Meaning of Government | Forms/Types of Government Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Term 2 Week 2 Civic Education

 

CIVIC EDUCATION 

NATIONAL VALUES EDUCATION 

FIRST TERM

WEEK 2

PRIMARY 5

THEME: GOVERNMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning and Characteristics of A Bad Leader | Problems that may arise from Bad Leadership Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Term 2 Week 1 Civic Education

 

TOPIC – GOVERNMENT 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Meaning of Government

3. Form of Government

4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. explain the concept of a government.

2. describe the following – democracy, presidential and parliamentary.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The pupils

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of chart of different forms of government.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

A government is the system whereby group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

 

FORMS/TYPES OF GOVERNMENT

The form of government are –

1. Democracy

2. Presidential

3. Parliamentary

4. Totalitarian

5. Oligarch

6. Dictatorship/Military

 

 

LESSON 2 – MEANING OF DEMOCRACY 

Democracy is the form of government of the people by the people.

 

MEANING OF PARLIAMENTARY 

Parliamentary is the form of government ruled by the prime minister.

The head of state is different from the head of government in parliamentary system of government.

 

MEANING OF PRESIDENTIAL 

Presidential is the form of government ruled by the elected president.

The head of state is the head of head government in presidential system of government.

 

MEANING OF TOTALITARIAN

Totalitarian is the form of government where the citizens are subject to absolute authority without questioning.

 

MEANING OF MONARCH

Monarch is the form of government ruled by the King or Queen, hereditary or succession. No end to tenure.

This is also known as government of Kings and Queens.

 

MEANING OF OLIGARCH 

Oligarchy is the form of government by only few people who are privileged or powerful.

 

MEANING OF DICTATORSHIP 

Dictatorship is the form of government where a person or group of people possess absolute power without constitutional limitation.

For example, the military rule.

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Displays a chart showing different form of government.

3. Allows the pupils to analyze the chart.

Pupil’s Activities – Extract the concept of the chart.

4. Uses the chart and their view points to introduce the lesson and explain the concept of government.

  • Also, discuss different form of government.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen attentively.

5. Summarizes each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Teacher asks pupils to –

1. explain the concept of a government.

2. state 4 forms of government.

3. describe the following –

  • Democracy
  • Presidential
  • Parliamentary
  • Totalitarian
  • Oligarch
  • Dictatorship/Military

 

 

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