THEME: PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
PREVIOUS LESSON – The Effects of Weeds on Crops and Farmers (Problems of Weeds) Primary 5 Term 2 Week 3 Agriculture
TOPIC – WEED CONTROL
2. Weeds Control Measures
3. Importance of Weed Control
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. state the control of weeds to farmers.
2. mention the importance of farmers.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Samples of weeds common in the locality.
2. Charts and pictures showing control measures.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Weeds are unwanted plants growing in the farm and other places.
Weeds compete with the grown plant for food, water, air and space, such that the wanted plant may eventually die.
The common of weeds are – elephant grass, guinea grass, spear grass, giant star grass, bahama grass, carpet grass and pig weed.
CONTROL MEASURES – HOW TO CONTROL WEEDS
There are three (3) ways of weed controls –
1. Biology control
2. Cultural control
3. Chemical control
This process involves using animals to feed on the weeds on a farm of tree crops that are fully grown, such as a citrus orchard, rubber plantation and palm plantation.
One disadvantage of this method is that the animals may also eat and destroy the wanted plants in the process.
Cultural control is the removal of weed by hands, cutlass or hoe.
It involves uprooting weeds with hands, cutlass or hoe.
This is also called manual control.
A chemical is a man-made liquid or powder used for controlling or killing weeds.
It is also used for controlling or killing pets and diseases. This control is called weedicides.
LESSON 2 – IMPORTANCE OF WEED CONTROLS
1. It prevents the soil and water from pollution.
2. It saves the livestock from contamination.
3. It prevent the seed of the weeds from germinate early and grow faster.
4. It saves cost crops production.
5. It prevents insects and diseases.
6. It prevents the pest from hiding inside the weeds.
7. It reduces the cost of labour.
REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Displays chart showing the method of weed control.
3. Asks to describe the contents of the chart.
Pupil’s Activities – Describe the contents of the chart.
4. Listen to the description and use their description to introduce the lesson.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction.
5. Discuss the solution to the problems created by weeds.
Pupil’s Activities – State the solution to the problems created by weeds.
6. Take pupils to the school’s farm to demonstrate how to use at least one of the weed methods or excursion to the nearest farmland to interview the farmers on the solutions to the problems created by weeds.
Pupil’s Activities – Practice and demonstrate the weed control on the school’s farm or nearest farm to the school.
7. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson summary and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- Assignment – Find out how people in your community control Weeds.
Asks pupils to:
1. list and explain 3 weed control.
2. state 5 importance of weed control.