a substance that has all of the physical and chemical properties of that substance.
An atom consists of electrons, protons and neutrons.
- The proton is a positively charged particle.
- The electron is a negatively charged particle.
- The neutron doesn’t have any charge.
The proton is a positively charged particle surrounded by one or more negatively charged particles called electrons.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; the teacher –
2. Teacher organizes pupil’s in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.
3. Teacher displays chart showing the examples of living and non living things.
4. Teacher asks pupils to identify and classify the contents of the chart as living and non living and state other examples of living and non living.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and classify the contents of the chart as living and non living and state other examples of living and non living.
5. Teacher uses the chart and pupil’s responses to introduce the lesson – matter.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of lesson.
6. Tells pupils, matter is everything around us.
Pupil’s Activities – Analyze the statement.
7. Teacher uses the statement in number 5 to ask and guide pupils to identify and names everything around them.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify everything around us as matter.
8. Teacher leads a class discussion discussion on the meaning of matter with appropriate illustrations and examples.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to able to participate in class discussion.
9. Teacher creates any activity that enables pupils to identify and state matter in solid, liquid and gas form. For example, you can create the activity using stone, eba, phone (solid), the water we drink and smoke from burning wood (liquid) and the air we breathe and steam from boiling water (gas).
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class activity.
10. Teacher uses the activity created in number 8 to introduce and discuss form of matter.
Pupil’s Activities – State the form of matter with appropriate examples.
11. Teacher takes pupils on nature walk to collect different samples of matter.
Pupil’s Activities – Take a nature walk and collect samples of matter and observe the collected specimens and group them by shape, color and size.
12. Teacher uses the above activities to discuss atoms as fundamental building block of matter.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.
13. Summarizes the lesson on the board with appropriate lesson evaluation.
Pupil’s Activities – Take active part in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Next Lesson – States of Matter – Solid, Liquid and Gas | Properties of Solid, Liquid and Matter | Changes of State Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 2 Week 9 Basic Science and Technology
Asks students to:
1. explain the meaning of matter.
2. state 3 form of matter with appropriate examples.
3. differentiate between solid and liquid matter with appropriate examples.
4. give 4 examples of gas form of matter.
5. discuss atoms as fundamental building block of matter.