Physical Properties of Soil | Weekly Assessment for Properties of Soil Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

AGRICULTURE 

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 5

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Process of Formation of Soil | How Soils are Formed | Factors of Soil Formation Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

TOPIC: PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Properties of Soil

3. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. identify the properties of soil.

2. describe each soil properties.

3. attempt 70% (and above) of weekly assessment correctly.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify and describe soil types.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of soil samples – sandy, clayey and loamy.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Basic Education Curriculum

Course Books

All Relevant Materials

Online Materials

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Soil is the upper layer of the earth where plants grow.

It is one of the essential components of land. There different soil types – sandy, clay and loamy soils.

It consists of particles of rock, different kinds of soil and organic material. Each of the soil type contains mineral particles, organic matter, water and air which determine physical properties of soil.

 

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL

 

The physical properties of soil are –

  • Texture
  • Structure
  • Porosity
  • Chemistry
  • Colour

 

LESSON 2 – PROPERTIES OF SOIL

1. TEXTURE

Soil texture is the proportion of sand, silt and clay sized particles. In this case, sand particles are the largest and clay particles the smallest.

 

2. STRUCTURE 

Soil structure is the arrangement of soil particles such as sand, silt, clay and organic matter into larger aggregate of various sizes and shape.

 

3. POROSITY 

Soil porosity is the soil pore space are the small voids between soil particles that allow water to pass through.

The void between soil retain water, oxygen, and nutrients needed for plants growth. 

 

4. CHEMISTRY 

 

Soil chemistry is the soil science that deals with mineral composition, organic matter and environmental factors.

This will determine what will grow and how well it will grow.

 

5. COLOUR 

Soil color is affected by the minerals present and by the organic matter content. Soil colour range from grey, black, brown, red, etc.

It does not affect the plant growth, behavior and the use of soil.

 

LESSON 3 – SUMMARY AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Get different sample of soil for the pupils to examine.

3. Leads the pupils determined different soil properties.

 

Pupil’s Activities – Examine the soil and follow the teacher leads to identify the properties of soil.

4. Summary each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning of Soil Fertility | Causes of Loss in Soil Fertility or How Soil can loose its Fertility Primary 4 (Basic 4) Agriculture

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. identify soil properties of different soil sample.

2. state 3 properties of soil.

 

3. explore the school environment to get different sample of soil and analysis the properties of each soil.

4. explain any 3 of the following:

  • Texture
  • Structure
  • Porosity
  • Chemistry
  • Colour

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

1. _______ is the proportion of sand, silt and clay sized particles.

A. Soil porosity

B. Soil texture

C. Soil structure

 

2. In soil texture, sand particles are the _______ and clay particles the _______.

A. small, large

B. largest, smallest

C. smallest, largest

 

3. _______ is the arrangement of soil particles.

A. Soil porosity

B. Soil texture

C. Soil structure

 

4. _______ is the soil pore space are the small voids between soil particles that allow water to pass through.

A. Soil porosity

B. Soil texture

C. Soil structure

 

5. The void between soil retain water, oxygen, and nutrients needed for _______. 

 

A. animal growth

B. plant growth

C. human growth

 

6. _______ is the soil science that deals with mineral composition, organic matter and environmental factors.

A. Soil chemical

B. Soil colour

C. Soil texture

 

7. _______ is affected by the minerals present and by the organic matter content.

A. Soil chemical

B. Soil colour

C. Soil texture

 

8. Which of the following is not one of the three types of soil?

A. Clay

B. Sand

C. Rock

 

9. Which of the following is the largest particle in soil?

A. Sand

B. Clay

C. Mud

 

10. Which of the following is the smallest particle in soil?

 

A. Sand

B. Clay

C. Mud

 

11. Which type of soil can hold the greatest amount of water?

A. Sandy soil

B. Clay soil

C. Loamy soil

 

12. Many plants cannot grow in sandy soil.

A. True

B. False

 

13. Many plants cannot grow in clay soil.

A. True

B. False

 

14. Organic matter is made of living and non things.

A. False

B. True

 

15. The breaking down of death plants, animals, and other organisms become soil organic materials.

 

A. True

B. False

 

16. Delayed plants, animals and breaking down of rock into smaller particles is called organic materials.

A. False

B. True

 

17. Rock is one of the types of soil.

A. True

B. False

 

18. Sandy soil is a black soil.

A. True

B. False

 

19. Loamy soil is a black soil.

A. True

B. False

 

10. Clay has very small particles that stick together.

 

A. True

B. False

 

 

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ezoicreport this ad