BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (JSS 1)
THEME – LIVING AN NON LIVING THINGS
TOPIC – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS
1. Meaning of Living and Non Living Things
2. Characteristics of Living and Non Living Things
3. Importance of Plants and Animals
4. Differences between Plants and Animals
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. collect and identify samples of plants and animals in their environment.
2. list the distinguishing characteristics of plants and animals.
3. state the importance of plants and animals to human beings.
4. prepare a plant album.
5. identify self as a living thing.
6. state the characteristics of living and non living things.
Living and Non Living Things
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Plant and animal specimens
2. Old newspapers
3. Drawing book
5. Plastic containers
6. Polythene bags
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF LIVING THINGS
Living things include many kinds of organisms – the plants, animals, fungi, etc. that can be readily seen in nature or with a microscope.
Living things can be found in every type of habitat on Earth – on land and in lakes, rivers, and oceans. Although all these organisms are very different from one another but have similar characteristics.
CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS
The characteristics of living things are –
1. Movement – Living things like man, dogs, goats, etc. move from one place to another on their own. Forms of movements include, walking, running, jumping, swimming, and flying. Plants also moved but not like man and animals. They move according to stimuli, move towards light and water.
2. Sensitivity/Irritation – Living things respond to conditions around them. For example, cold, heat, etc.
3. Respiration – All living things respire. Take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide. Plants take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen.
4. Nutrition – Living things feed on different nutritional foods for growth and development.
5. Growth – All living things grow in height, size and weight. Plants continue to grow throughout their life time while man and animals stop at a certain stage of life.
6. Reproduction – All living things have the ability to produce their young ones. Man and animals release waste in form of urine, carbon oxide, sweat, etc. While plants also do the same in form of water, gum, etc.
7. Excretion – This is the ability to remove waste from the body.
8. Death – When living things are unable to carry out all these activities, they are said to be death.
MEANING OF NON LIVING THINGS
Non living things are anything without life such as materials – objects or body.
Non living things are anything which cannot grow, move, breathe and reproduce.
CHARACTERISTICS (PROPERTIES) NON LIVING THINGS
1. They do not breathe or need air.
2. They do not need food and water to survive.
3. They do not respond to changes.
4.They do not reproduce.
5. They do not grow.
6. They cannot move by themselves.
7. They cannot die.
USES /IMPORTANCE OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS
1. Food – plants and animals.
2. Herbal medicine – plants and animals.
3. Raw materials for the industries – plants and animals.
4. Security – animals like dogs.
5. Pets – animals like dogs, cats, horses, etc.
6. Shelter – plants.
7. Foreign exchange – plants and animals.
8. Work – animals like bulls, cattle, etc.
9. Transportation – animals like horses, camels, donkeys, etc.
1. Press plant materials to make a plant album.
2. Make a photo album of plants and animals.
3. Make a list of 10 examples of living things and 10 examples of non living things
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;
2. Guides class in discussion on:
- characteristics of plants, animals, and
- importance and uses of plants and animals.
Student’s Activities – Collect plant and animal samples, observe the collections and identify distinguishing characteristics of plants and animals and sort out collections into plant and animal groups.
3. Guides students to:
a. group living matter as plants and animals,
b. prepare a plant album, and
c. identify self as living things,
Student’s Activities – sort out collections into plant and animal groups. Press plant materials and prepare plant album and participate in class discussion.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Next Lesson – Different between Plants and Animals and Importance of Living and Non Living Things (JSS 1)
1. name four examples of plants and animals.
2. state four differences between plants and animals.
3. list three important uses of plants and animals.
4. list four characteristics of living things.
5. describe self as a living thing.