Meaning and Types of Pathogens and Diseases (Primary 4)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

THIRD TERM 

WEEK 5

PRIMARY 4

THEME: PATHOGENS, DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Basic Types of Swimming Strokes (Primary 4)

TOPIC – MEANING AND TYPES OF PATHOGENS AND DISEASES 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning Pathogens and Diseases

2. Types of Diseases

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

1. Differentiate between pathogens and diseases.

2. List three types of pathogens.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Pictures

2. Posters

3. Flip charts

4. Video clips

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

Relevant link – Basic Types of Swimming Strokes (Primary 4)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION (PATHOGENS AND DISEASES) 

MEANING OF PATHOGENS 

Pathogen is an infectious disease (that’s communicable diseases) that cause illness or make people sick.

Pathogen are tiny living organisms that cause illness to the body.

 

MEANING OF DISEASES 

Disease is a failure of the body to function well as a result of the activities of germs or pathogens.

 

 

TYPES OF TYPES OF PATHOGENS 

1. Viruses

2. Bacteria

3. Fungi

 

LESSON TWO – REVISION AND WEEK 5 ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Explains the following – pathogens and diseases;

Pupil’s Activities – Listen to teacher’s explanation.

3. Mention types of pathogens;

Pupil’s Activities – Recall diseases they (members of their families) had suffered from.

4. Questions and answers;

Pupil’s Activities – Listen, ask and answer questions.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. Explain the meaning of pathogen.

2. Define diseases.

3. Mention 3 types of pathogens.

 

 

 

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